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研究生:王志宏
研究生(外文):CHIH-HUNG, WANG
論文名稱:神經肌肉訓練對女性籃球愛好者膝關節本體感覺與落地衝擊力之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Neuromuscular Training on Knee Joint Proprioception and Landing Force in Female Basketball Amateur
指導教授:黎俊彥黎俊彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Alex, J. Y. Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹教育大學
系所名稱:體育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:增強式訓練核心訓練抗力球神經肌肉控制
外文關鍵詞:plyometric trainingcore trainingswiss ballneuromuscular control
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神經肌肉訓練 (Neuromuscular training, NT) 是一種促進肌肉協調與增進運動表現的訓練方法,可改善運動員的神經肌肉控制,進而增進運動表現,本研究目的在探討6週NT對女性籃球愛好者本體感覺與落地衝擊力的影響。24位女性籃球愛好者,以自願參與方式,分為NT組與控制組,兩組皆進行每週3次,每次90分鐘之籃球專項訓練,而NT組需額外進行連續6週,每週3次,每次50分鐘,結合增強式和核心訓練之NT。本體感覺以電子角度計測試負重與非負重兩種動作模式,進行三種膝關節復位目標角度(屈曲20°、45°和60°),以個體隨機角度與測試時目標角度的誤差角度 (AE) 作為評估,落地衝擊力以AMTI三軸測力板測得參數包括:到峰值時間 (sec)、最大垂直地面反作用力 (F/BW)、作用力負荷速率 (BW/sec)、落地到膝關節最大屈曲時間 (sec) 和最大關節彎曲角度 (angle)。所得結果以單因子共變數分析 (ANCOVA) 比較兩組間訓練前後各變項與變化量之差異,統計顯著水準皆定為α = .05。結果顯示6週NT在實驗組在負重測試45度 (F= 6.74, p<.05)、非負重測試慣用腳45度 (F= 4.41, p<.05),最大垂直地面反作用力 (F= 5.07, p<.05) 及最大關節彎曲角度有顯著差異 (F= 5.84, p<.05) 有顯著差異。本研究結論為6週額外增加之神經肌肉訓練可有效改善女性籃球愛好者本體感覺中負重測試與非負重測試45度,減少最大垂直地面反作用力、增加最大膝關節彎曲角度。
Neuromuscular training (NT) is a kind of exercise drill to improve the coordination and performance in sports. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 6-weeks NT on knee joint proprioception and landing force in female basketball Amateurs. Twenty-Four female basketball amateurs were assigned into NT or control groups by volunteer. All the players were underwent regular basketball practice, 90 minutes, 3 times per week for 6 weeks, but the NT group underwent extra NT which was combined with plyometric and core training, 50 minutes, 3 times per week for 6 weeks during this period. Knee proprioception was measured as joint position sense (JPS) in weight bearing (body weight) and non-weight bearing (sitting) situations at knee flexion 20°, 45° and 60°. A 30-cm high box, AMTI force plate (1500 Hz) and Noraxon system were used for the data collection.The subjects stood on their dominant legs on the box and then drop landed on the force plate during the measurement. Analysis of covariance (One-way ANOVA) was used to compare the different change between groups before and after training for each parameter, the statistic significance was set at α = .05. After training, there was a significant differences at 45° test angle in weight-bearing test (F = 6.74, p<.05), 45° test angle in dominant leg non-weight-bearing test (F = 4.41, p<.05). The PLF was significantly decreased (F= 5.07, p<.05; F= 4.86, p<.05) and the ROM was significantly increased after training. It is conclude that 6-weeks NT can improve the knee joint proprioception and landing force in female basketball amateurs.
目次
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目次 III
表次 V
圖次 VII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究假設 3
第四節 研究範圍與限制 3
第五節 名詞解釋與操作性定義 4
第貳章 文獻探討 5
第一節 神經肌肉訓練之相關研究 5
第二節 本體感覺測量方法與運動訓練之相關研究 10
第三節 膝關節運動傷害與落地衝擊力之相關研究 18
第四節 文獻探討總結 20
第參章 研究方法與步驟 21
第一節 研究架構 21
第二節 研究對象 22
第三節 實驗設計 23
第四節 實驗流程 32
第五節 資料處理與分析 33
第肆章 結果 34
第一節 受試者基本生理特性分析 34
第二節 不同組別在訓練前後本體感覺表現 35
第三節 不同組別在訓練前後落地衝擊力表現 43
第伍章 討論 49
第一節 本體感覺的影響 49
第二節 落地衝擊力的影響 53
第陸章 結論與建議 60
參考文獻 62
附錄一 68
附錄二 69

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1. 王進華、張曉昀、蔚順華(2000)。本體感覺在運動傷害處理與復健所扮演之角 色,大專體育,47,66-76。
2. 王進華、張曉昀、蔚順華(2000)。本體感覺在運動傷害處理與復健所扮演之角 色,大專體育,47,66-76。
3. 周琪偉、林吟亮、王子娟(2008)。肩痛症狀壘球選手肩部關節位置覺與無肩痛選手之比較:個案報告。物理治療。33(6),390-396頁。
4. 周琪偉、林吟亮、王子娟(2008)。肩痛症狀壘球選手肩部關節位置覺與無肩痛選手之比較:個案報告。物理治療。33(6),390-396頁。
5. 張曉昀、蔚順華(1999)。肌肉疲勞對本體感覺之影響。中華體育季刊,12(5),69-75。
6. 張曉昀、蔚順華(1999)。肌肉疲勞對本體感覺之影響。中華體育季刊,12(5),69-75。
7. 許孟霖、林晉利(2009)。神經肌肉訓練降低非接觸性前十字韌帶傷害之效果。大專體育,101,210-216。
8. 許孟霖、林晉利(2009)。神經肌肉訓練降低非接觸性前十字韌帶傷害之效果。大專體育,101,210-216。
9. 郭藍遠、楊志鴻、林千芬、吳汶蘭、王靜怡、張志仲 (2006)。踝關節貼紮對平衡和高處著地緩衝能力的影響。物理治療,31(2), 81-86。
10. 郭藍遠、楊志鴻、林千芬、吳汶蘭、王靜怡、張志仲 (2006)。踝關節貼紮對平衡和高處著地緩衝能力的影響。物理治療,31(2), 81-86。
11. 陳君豪、楊雅如、王瑞瑤(2005)。網球運動能力之分析-以下肢為探討方向。物理治療。30(4),177-183頁。
12. 陳君豪、楊雅如、王瑞瑤(2005)。網球運動能力之分析-以下肢為探討方向。物理治療。30(4),177-183頁。
13. 黃奕銘、鴻宗穎、念裕祥、張雅如、湯文慈(2011)。電刺激增加感覺輸入之肌力訓練對前十字韌帶損傷者股四頭肌自主活化與落地表現的影響。大專體育學刊,13(3), 327-336。
14. 黃奕銘、鴻宗穎、念裕祥、張雅如、湯文慈(2011)。電刺激增加感覺輸入之肌力訓練對前十字韌帶損傷者股四頭肌自主活化與落地表現的影響。大專體育學刊,13(3), 327-336。
15. 葉益銘、黃士魁、林正仰(2009)。六週抗力球訓練對棒球選手核心肌群與專項運動能力之影響。運動教練科學,16,15-28。