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研究生:桝野泰司
研究生(外文):Taishi Masuno
論文名稱:國產稻米收穫前後農藥殘留衰減變化
論文名稱(外文):Changes of pesticide residues during pre- and post harvesting period of domestic rice
指導教授:陳宗禮陳宗禮引用關係
口試委員:葉茂生蘇宗振
口試日期:2015-04-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:農藝學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:水稻農藥殘留濕穀安全容許量糙米
外文關鍵詞:Oryza sativa l.pesticide reiduehusk ricebrown riceMRLs
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摘要
稻米為亞洲人民傳統主食。隨著時代的進步,食品安全已全然成為社會上關注的重大議題之一。本試驗利用四個水稻品種台農71號(TNG71)、台南11號(TN11)、台稉9號(TK9)、台稉14號(TK14)進行試驗。除調查各品種穀粒外觀大小特徵外,分別在糊熟期施用不同農藥後,於不同天數收取稻穀,調查施藥後穀粒及糙米所殘留的農藥種類及含量。結果顯示四個水稻品種穀粒的外觀大小特徵與農藥的殘留量沒有顯著相關性。農藥施用後不同天數取樣之結果顯示,農藥的殘留量會隨著施用後的天數明顯降低,測試農藥殘留量的衰減模式大致符合指數衰減函數,可以推估施藥後不同天數的農藥殘留量,作為田間濕穀農藥殘留管制及管理作業的參考。另外,調查繳交農民濕穀時不同批次稻穀殘留農藥的種類與分布,其結果反映一般農民的用藥情況,可作為管理公糧稻穀的參考依據。


Abstract
Rice (Oryza sative L.) is the most important crop in the world. With the progress of time, the food safety has become one of the major problems of concern. The experiment used four rice Taiwanese varieties TNG71, TN11, TK9, TK14. Rice plants were sprayed once a mixture pesticide at the ripening stage. After application, grain rice and brown rice were harvested at a different day respectively. The investigation revealed not only pesticide residue but also the appearance of all varieties of grain size characteristics relation with pesticide residue. At the results showed that the appearance of the four rice grains size characteristics and pesticide residues no significant correlation. However, according to the days passed, pesticide residue decline from application day by degree. Then most of decline curve model corresponded to the exponential decay. In addition, from general farmers get grain rice were invested a used pesticide and pesticide residue. On the base of two experiments, these results suggest that the use of appropriate pesticides will be a decrease in pesticide residue in rice.


目錄
章節 頁次
中文摘要........................
英文摘要........................
目錄..........................
表目錄.........................
圖目錄.........................
前言.......................... 1
前人研究........................ 3
材料與方法.......................10
一、試驗材料與地點...................10
二、施用藥劑與田間取樣.................11
三、成熟時期穀粒特徵..................11
四、繳交濕穀時不同批次稻穀取樣.............12
五、農藥殘留量檢測...................12
六、資料分析方法....................13
結果..........................14
一、第一期作噴藥後不同天數的農藥殘留量.........14
二、第二期作噴藥後不同天數的農藥殘留量.........24
三、穀粒外觀大小特徵與農藥的殘留量調查情形.......34
四、第一、二期糙米農藥量佔穀粒百分比情形........37
五、第一、二期作農戶濕穀繳交農藥殘留情形........40
討論..........................47
參考文獻........................53


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