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研究生:高瑞揚
論文名稱:動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對國小學生在水的三態變化概念理解和對自然課的態度影響之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):The impact of different sequences of hands-on and computer simulation instructional strategies on elementary school students’ science conceptual understanding and attitudes toward science class of the state changes of water
指導教授:王姿陵王姿陵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzu-Ling Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹教育大學
系所名稱:科學教育教學碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:水的三態變化概念改變另有概念動手做教學電腦模擬教學
外文關鍵詞:state changes of waterconceptual changealternative conceptionshands-on instructioncomputer-simulation instruction
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本研究的目的在探討動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對國小三年級學生在水的三態變化學習成就、概念理解與對自然課的態度的影響。
本研究採準實驗研究設計,參與的樣本來自一所公立國小三年級四個班級的學生,共 116 人。參與的四個班級分別隨機選派兩班至實驗組A (動手做-電腦模擬教學) 和實驗組B (電腦模擬-動手做教學)。研究工具包含水的三態變化成就測驗、水的三態變化概念診斷問卷以及對自然課的態度量表。資料分析採用獨立樣本單因子共變數分析(one-way ANCOVA) 和卡方檢定 (chi-square)。
本研究的重要發現如下:
一、動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對學生在水的三態變化學習成就沒有顯著差異。
二、動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對學生在蒸發、凝結與沸騰時的蒸發與凝結概念理解沒有顯著差異。
三、動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序似乎對學生在蒸發概念理解最好,其次是凝結概念理解,而沸騰時的蒸發與凝結概念理解最差。
四、動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對學生對自然課的態度沒有顯著差異。

This study investigates the effects of different sequences of hands-on and computer-simulation instructional strategies on third grade elementary school students’ science achievement, their understanding of concepts in the domain of the state changes of water, and their attitudes toward science class.
A quasi-experimental design was used for this study. One hundred and sixteen third grade students from four science classes in an elementary school participated in this study. Of the four science classes, two were assigned as the experimental group A (hands on - computer simulation instruction), and the other two were assigned as the experimental group B (computer simulation – hands on instruction), respectively. Three instruments, the State Changes of Water Achievement Test, the Concept Diagnostic Questionnaire, and the Attitudes Toward Science Class Survey were used to collect data. Research data were analyzed through one-way ANCOVA and chi-square techniques.
The major findings of this study are as follows :
1. No significant difference was found in the two groups’ science achievement for the domain of state changes of water.
2. No significant difference was found in the two groups’ understanding for the concepts of evaporation, condensation, evaporation and condensation in the process of boiling.
3. Both sequences of instructional strategies seem to improve students’ understanding of evaporation most effectively, followed by condensation and evaporation and condensation in the process of boiling.
4. No significant difference was found in the two groups’ attitudes toward science class.

Keywords: state changes of water, conceptual change, alternative conceptions,
hands-on instruction, computer-simulation instruction

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的與問題 2
第三節 名詞釋義 2
第四節 研究範圍與限制 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 建構主義與概念改變 5
第二節 動手做與電腦模擬教學的優勢 7
第三節 動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序的實證研究 11
第四節 水的三態變化迷思概念的相關研究 14
第三章 研究方法與設計 17
第一節 研究架構 17
第二節 研究流程 19
第三節 研究設計 21
第四節 研究對象 22
第五節 研究教材 23
第六節 研究工具 25
第七節 實驗教學教材內容 30
第八節 資料收集與分析 34
第四章 研究結果與討論 37
第一節 動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對學生自然科學習成就的影響 37
第二節 動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對學生對自然課的態度的影響 39
第三節 動手做與電腦模擬不同教學順序對學生概念理解的影響 40
第五章 結論與建議 47
引用文獻
一、中文部分 49
二、英文部分 50
附錄
附錄一 水的三態變化成就測驗 59
附錄二 對自然課的態度量表 62
附錄三 水的三態變化概念診斷問卷 66
附錄四 教案設計

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