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研究生:周榆鈞
研究生(外文):Jou, Yu Chun
論文名稱:資優生自殺事件的媒體再現研究
論文名稱(外文):News Representations Study of Gifted or Talented Students' Suicides
指導教授:施琮仁施琮仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih, Tsung Jen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:新聞研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:新聞學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:資優生自殺新聞再現內容分析新聞價值
外文關鍵詞:gifted studentssuicide newsrepresentationcontent analysisnews value
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據報載,建國中學學生自殺事件頻繁,十一年內多達七件案例,震撼國內教育當局,也讓社會大眾開始重視資優生的心理輔導與壓力調適問題。自殺事件的報導在近年來逐漸受到重視,又以被冠以「名校」光環的建國中學、台灣大學等校學生自殺事件受到矚目。

依據國外新聞學界對新聞價值的各種界定,資優生的自殺事件符合「顯著性(prominence)」以及「不尋常性(unusualness)」,自殺者的身分會成為媒體特別關注的焦點,國外研究也指出,影劇界或政治界的名人自殺容易造成模仿,新聞媒體的報導抉擇點也是出自於新聞價值的判斷與選擇。

根據國內學者研究,媒體對資優教育及資優生的認知仍有待加強,通常只要是就讀明星學校或學業表現較佳的學生,就會被媒體冠上「資優生」的標籤。然而這些學生確實「資優」嗎?

本研究論文將藉由分析國內四大報對於「資優生」自殺事件的新聞,了解我國報紙媒體是否在「資優生」的正確認知上進行報導,探究媒體報導的正確比率;同時,也將分析報紙媒體如何報導「資優生」自殺事件,以及報紙媒體如何報導其自殺原因?而報導中有無汙名化、標籤化或刻板印象的敘述?本論文將使用內容分析法,針對國內四大報近十一年(2003-2014)內的新聞內容進行內容分析,分別從「新聞報導觀點」、「自殺原因」、「自殺者形象報導」以及「資優生形象報導」探究自殺事件的報導,深入研究自殺新聞文本並逐步回答研究問題,探討報紙新聞如何報導自殺事件及呈現方式,以及如何再現自殺事件。

摘要i
目錄ii
圖表目錄iii

第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景1
第二節 研究目的與動機2

第二章 文獻探討6
第一節 媒體再現與新聞價值6
第二節 資優生的定義與情意特質18
第三節 資優生之自殺與壓力調適問題26
第四節 資優生的汙名化、標籤及刻板印象28
第五節 研究問題36

第三章 研究方法37
第一節 內容分析法概述37
第二節 研究對象38
第三節 類目建構40
第四節 信度檢驗46

第四章 結果49

第五章 討論76
第一節 研究結果討論76
第二節 研究限制81

第六章 結論與建議84
第一節 結論84
第二節 研究貢獻85
第三節 未來研究建議86

參考文獻88

附錄97
附錄一:編碼表97
附錄二:編碼須知100
附錄三:新聞編碼範例103

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