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研究生:陳士峰
研究生(外文):Shih-feng chen
論文名稱:多元調諧質量阻尼器於建築物減振之實務應用探討
論文名稱(外文):Practical considerations of Multiple Tuned Mass Dampers for Vibration Reduction of Buildings
指導教授:林其璋林其璋引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chi-chang Lin
口試委員:翁駿民王哲夫
口試委員(外文):J.M. UengJ.F. Wang
口試日期:2015-07-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:調諧質量阻尼器多元調諧質量阻尼器高層建築減振設計
外文關鍵詞:tuned mass dampermultiple tuned mass damperhigh-rise buildingsvibration reduction design
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建築物結構裝設調諧質量阻尼器(Tuned Mass Damper, TMD)以降低結構受環境外力(如強風以及地震)作用下之動態反應,已獲國內外學術界與工程界的肯定。本研究首先利用工程界常用之結構分析軟體ETABS建立 高層建築實際案例之有限元素分析模型,並且利用分析所得之結構動態參數進行多元調諧質量阻尼器(multiple TMD, MTMD)最佳化參數設計,接著比較此高層建築裝設與未裝設MTMD減振系統下的動態反應,結果顯示案例建築物在裝設MTMD裝置後有良好減振效果。本研究更進一步以此MTMD最佳化參數(含質量、勁度與阻尼),進行實體MTMD機構與安裝樓層支撐構架之設計,使MTMD機構可穩定安裝於結構物上,發揮其減振效果。本研究有助於推廣MTMD減振系統於高層建築之應用

Vibration control of civil engineering structures using tuned mass dampers (TMDs) is a widely accepted control strategy after numerous analytical and experimental verifications. Firstly, a finite element model of an in planning high-rise building was built by a commercial structural analysis software, i.e., ETABS. Optimal parameters of the multiple TMD (MTMD) was designed based on the dynamic parameters of the target building. The structural responses with and without MTMD system was then compared. The results show that the MTMD system is effective in vibration reduction. Furthermore, the full scale MTMD system and the related supporting components on the installation floor were also designed to guarantee the functions of the MTMD system. This study is helpful to the application of the MTMD system in high-rise buildings.

謝誌 i
中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
表格目錄 vii
圖形目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機及目的 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 本文內容 4
第二章 TMD/MTMD 介紹及建築物裝設TMD/MTMD規劃流程 6
2.1 TMD 之介紹 6
2.1.1 TMD之研發歷史 6
2.1.2 TMD之基本組成形式 6
2.1.3 TMD之作用原理 7
2.1.4 TMD功用 7
2.1.5 TMD安裝及設計之簡要流程 9
2.1.6 TMD 應用現況 10
2.2 建築物裝設TMD/MTMD之規劃流程 11
2.2.1 建築物需安裝TMD/MTMD原因 11
2.2.2 建築物規劃TMD/MTMD系統流程 12
第三章 實際案例模擬TMD/MTMD 13
3.1 案例建築物簡介 13
3.1.1 耐震設計參數 13
3.1.1 案例建築物相關圖面 14
3.2 案例建築物結構分析 21
3.2.1 模態分析 21
3.2.2 耐風設計規範分析 21
3.3 案例建築物模擬安裝TMD/MTMD系統 31
3.3.1 TMD/MTMD 系統之規劃 31
3.3.2 MTMD最佳化設計介面程式 32
3.4 將MTMD系統參數應用於商業分析軟體 36
3.5 案例建築物減振分析採用之動態歷時紀錄 39
3.6 動態歷時分析驗證 42
第四章 MTMD元件設計 57
4.1 質量塊 57
4.2 圓筒螺旋壓縮彈簧 58
4.3 阻尼器 60
4.4 線性滑軌 61
4.5 安全防護裝置 63
4.6 油壓緩衝器 63
4.7 MTMD安全鎖停裝置 64
4.8 系統機構耐震檢核 64
4.9 TMD重量對結構柱承載力之影響 66
第五章 MTMD相關詳圖及相關法規檢討 67
5.1 MTMD機械室之規劃設計 67
5.1.1 TMD 設備詳圖 67
5.1.2 MTMD 機械室規劃設計 69
5.1.3 TMD設備與結構體結合之說明 70
5.2 建築相關法規可行性檢討 74
5.3 MTMD 設備噪音隔離措施 77
第六章 結論 78
參考文獻 79

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