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研究生:廖妍婷
研究生(外文):Yen-TingLiao
論文名稱:校舍更新節能改善策略之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Energy Efficiency Applied on School Renovation
指導教授:曾俊達曾俊達引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Ta Tzeng
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:建築學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:校舍更新節能效率永續校園資料包絡分析法
外文關鍵詞:School RenovationEnergy SavingEfficiencyTaiwan Sustainable Campus ProjectData Envelopment Analysis (DEA).
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臺灣既有校舍常因初期規劃不善、建築物年久失修、或因時空差異致使以往設計不符現今使用者需求之現象。為呼應現今的少子化社會、政策鼓勵老舊校舍改造與再利用、環保節能等實質議題,校舍藉由更新與重新規劃提升建築物使用性能,降低能耗,已成我國永續校園計畫中一大脈絡主題。校舍更新節能改善之策略若可避開前車之鑑,並效法過往成功經驗,進而在此基礎上創建更佳化策略模式,將可不斷開創出嶄新的永續改造思維。因此,如何讓各學校適性發展適合在地特性的節能改造策略;如何讓校方認同永續節能之政策發展;如何建置一套完善可執行的校舍更新節能改善評估系統,提供科學化、定量化的評估策略,為本研究欲思考與解決之課題。
國內對於既有校舍綠建築的改善多半以「專案計畫」方式推動執行,惜至今仍未有一專屬評估系統,可確切展現「校舍更新節能改善」之效率評估。本研究廣泛蒐集近年來臺灣既有校舍更新節能改善之實證案例,導入「環境效率」管理哲學,以「資料包絡分析法」評估節能改善關鍵投入/產出因子,且藉效率分析、效能分析及敏感度分析,解析臺灣本土化「節能改善」技術手法,並在此立基下提出適合臺灣校舍更新節能之改善策略與檢核表單,使往後校園管理者與設計者可避免選取不良之節能改善技術而造成無謂的成本投入與資源浪費,藉此達校舍改善永續節能之目的。
本研究在過往實證案例效率評比上,融入「經濟」價值與「環境」價值考量,擬議一套健全可行之校舍更新節能改善方法論,並以「資料包絡分析法」建構出校舍「節水改善」、「健康節能類」、「能源管控類」三大範疇之節能改善評估模式,發展量化、可視化且可供比對之節能改善數據資料庫與節能改善策略流程、步驟,提供校舍更新節能改善最適化評估,以達校園的永續發展願景。

In Taiwan, there are many cases of campuses facing poor initial planning, buildings in states of disrepair, or differences in time causing initial designs to be inadequate for current needs and purposes. In response to the practical issues such as declining birthrates, government initiatives to restructure and re-use old school campuses, environmental protection and energy conservation, the restructure and re-use of old buildings in school campuses to increase functionality and energy efficiency has become an important topic in the Taiwan Sustainable Campus Project. If the school renovation strategies are able to learn from past failures, emulate the successful experiences of previous cases, and propose better optimized strategy models on the existing foundations, new sustainable renovation thinking mindsets may be developed. Hence, this study will research and find solutions to the topics of: how to assist schools in developing an energy efficient strategy that is compatible with school development characteristics; how to assist schools to adopt and develop policies of sustainable energy efficiency; how to establish a comprehensive and feasible system for the assessment of school renovations and improvements, and provide scientific and quantitative assessment strategies.
In Taiwan, the green building improvements are mostly conducted in the form of “Projects”. Unfortunately, a set of specialized assessment system for providing an effective assessment of “School Renovations and Energy Efficiencies” has yet to exist. Through extensive collection of school renovation case studies in recent years, this study will incorporate the management philosophy of Eco-efficiency, use Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to assess the key Input / Output factors of energy conservation, and analyze efficiency, effectiveness and sensitivity via the DEA method, to assess the technical approaches of Taiwan localized “Improved Energy Efficiency”. On this basis, this study will propose improvement strategies and inspection forms suitable for the Taiwan school renovations to allow future school management and designers to avoid utilizing ineffective energy efficient technologies, which may lead to unnecessary investments and waste of resources, so as to achieve the objectives of Taiwan Sustainable Campuses.
Through the comparison of efficiency of previous case studies, this study integrates the consideration of “economic” values and “environmental” values to propose a sound and feasible school renovation methodology. Using the DEA method, the “Water Conservation”, “Health and Energy Conservation” and “Energy Management”, the three main categories of assessment models for energy efficient improvements, are built to provide a database for the quantification, visualization and comparison of energy efficient improvements and energy efficient strategy processes, offering assessment for best suitable campus renovation improvement for the vision of campus sustainable development.
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究範圍、方法與流程 2
1-3 研究目的 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2-1 導言 5
2-2國外校舍更新改善策略與指標解析 5
2-2-1 BREEAM Schools 7
2-2-2 CHPS 10
2-2-3 LEED 11
2-2-4 CASBEE 14
2-2-5 SBTool 16
2-3臺灣推動永續校園歷程探討 17
2-3-1 永續校園的緣起與發展 17
2-3-2 永續校園實質改造補助策略之演變 18
2-4 節能改善評估方法之擬議 21
2-4-1 環境效率評估系統之發展 21
2-4-2 擬議節能改善效率評估方式 23
2-5 小結 25
第三章 校舍更新節能改善效益之評估 27
3-1 導言 27
3-2 資料包絡分析法理論與應用 27
3-2-1 理論基礎 27
3-2-2 操作流程 31
3-3 案例解析與計算 34
3-3-1 校舍「節水類」改善效益分析 34
3-3-2 校舍「健康節能類」改善效益分析 43
3-3-3 校舍「能源管控類」改善效益分析 47
3-4 小結 50
第四章 節能改善策略模式之擬議 51
4-1 導言 51
4-2 校舍「節水類」改善策略 52
4-2-1 雨中水回收再利用 52
4-2-2 透水性鋪面 55
4-3 校舍「健康節能類」改善策略 57
4-3-1 燈具節能改善 57
4-3-2 室內溫熱與通風改善 59
4-4 校舍「能源管控類」改善策略 61
4-5 小結 63
第五章 結論與建議 65
5-1 結論 65
5-2 後續研究建議 67
參考文獻 69
附錄1. 教育部補助永續校園局部改造計畫作業要點 73
附錄2. 2002年~2013年永續校園計畫獲補助項目變動分析 81

中文文獻 (依作者筆畫遞增排序)
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2.江哲銘、周伯丞、李彥頤,2011,教育部99年度永續校園示範推動與成效分析計畫期末報告,教育部環保小組。
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4.李彥頤、蔡耀賢、程達隆、陳星皓,2014,103年度永續校園環境營造與輔導暨效益評估計畫期末報告,教育部資訊及科技教育司。
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6.周玉珍,2008,永續校園的生活實踐-以雨水回收再利用系統為例,北縣教育.中華民國九十七年十二月.第六十五期。
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10.荊樹人,2010,永續校園執行計畫—水資源再利用,永續校園2010期初綜合輔導會議手冊,教育部環保小組。
11.財團法人台灣建築中心,2011,民間建築物綠建築設計及改善工作追蹤勘查報告書,內政部營建署。
12.張桂鳳,2005,永續環境評估系統運用於臺灣地區建築物性能評價之研究,博士論文,國立成功大學建築研究所。
13.陳星皓,2006,臺灣國民小學永續校園實質環境評估之研究,博士論文,國立成功大學建築研究所。
14.陳書維,2010,導入安全防災觀點探討校園實質環境改造評估之研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學建築研究所。
15.曾俊達,2002,臺灣建材品質管理機制之研究,博士論文,國立成功大學建築研究所。
16.經濟部能源局,2002,學校節約能源技術手冊。
17.劉勝傑,2001,運用層級分析法之產品生態效益評估,碩士論文,國立成功大學資源工程學系。
18.羅椉元,2006,環境效率運用於臺灣地區建築物性能評價之研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學建築研究。 

英文文獻 (依作者英文字母遞增排序)
1.A.M. Hussen, Principles of Environmental Economic 2nd edition, Routledge, 172-174, 2000.
2.A.Y. Lewin, R.C. Morey, T.J. Cook, Evaluating the Administrative Efficiency of Courts, OMEGA,Vol.10,No.4,P.401-411,1982.
3.B. Golany, Y. Roll, An application procedure for DEA, Omega, Vol.17, No.3, 237-250,1989.
4.B. Jerry, H. Eva, L. Robert, Energy efficiency and policy in Swedish pulp and paper mills: A data envelopment analysis approach, Energy Policy42, 569–579, 2012.
5.B. John, City buildings—Eco-labels and shades of green! Landscape and Urban Planning 83 , 29–38, 2007.
6.C.M. Chiang, C.M. Lai, A Study on the Comprehensive Indication of Indoor Environment Assessment for Occupants Health in Taiwan, Building and Environment, NO.37 387-392, 2002 .
7.D.S. Chang, F.C. Yang, Assessing the power generation, pollution control, and overall efficiencies of municipal solid waste incinerators in Taiwan, Energy Policy 39, 651–663, 2011.
8.F.W. Yu , K.T. Chan, Improved energy management of chiller systems by multivariate and data envelopment analyses, Applied Energy 92, 168–174, 2012.
9.ISO21929-1 Sustainability in building construction-Sustainability indicators-Part1 :Framework for the development of indicators for building , 2006.
10.Karel Macek , Karel Marík, A methodology for quantitative comparison of control solutions and its application to HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) systems, Energy vol.31, Issue 1, August 2012, Pages 117–125 1-9, 2012.
11.L.T. Wong, K.W. Mui, P.S. Hui, A multivariate-logistic model for acceptance of indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in offices. Building and Environment, Vol. 43, Issue 1, Pages 1–6, 2008.
12.P. L. Chang, S. N. Hwang, W. Y. Cheng, Using Date Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Achievement and Change of Regional Development in Taiwan, Journal of Environmental Management,Vol.43, 49-66, 1995.
13.T.Y. Chen, A measurement of the resource utilization efficiency of university libraries, International journal of production economics 53, P.71-80,1997.
14.USGBC. LEED 2009 For SCHOOLS NEW CONSTRUCTION and MAJOR RENOVATIONS. 2008.
15.W. Chan, Energy benchmarking in support of low carbon hotels: Developments, challenges, and approaches in China, International Journal of Hospitality Management Vol. 31, Issue 4, 1130-1142, 2012.
16.Y. Roll, B. Golany, D. Seroussy, Measuring the efficiency of maintenance units in the Israeli Air Force. European Journal of Operational Research, 43(2), 136-142, 1989.
17.Y. T. LIAO, C. M. CHIANG, K. S. LIU, C. T. TZENG, Decision-making Factors of School Building Renovations for Improving Built Environment. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology 15, No 3A, 1246-1254, 2014.

網路資料 (依筆畫遞增排序)
CASBEE. Available at: http://www.ibec.or.jp/CASBEE/english/overviewE.htm . Accessed 12 April 2012.
LEED for Schools. Available at: http://www.usgbc.org . Accessed 12 April 2014.
UNCED. 1992. Agenda 21. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Available at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&nr=23&type=400 . Accessed 1 April 2013.
WCED . 1987. Our Common Future. UN Documents. Available at: http://www.un-documents.net/wced-ocf.htm . Accessed 1 April 2013.
台灣自來水公司,體驗學習-飲水思源(2014),取自:http://www.water.gov.tw/00home/TaiwanWater40/exhibition02.html ,取得日期:2015.05.17。
經濟部能源局,經濟部能源局-各類綠色能源檢核表,取自:http://www.google.com.tw/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CBwQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fschool.ncree.org.tw%2Ffiles%2Fcommon%2Fgreen%2Fcheck.doc&ei=-JRgVbbvDqbRmAWJh4LwDw&usg=AFQjCNGdw0uVhr4Z4IHqIJzvwdZp-xycMw&sig2=uN6EAhRXkSkQ8rilTVe5dg&bvm=bv.93990622,d.dGY ,取得日期:2015.03.20。
廖朝軒,雨水貯留收集之水資源利用效益及策略,氣候變遷下之水資源管理,取自:http://www.google.com.tw/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=9&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CFQQFjAI&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ctci.org.tw%2Fpublic%2FAttachment%2F181017105971.pdf&ei=Qkg3Ve-ZFNfl8AX37IAw&usg=AFQjCNH91olKkHfoF5skzaj0ODsKWD02Ug&sig2=wLYzEnnepj5wsL41329RLQ&bvm=bv.91071109,d.dGc ,取得日期:2015.04.22。

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