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研究生:王益宏
研究生(外文):Yi-HongWang
論文名稱:手性介質(Chiral medium)的能帶結構之探討與研究
論文名稱(外文):A study on band structure of Chiral medium
指導教授:舒宇宸舒宇宸引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Chen Shu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:數學系應用數學碩博士班
學門:數學及統計學門
學類:數學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:超材料手性材料介面條件能帶結構虛擬網格方法
外文關鍵詞:chiral mediumsmetamaterialsinterface conditionsband structuresghost point method
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在這篇論文中,我們探討手性材料的第一條與第二條能帶,並藉由推導介面條件得到波方程在週期結構的解析解。然而,由於係數矩陣的行列式過於複雜,我們無法直接從中得到手性材料頻率與波數的確切關係,因此我們提出了一個數值方法去克服這個困難。我們運用了有限差分法來解特徵值問題,得到頻率並代回係數矩陣的行列式,最後檢驗其誤差收斂性。從我們的數值結果顯示,我們得到第一條與第二條能帶的特徵值的二階收斂。除此之外,我們發現當在z方向的波數等於零的情況下,會有四階收斂現象發生。
In this thesis, we discuss the first and second band of chiral medium and derivate the interface conditions for obtaining electromagnetic plane wave solutions. Owing to the complicated determinant of coefficient matrix, we cannot obtain the explicit relation of frequency and wavenumber of chiral medium directly. Thus we propose the numerical method to overcome this difficulty. Furthermore, we apply finite difference method to solve the eigenvalue problem and substitute the frequency into the determinant of coefficient matrix. And we investigate the rate of convergences. From the numerical results, we obtain the second-order convergences of the first and second band. Besides, we discover forth-order convergences when wavenumber of z component is equal to zero.
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Photonic Crystal.......... 1
1.2 Metamaterials............ 4
1.3 Chiral mediums of Metamaterials....... 5
1.4 Aim of This Study........... 6
2 Chiral Mediums 8
2.1 Maxwell’s Equations.......... 8
2.2 Wavenumbers of Electromagnetic Wave in Complex Mediums... 10
2.3 Interface Conditions.......... 16
3 Numerical Method 22
3.1 Discretization of Maxwell’s equations....... 22
3.2 Discretization for Chiral Mediums....... 25
3.3 Ghost Point Method for Eigenfunction...... 27
4 Numerical Results 36
4.1 Band Structures of Conventional Mediums...... 36
4.1.1 Conventional Mediums without Interface..... 36
4.1.2 Periodic Conventional Mediums with Interface.... 38
4.2 Band Structures of Chiral Mediums........ 40
4.3 Interface Conditions between Vacuum and Chiral Mediums.. 42
5 Conclusion 51
Bibliography 52
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[17] M Yokota and Y Yamanaka. Dispersion relation and field distribution for a chiral slab waveguide. International Journal of Microwave And Optical Technology,Volume 1(1), 2006.
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