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研究生(外文):Hsin-Yuan Chen
論文名稱(外文):A study of triggered non-volcanic tremors in the Longitudinal Valley of Eastern Taiwan
指導教授(外文):Wen-Yen Chang
外文關鍵詞:non-volcanic tremorLongitudinal Valleydynamic stress
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台灣位於歐亞大陸板塊與菲律賓海板塊的聚合交界地帶,斷層構造非常複雜,尤其位於台灣東部地區,全長超過150公里的花東縱谷 (Longitudinal Valley)。而透過非火山微震 (non-volcanic tremor) 的觀測與分析不僅有助於我們了解其發生所需要的條件,也可以對於深部的斷層活動及相關的物理性質有更進一步的認識。非火山微震是一種振幅較小且持續時間較長的訊號且不具有明顯實體波之波相,通常發生於隱沒帶的板塊邊界附近。本研究藉由佈置於台灣地區的台灣寬頻地震網 (Broadband Array in Taiwan for Seismology) 及中央氣象局地震觀測網 (Central Weather Bureau Seismic Network) 之地震站,利用其所記錄之地震資料經由帶通濾波 (band-pass filter) 2-8赫茲的表面波波形後以人工肉眼方式觀察、探討花東縱谷地區之非火山微震。根據2005-2014年間的遠震紀錄,總共檢測到五筆在花東縱谷中的觸發性微震,及兩筆可能的觸發事件,並使用HYPO71進行地震定位,其震央主要集中於花東縱谷南段區域,靠近池上斷層 (Chih-Shang fault),震源深度約在30-40公里之間,分佈於一般地震帶之下,擁有相對周圍P波及S波速度比值較高之區域。進一步分析觸發潛因後可得知,表面波振幅為影響觸發之主要因素之一。當地動速度峰值 (peak ground velocity) >0.02公分/秒,動態應力大約2-3千帕,便有可能於花東縱谷中觸發非火山微震。
Taiwan is located at the margin of the Eurasian Plate and the Philippine Sea Plate, which is a subduction zone between these two plates and the fault structures are rather complicated and dense seismicity, especially the Longitudinal Valley (LV) in eastern Taiwan. Non-volcanic tremor (NVT) is a seismic signal with low amplitude and long duration. NVT is often occurred below the seismogenic zone, which is between the lower crust and upper mantle, and the arrival time data of the body wave is difficult to be collected. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the physical mechanisms of NVT in several steps. First, in the investigation of the teleseismic earthquake data from the U.S. Geological Survey in 2005 to 2014, thirty-five potential teleseismic earthquakes are selected. Second, the seismograms are collected from the Broadband Array in Taiwan for Seismology (BATS) and Central Weather Bureau Seismic Network (CWBSN) for these thirty-five potential teleseismic earthquakes. Third, the Seismic Analysis Code is used to select the seismograms from seven possible events which satisfied the conditions of triggering tremor during the passage of the surface wave. Forth, a band-pass filter is applied to retain the frequency with the range of 2-8 HZ of the surface waveform. Finally, visually determination for the tremor signals. The experimental results show that five certainly NVT events and two potential triggered events were found in the LV zone of eastern Taiwan. The locations of the hypocenters were then estimated using HYPO71 for these five certain events. According to the estimated hypocenters, the sources of NVT are possibly beneath the southern region of LV, close to the Chih-Shang fault. Moreover, these estimated hypocenters are within the high Vp/Vs ratio region and in depth of 30-40 km. The further analysis found that the amplitude of the surface wave is one of the key factors that when the peak ground velocity > 0.02cm/s, which equivalents to 2-3kPa dynamic stress, might trigger tremors.
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究區域地質概況 4
第二章 文獻回顧 9
2.1 非火山微震之特性 9
2.2 觸發性非火山微震 14
第三章 研究方法 19
3.1 HYPO71地震定位 19
第四章 資料處理與分析 23
4.1 資料來源篩選 23
4.2 資料處理流程 27
第五章 結果與討論 35
5.1 研究結果 35
5.1.1 2014-索羅門群島地震 36
5.1.2 2009-安達曼群島地震 40
5.1.3 2005-尼亞斯島地震 44
5.1.4 2007-蘇門答臘地震 48
5.1.5 2011-日本東北地震 52
5.1.6 其他可能的觸發事件 56
5.2 觸發潛因分析 61
5.3 討論 66
第六章 結論 73
參考文獻 75

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