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研究生:黃柏賀
論文名稱:論美國職棒大聯盟球隊之配置效率
論文名稱(外文):The Allocative Efficiency of the teams in Major League Baseball
指導教授:王信實王信實引用關係李文傑李文傑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Shinn ShyrLee, Wen Chieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:美國職棒大聯盟配置效率球員績效團隊薪資豪華稅薪資結構資源錯置
外文關鍵詞:Major League BaseballMLBAllocative efficiencyPlayer performanceTeam salaryLuxury taxSalary structureMisallocation of resources
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  過去在職業棒球產業的研究上主要分為兩個方向,一個是以球隊勝率做為研究目標,另一個則是球隊的技術效率。目前為止,尚未有職業棒球隊配置效率的相關文獻。本研究透過美國職棒大聯盟十七個球季三十支球隊的資料,並以Hsieh and Klenow(2009)的資源錯置模型為基礎,分析可能影響球隊配置效率的關鍵因素。相較於需要較長時間才能改善的技術效率,配置效率若要有顯著的提升,透過資源上的移轉通常都能立竿見影。由於本研究的資料橫跨執行豪華稅的2003年,因此,也將豪華稅制度的設立和支付金額設為解釋變數之一。本研究發現執行豪華稅對於球隊的配置效率有正面的影響,而支付的豪華稅金額越高,對於球隊的配置效率也有顯著的正影響。關於薪資的部分,當球隊總薪資越高和薪資差距越大,對於球隊的配置效率都存在顯著的負向影響。另外,投手的績效越好,對於球隊的配置效率也有顯著的正面影響,有這樣的結果,可能也間接說明了現今棒球比賽中投手的重要程度。
  The past research on professional baseball industry which can be divided into two ways, one is the team winning percentage, the other is team's technical efficiency. So far, there are no literature about professional baseball team allocative efficiency. This research bases on the misallocation of resources model which proposed by Hsieh and Klenow (2009) and used the information of MLB’s past 17 seasons (1998 to 2009 seasons) as the research sample to explore the influence of key factors on team’s allocative efficiency. Comparing to the improvement of technical efficiency, allocative efficiency can have significantly improvement through the transfer of resources immediately. Since the data across the implementation of luxury tax in 2003, therefore, we set the implementation of luxury tax and the payment of the amount of luxury tax as variables. The empirical results show that the implementation of the luxury tax has a positive effect on the allocative efficiency of teams and the higher pay of luxury tax amount also has significant positive influence on the allocative efficiency of teams. About the part of salary, when the team has higher total wages and the larger gap on salary structure, there are significant negative effect on the team’s allocative efficiency. In addition, the better pitcher's performance has the positive effects on team’s allocative efficiency. It may also shows that the importance role of pitchers on today's baseball games.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 4
第三節 研究架構 9
第二章 豪華稅的簡介 10
第三章 文獻回顧 12
第四章 模型介紹 15
第一節 Resource Misallocation模型介紹 15
第二節 Panel Data 模型說明 21
第五章 資料描述 23
第一節 資料來源 23
第二節 變數說明 24
第六章 主要假說 30
第七章 研究模型 31
第八章 實證結果分析 34
第一節 最小平方法的實證結果 34
第二節 Panel Data的實證結果 36
第九章 結論與建議 38
第一節 研究結論 38
第二節 未來研究建議 40
參考文獻 41
附錄 43

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