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研究生:林璽謙
研究生(外文):Gori, Michele
論文名稱:中國的空間發展和產業遷移以富士康為例
論文名稱(外文):China’s spatial development and inland industrial relocation: A case study of Honhai-Foxconn
指導教授:陳小紅陳小紅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Hsiao Hung Nancy
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:中國雁形理論富士康路易斯轉折點投資搬遷的移轉空間發展對外直接投資
外文關鍵詞:Chinaflying geese modelFoxconnLewis Turning Pointinvestment relocationspatial developmentFDI
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近年來,富士康受到國際間高度的重視,然而,富士康中國工廠員工的高自殺率使得學者較重視員工的工作情況,鮮少對公司的擴張、轉移以及搬遷進行研究。本文聚焦於過去四十年富士康在中國的經濟發展面向。
使用雁行理論分析中國經濟發展的文獻不斷增加,富士康也參與於該理論所描述之中國邊境的工廠遷移現象,因此,本文整理學者對雁行理論的論辯,指出該理論無法解釋中國邊境發生的經濟現象。為彌補雁行理論的不足,我們將敘明中國空間發展於不同區域的漸進式轉變,係透過中央與地方政策的施行而開始。
研究結果顯示,依據區域經濟的發展階段差異,投資往往發生在相對優勢的地區,然而, 透過政策影響國家之動態優勢,以及投資趨動力……等,並不符合日本學者赤松要提出之雁形理論。一份關於富士康的直接與間接投資的分析指出,富士康的發展方向反映了中國的整體經濟發展,並且有兩個同時進行的發展方向:其一,地理上來說,富士康將投資從中國沿岸地區轉移至內陸地區,甚至進一步移往東南亞及歐美地區。其二,富士康將其產品種類擴大並提升到更多元及優質的方向。

Over the last few years, Foxconn has started to gain massive international attention, however influenced by the high rate of suicides that afflicted plants in Mainland China, scholars focused the most on the labor condition of Foxconn workers, pushing the company’s very interesting business expansion, diversion and relocation into the background. This paper will focus on these processes in the context of China’s economic development of the past forty years.
A growing literature about the latest developments of the Chinese economy adopts the flying geese model to describe the phenomenon of factory relocation that is taking place within the Chinese national borders. Foxconn is also part of the process. For this reason this work will also join in the scholar debate about the flying geese, making clear that the model falls short in explaining some aspects of this phenomenon. A detailed description of China spatial development, that is the gradual development of different regions brought about the launch of national and local policies, will make up for the shortcomings.
Results show that investments were often taken according to the relative comparative advantage of regions in their respective stage of development, however in some cases China’s governmental policies changed the country’s comparative advantage dynamics, and investments’ driving forces were therefore in contrast with Akamatsu’s precepts. An analysis of Foxconn direct and indirect investments shows that the company has mirrored the growth of China, and evolved simultaneously in two different ways: geographically speaking they have moved investments from the Chinese coast to the central regions, and further to South East Asia, US and Europe; while at the same time expanding production into a more diverse and advanced set of products.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS III
ABSTRACT IV
摘要 V
TABLE OF CONTENTS VI
LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES VIII
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS X
PREFACE 1
1 INTRODUCTION 2
1.1 Theoretical Framework 3
1.2 Research questions 4
1.3 Methodology 4
1.4 Methodological issues and research limitations 5
1.5 Foxconn in the literature 8
2 FLYING GEESE PATTERN OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 12
2.1 The Original FGM 12
2.1.1 Fundamental pattern 13
2.1.2 Variant pattern 14
2.1.3 Advanced - less advanced pattern 15
2.1.4 A leading growth sector 16
2.2 Flying Geese Pattern of domestic industrial relocation 18
3 GOVERNMENTAL POLICIES 21
3.1 Spatial development China 21
3.1.1 1980s: Pearl River Delta 22
3.1.2 1990s: Yangtze River Delta 23
3.1.3 2000s: Bohai Rim 24
3.1.4 1010s: Western Development 25
3.1.5 Growth engines 26
3.2 Agglomeration 27
3.3 Local Policies 28
3.3.1 Provide labors 29
3.3.2 Provide economic incentives 30
3.4 “Push” factors 31
3.4.1 Environmental regulations in Taiwan and China: 32
3.4.2 Rising wages in Taiwan and China: 33
3.4.3 Agglomeration diseconomies: 34
3.5 Spatial and temporal variation of investments in China. 35
4 FOXCONN/HONGHAI 35
4.1 Foxconn: some general information 35
4.2 Industrial relocation within China 36
4.2.1 Economic Zones 38
4.2.2 Pearl River Delta 41
4.2.3 Yangtze River Delta 43
4.2.4 Bohai Rim 46
4.2.5 Great Western region 51
4.3 Relocation outside China 54
4.4 Industrial upgrading 57
5 CONCLUSION 60
5.1 Further research 62
REFERENCES 64
APPENDIX 78

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