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研究生:翁佩庭
研究生(外文):Pei-Ting Weng
論文名稱:應用後設分析探討家庭支持度對身心障礙者社會活動參與之影響
指導教授:王敏行王敏行引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming Hung Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:復健諮商研究所
學門:社會服務學門
學類:身心障礙服務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:家庭支持度身心障礙者社會活動參與後設分析方法
外文關鍵詞:family supportSocial participationMeta-analysis
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本研究旨在應用後設分析方法了解整體和各層面家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與間之關聯性,並探討調節變項對兩者間關聯性之影響。共有21文獻投入CMA2.0軟體來進行整體和各層面家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與間關聯性結果的計算,結果的呈現包括效果量r值、顯著性考驗(採用95%信賴區間),並考慮同質性(Q值)的分析、可解釋變異量(I²)、固定與隨機效果模式與成敗推估數(Nf.s)。此外,調節變項對兩者間關聯性之影響則以後設迴歸方式來計算。主要研究結果的發現:
一、整體家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與間具有「中度」且「正向」的關聯性。
二、實質性、情感性與訊息性家庭支持與身心障礙者社會活動參與間皆具顯著關聯性,其中以「實質性支持」關聯性最強,評價性支持則因可投入的文獻太少,而不予以討論。
三、影響家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與間關聯性之調節變項為性別、年齡和障礙類別。
最後,根據研究結論,對身心障礙者家人和服務提供者提出建議,作為促進身心障礙者社會活動參與的參考依據。
This thesis aims to apply meta-analysis to conclude the relationship between complete family support (and individual aspects of family support) and social participation of the disabled, and also discusses the impact of moderators (gender, age, disabled type, family income, parent’s education level and ethnic origin). 21 researches are referred to calculate the correlation between complete family support (and individual aspects of family support )and social participation of the disabled via CMA2.0 (statistics software). Calculation output interprets the effect size (r-value), test of significance (95% confidence interval), test of homogeneity (Q-value), percentage of variation across studies (I²), fixed and randomized effects model, and Fail-safe Number (Nf.s). Moreover, meta-regression method is applied to calculate the impact of moderators to these two variables.
Major conclusions of the thesis contains,
1. There is “mediate” and “positive” correlation between complete family support and social participation of the disabled.
2. There are all significant correlations between instrumental support、emotional support &; informational support and social participation of the disabled Among these correlations, instrumental support shows the most significance, and available researches of appraise support are too few to discuss.
3. Gender, age, and disabled type are significant moderators to impact the relationship between complete family support and social participation of the disabled.
Based on above research conclusions, this study proposes some programs and directions for the disabled family and the service providers to help them promote social participation.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
目錄 III
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章、 緒論 1
第一節、研究背景與動機 1
第二節、研究目的與研究問題 6
第三節、重要名詞釋義 8
第二章、 文獻探討 10
第一節、社會活動參與理論與研究 10
第二節、家庭支持理論與研究 18
第三節、家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與相關研究之探討 26
第四節、後設分析方法 34
第三章、 研究設計與實施 45
第一節、研究架構 45
第二節、研究假設 46
第三節、研究工具與資料處理 48
第四節、研究流程與步驟 54
第五節、研究對象 59
第六節、信效度 65
第四章、 研究結果分析與討論 67
第一節、整體家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與關聯性之分析 67
第二節、各層面家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與關聯性之分析 69
第三節、影響家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與關聯性之調節變項探討 75
第四節、綜合討論 82
第五章、 研究結論與建議 88
第一節、研究結論 89
第二節、研究建議 91
第三節、研究限制 95
參考文獻 97
中文部分 97
英文部分 100
附錄一、各調節變項計算方式說明 111
附錄二、家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與相關研究摘要表 116


圖目錄
圖1、 ICF構成要素間之交互影響作用圖(WHO, 2009) 3
圖2、 ICF構成要素間之交互作用圖(WHO, 2009) 11
圖3、 後設分析法研究步驟 41
圖4、 研究架構圖 45
圖5、 研究流程圖 54
圖6、 文獻篩選過程與結果圖 63


表目錄
表1. WHO 對於活動與參與之分類 13
表2. WHO 對於環境因素之分類 19
表3. 傳統文獻法和後設分析法之優缺點比較 37
表4. 文獻資料登錄說明摘要表 57
表5. 各收錄文獻目錄表 64
表6. 整體家庭支持度與身心障礙者社會活動參與之關聯性摘要表 68
表7. 各層面家庭支持度與社會活動參與之相關係數整理 69
表8. 實質性家庭支持與身心障礙者社會活動參與之關聯性摘要表 71
表9 訊息性家庭支持與身心障礙者社會活動參與之關聯性摘要表 72
表10. 情感性家庭支持與身心障礙者社會活動參與之關聯性摘要表 73
表11. 調節變項資料摘要表 76
表12. 男性比投入後設迴歸結果摘要表 78
表13. 年齡比(>12歲)投入後設迴歸結果摘要表 79
表14. 障礙類別投入後設迴歸結果摘要表 79
表15. 家庭收入投入後設迴歸結果摘要表 80
表16. 家長教育程度投入後設迴歸結果摘要表 81
表17. 白種人比投入後設迴歸結果摘要表 81


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