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研究生:李怡青
研究生(外文):Li, Yi Ching
論文名稱:兩性的職業地位取得與職業性別組成:社會資本效應
論文名稱(外文):Gender Differences in Status Attainment and Gender Compositions of Occupations: Social Capital Effect
指導教授:熊瑞梅熊瑞梅引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:社會學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:職業性別化職業地位社會資本
相關次數:
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台灣勞動力市場長期一直存在兩性職業不平等的現象,從找工作、職位升遷、薪資高低都一再反應出兩性在勞動力市場的差異。另一方面,隨著台灣教育的普及,女性進入勞動力市場的比例逐漸增高,兩性在職業薪資、升遷仍有明顯的性別差異,更是延伸至性別職業隔離,區分為男性標籤與女性標籤的職業(張晉芬2002;Bielby and Baron 1986; Kilbourne et al. 1994)。職業出現性別選擇偏好,從求職者、僱主到公司組織,女性甚至考量到未來婚育生活,逐漸陷入職業與性別結合的框架。過往研究兩性勞動力市場,較少探討社會資本與兩性勞動力市場的職位地位取得關係,本研究將採用中研院計畫 「社會資本的建構與效應:台灣、中國大陸、美國三地追蹤研究」的調查資料,分析2004年與2007年兩波的台灣資料調查,從兩性職業選擇的類型、職業性別化現象、職業地位與社會資本的關係,來探討職位地位取得過程與社會資本對兩性選擇職業的影響。
本研究主要研究發現有以下幾點:首先,職位地位取得的性別差異仍存在,社會資本對性別職業影響不大,但在服務產業的職位地位取得需依靠社會資本。第二,勞動力市場的職業性別化現象,透過職位地位取得仍出現性別偏好,男性偏好選擇男性比例較高的職業,女性偏好選擇女性比例較高的職業(張晉芬 2002;Lin 1989),而社會資本對職業性別化流動的影響不明顯,僅對於男性流動到女性比例較高的職業影響大。第三,職業地位的性別差異,在初階管理職的兩性職業地位比例差異不大,反而在中高階管理職的職業地位,男性占比高於女性。其中社會資本對職業地位的影響,以初階管理職的影響最大,無論男女若要提升職業地位至初階管理職,皆須具備有豐富的社會資本。

摘要 I
目錄 II
圖表目次 III
第一章 、研究動機與目的 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的 5
第二章 、文獻回顧與研究假設 11
第一節、性別、職業流動與職業性別化 11
第二節、社會資本與職業性別化 18
第三節、職業類別、職業地位與社會資本 26
第三章 、研究方法與步驟 31
第一節、研究設計 31
第二節、資料來源 34
第三節、變項測量 35
第四章、研究發現 40
第一節、樣本變項描述 40
第二節、職位地位取得與社會資本之分析 45
第三節、職業性別化與社會資本 49
第四節、職業流動、職業地位與社會資本 52
第五節、小結 55
第五章、結論 62
第一節、研究發現與總結 62
第二節、研究限制與建議 65
參考書目 73
附錄、職業編碼與職業性別比例 81

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蔡瑞明、林大森,2002,〈滾石不生苔?台灣勞力市場中的工作經歷對薪資的影響〉,《台灣社會學刊》29: 57-95.
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蕭彩含,2008,《女性社會資本回收劣勢的機制:性別化社會資本與獲得職位女性比例》,國立政治大學社會學研究所碩士論文
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