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研究生:凃秉杰
研究生(外文):Bing-jie Tu
論文名稱:潰壩流撞擊直立平板之流況分析
指導教授:周憲德
指導教授(外文):Hsien-Ter Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:潰壩流湧浪垂直牆衝擊壓力
外文關鍵詞:Dam-BreakSurgesVertical wallImpact pressure
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土石流及海嘯的流動過程中都屬於潰壩流的一種,而這些大自然災害破壞力相當巨大,對於人民的財產安全會造成嚴重的損失,而這些損失往往都是難以估計的,因此防範這些大自然的災害就變成重要的課題。
本研究經由二維渠槽進行一系列的潰壩流實驗,由於坡地溪床的縱坡約6o~9o,因此實驗除了水平底床的潰壩流實驗以外,也將渠槽裝置一個6o的傾斜底床來進行比較。潰壩流實驗採用五個不同的潰壩高度撞擊垂直平板,分析垂直平板不同高程處的壓力分佈、波前速度以及撞擊高度。實驗結果發現在越接近底床處越容易發生最大壓力,且也有較大的誤差,而傾斜底床測得最大的壓力約為水平底床1.2~1.5倍。裝置傾斜底床後流體波前的瞬時速度會越接近2√gH。流體撞擊垂直平板的高度可以得知壓力是否會有明顯峰值的現象發生,顯示撞擊高度與壓力的形成方式有很大的關係。

The movement of tsunamis and dam-break flows may cause enormous disasters during their paths due to their significant heights and velocities.
In this study, the dam-break flows are examined by performing experimental tests, which include dam-break surges on both a horizontal bed and an inclined slope of 6 o . Five different dam heights was arranged, and the pressure distribution on the downstream vertical plate due to the impact of surges are analyzed. The approaching surge velocity and height of flow impact upon the vertical plate were analyzed via the high-speed camera. The maximum pressure on the vertical plate locates close to the channel bed, and the pressure distribution follows an exponentially decay curve instead of a linear profile. The maximum pressures on the tilt bed are about 1.2 to 1.5 times the values of the horizontal bed. The approaching velocity of the surge front is close 2√gH on the tilt bed. The forces acting on the vertical wall can be found by the integration of pressure distribution on the wall, which depicts the same pattern for both the horizontal bed and the tilt bed.

摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究方法 2
1.4 論文架構 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1潰壩之波前特性 4
2.2潰壩相關之實驗 6
2.3 潰壩之衝擊壓力 8
2.4 潰壩之水面線 9
第三章 實驗配置與分析方法 10
3.1實驗設備 10
3.2實驗步驟 14
3.3 分析方法 15
3.3.1 壓力分析 15
3.3.2 潰壩流況分析 15
第四章 實驗結果與討論 17
4.1.1水平底床水面流況 17
4.1.2 水平底床波前速度與撞擊高度 30
4.1.3 水平底床撞擊壓力 34
4.2.1傾斜底床水面流況 43
4.2.2 傾斜底床波前與撞擊高度 54
4.2.3 傾斜底床撞擊壓力 58
4.3 平板與斜板之比較 67
4.4 總力計算與應用 68
第五章 結論與建議 69
5.1 結論 69
5.2 建議 70
參考文獻 71

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