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研究生:瑪麗婭
研究生(外文):Maria Borisova
論文名稱:孔子學院在莫斯科:國家形象與在地認知
論文名稱(外文):Confucius Institutes in Moscow: National Image and Local Perception
指導教授:楊昊楊昊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang, Alan Hao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:孔子學院莫斯科中俄關係軟實力
外文關鍵詞:Confucius InstituteMoscowSino-Russian relationssoft power
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孔子學院是中國軟實力政策的展現。它創設的是目的為了向世界推廣中國文化與漢語,增進世界各國對中國的瞭解,目前全球已設有443所孔子學院與648間孔子課堂。
俄羅斯是中國最友好的朋友之一,也是重要的政治、經濟、戰略夥伴。因為兩國的關係不斷地發展,俄羅斯人對漢語的興趣也越來越高。為滿足俄羅斯人的需要,中國遂把在俄羅斯設立孔子學院列為積極推動的項目。俄羅斯目前已經有18所孔子學院與5間孔子課堂。
本論文的題目是『孔子學院在莫斯科:國家的形象與在地認知』,旨在瞭解在俄羅斯漢語教師與學生對孔子學院的觀感為何。
本論文所採用用的研究方法為面對面訪問跟次級資料分析。
分析的結果顯示,大部分受訪者持正面的看法,並對孔子學院給予高度評價,以及認為孔子學院對中俄關係的發展產生很重要的作用。雖然有一些人認為,孔子學院是中國政府情報機關的部分,但是總的印象是正面的。中國在俄羅斯成功地建立其自身的良好形象,而孔子學院是它以達到其目的使用的工具之一。

Abstract
Confucius Institute (CI) is one of China's soft power policy initiatives. It aims to promote Chinese language and culture all over the globe, enhance the world's understanding of China. Today there are already 443 Confucius Institutes and 648 Confucius Classrooms in the world.
Russia is one China’s closest friends and allies, as well as its important political, economic and strategic partner. Due to the continuous development of the bilateral relations, Russian people are more and more interested in Chinese language. To meet their need in studying Mandarin, China is actively promoting the establishment of the Confucius Institute there. Now there are already 18 Confucius Institutes and 5 Confucius Classroom 5 in Russia.
The name of this thesis is: "Confucius Institutes in Moscow: national image and local perception." It aims at understanding what kind of attitude Russians, who teach or study Chinese either at the CI or somewhere else, have towards the Confucius Institute. Besides, it was also important to understand whether Sino-Russian relations play a crucial role in shaping people’s attitude towards the CI.
Throughout the research the author used primary data sources (field work, interviews), as well as secondary data sources. Field research was conducted only in Moscow, the rest of the information about the development of the CIs in Russia is observed through the secondary data sources (reports, newspapers, journals).
Results of the analysis indicate that the majority of Russian people, on the example of Moscow, have favorable attitude towards the Confucius Institute. Although in general there are also those who are skeptical about this initiative in Russia, stating that China is using the CIs as a part of its intelligence network, but the overall impression is positive. The PRC managed to create a favorable image of itself in Russia, and the Confucius Institute is one of the tools it uses in order to reach its aim.

Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Purpose of Study 1
1.2 Research Question 3
1.3 Framework 3
1.3.1 Dependent Variables 3
1.3.2 Independent Variables 4
1.4 Methodology 7
1.4.1 List of Interviewees 8
1.4.2 Scope/Limit 10
1.4.3 Chapter Arrangement 10
Chapter 2. Literature Review 12
2.1 Sino-Russian Relations (1920s-2015) 12
2.1.1 Sino-Soviet Relations (“honeymoon” – “divorce”) 14
2.1.2 1990s (normalization, “strategic partnership”) 16
2.1.3 2000- 2015 (“Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation”, new “honeymoon”) 17
2.2 Soft Power and Cultural Diplomacy 19
2.2.1 Soft Power 19
2.2.2 Cultural Diplomacy 20
2.3 China’s Perception towards Soft Power 22
2.3.1 China’s Soft Power Initiatives 26
2.4 Confucius Institute (Organization; Critics) 29
2.4.1 Hanban (Confucius Institute Headquarters) 30
2.4.2 Organization of the Confucius Institutes 34
2.4.3 Debates and Concerns 35
2.5 Russian Soft Power 39
2.5.1 Russia’s Soft Power Initiatives 40
Chapter 3. Literature Review 43
3.1 Introduction 43
3.2 Soft Power with Chinese and Russian Characteristics 45
3.3 Goals and Means of Chinese Soft Power 49
3.3.1 Goals 49
3.3.2 Means 50
2.4 Limits of Chinese Soft Power 53
Chapter 4. Confucius Institute; Moscow Case 57
4.1 Introduction to Confucius Institute 57
4.2 Goals, Means and Limits of Confucius Institute 59
4.2.1 Goals and Means 60
4.2.2 Limits 62
4.3 History of Sino-Russian Cultural Exchanges 63
4.4 Confucius Institute in Russia 67
4.5 Confucius Institute in Moscow 68
4.5.1 Confucius Institute at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation 69
4.5.2 Confucius Institute at Russian State University for the Humanities 70
4.5.3 Confucius Institute at Lomonosov Moscow State University 74
4.5.4 Confucius Institute at Moscow State Linguistic University 78
4.6 Conclusion 80
Chapter 5. Conclusion 82
5.1 Research Findings 82
5.1.1 Results of the Interviews 82
5.1.2 Conclusion of the Interviews 89
5.1.3 Secondary Data Findings 90
5.1.4 Primary and Secondary Data Sources Findings 95
5.1 General Conclusion 98
References 105
Appendix 117

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