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研究生:沙颯
研究生(外文):Sprole, Samantha
論文名稱:跨部門企業環境投資的影響: 以正當性理論與 利害關係人理論分析台灣鋼鐵產業
論文名稱(外文):Multi-sector Impact on Firm Environmental Investment: Legitimacy, Stakeholders and the Steel Industry in Taiwan
指導教授:陳小紅陳小紅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Nancy
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:鋼鐵產業環境投資的影響
外文關鍵詞:environmental management systemscorporate social responsibilitylegitimacy theorystakeholder theoryenvironmental governance
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Contemporary research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) highlights its disputed effect on firm profitability and the determinants of environmental disclosure. Largely missing from these accounts is a critical look at stakeholders — particularly agents in the public, market, and voluntary sectors — and how they influence corporate investment in environmental management systems (EMS). This study explores CSR trends in Taiwan’s private-sector steel industry, focusing on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with electric arc furnaces and contrasting them with the nation’s flagship industry conglomerate, China Steel. The research suggests that without a crisis of legitimacy or significant stakeholder pressure — particularly government pressure and pressure to retain ISO 14000 certification — SMEs see little incentive (and high costs) to build an effective EMS. Also, contextual factors in Taiwan pose both problems and opportunities for sustainable initiatives. Specifically, environmental laws are modern and strict, but administrative capacity to implement laws is not uniform island-wide. Also, activists and localized self-help groups pay less attention to SME steel firms and spend more effort over controversial industries like nuclear power, high-tech manufacturers and petrochemical companies. Still, government and cross-sector alliances sometimes take an active role in subsidizing EMS and promoting research and development. Using a mixed methods approach within the critical field of political ecology, the research concludes that economic concerns drive SME steel firm behavior, with changes in the scale of EMS development coming into play only in favorable cost-benefit scenarios and typically with substantial pressure emanating from the private and public sectors.
1. Introduction ……………………………………………………………… 1
1.1 Motivation for research …………………………………………… 1
1.2 Research question and design …………………………………….. 2
1.3 Research significance ……………………………………………... 5
2. Environmental governance and Taiwan’s EAF steel industry …… 7
2.1 The steelmaking process with an electric arc furnace …………… 8
2.2 Environmental issues and mitigating technologies ………………. 12
2.3 Steel in Taiwan and private sector environmental initiatives …… 29
2.4 Public sector factors ……………………………………………….. 40
2.5 Voluntary sector factors …………………………………………… 48
3. Review of Literature ………………………………………………………. 53
3.1 Corporate social responsibility (CSR) ………………………… 54
3.2 Corporate citizenship (CC) …………………………………… 58
3.3 Legitimacy theory ……………………………………………… 60
3.4 Stakeholder theory ………………………………………………… 63
3.5 Intervening variables …………………………………………… 66
4. Results ………………………………………………………………………. 68
5. Discussion …………………………………………………………………... 75
6. Conclusion ………………………………………………………………….. 80
7. References …………………………………………………………………... 81
8. Appendices ………………………………………………………………….. A-1
8.1 Appendix 1: Chinese-language survey (distributed) …… A-1
8.2 Appendix 2: English-language survey (reference) ………… A-8
8.3 Appendix 3: List of interviewees and survey participants A-15
8.4 Appendix 4: Domestic SME survey responses …………… A-16

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