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研究生:劉東昇
論文名稱:十二週有氧運動對高中女學生認知功能之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of 12-Week Aerobic Exercise on High School Female Student's Cognitive Functions
指導教授:潘倩玉 博士
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:體育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:認知功能有氧運動高中女生
外文關鍵詞:cognitive functionaerobic exercisehigh school female student
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十二週有氧運動對高中女學生認知功能之影響
中文摘要
目的:旨在探討十二週有氧運動課程對高中女學生認知功能之影響。研究參與者為40位年齡介於15-16歲之高中女學生。方法:以校內公開招募方式將研究參與者分為實驗組 (n = 20) 與控制組 (n = 20)。實驗組於早上07:30 - 08:00接受十二週(每週三次、每次30分鐘)有氧舞蹈教學,控制組維持正常作息但不參與有氧舞蹈教學。所有研究參與者在十二週有氧舞蹈教學課程介入前後分別接受威斯康辛卡片分類測驗電腦版進行認知功能的測量。獲得之資料以混合設計二因子(組別 x 時間;2 x 2)變異數分析來考驗運動介入的成效,統計考驗顯著水準皆定為α = .05。結果:(一)時間主要效果部分:研究參與者在正確總數 (F = 18.70, p < .01)、固執性反應 (F = 12.78, p < .01)、固執性錯誤 (F = 5.94, p < .05)、非固執性錯誤 (F = 37.36, p < .01)、反應的概念水準 (F = 6.45, p < .05) 皆有顯著進步。(二)組別主要效果部份:實驗組與控制組則無顯著差異存在。(三)時間與組別交互作用,只有正確總數 (F = 7.39, p < .01) 以及非固執性錯誤 (F = 5.64, p < .05) 達顯著差異。結論:由本研究顯示,十二週有氧運動介入對高中女學生部分認知功能指標具有成效。

關鍵詞:認知功能、有氧運動、高中女生


The Effects of 12-Week Aerobic Exercise on High School Female Student's Cognitive Functions
Abstract
Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of 12-week aerobic exercise on the cognitive functions of high school female students. Forty high school female students, aged between 15-16, participated. Methods: The participants were publicly recruited on campus and were divided into an experimental group (n = 20) and a control group (n = 20). The experimental group took a 30-min aerobic dance program from 07:30 to 08:00, three times a week, for 12 consecutive weeks, while the control group maintained their usual activities without participating in the exercise program throughout this period of time. The cognitive functions of all the participants were assessed using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) before and after the exercise intervention. Data were analyzed by two-way mixed-design (group×time; 2×2) ANOVA to find the effectiveness of the exercise intervention. The level of significance for the test was α=.05. Results: (1) The main effect of time: All the participants showed a significant improvement in correct categories (F=18.70, p<.01), perseverative responses (F=12.78, p<.01); perseverative errors (F=5.94, p<.05), non-perseverative errors (F=37.36, p<.01); and conceptual level responses (F=6.45, p<.05). (2) The main effect of group: No significance difference existed between the experimental group and the control group. (3) The interaction effect between time and group: Differences were significant only in terms of correct categories (F=7.39, p<.01) and non-perseverative errors (F=5.64, p<.05). Conclusion: The 12-week aerobic exercise intervention was effective in improving parts of the cognitive functions assessed by the WCST of high school female students.

Keywords: cognitive function; aerobic exercise; high school female student.

目次
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究假設 4
第四節 名詞操作性定義 4
第五節 研究範圍與限制 5
第貳章 文獻探討 6
第一節 運動對認知功能的影響 6
第二節 急性有氧運動對兒童及青少年認知功能的影響 7
第三節 長期有氧運動對兒童及青少年認知功能的影響 10
第四節 文獻小結 19
第參章 研究方法 21
第一節 研究設計 21
第二節 研究參與者 21
第三節 十二週有氧運動課程 22
第四節 研究工具 22
第五節 研究程序 24
第六節 資料處理與統計分析 25
第肆章 研究結果 26
第一節 研究參與者基本資料 26
第二節 研究參與者認知功能前後測之平均數、標準差 26
第三節 運動介入後認知功能之差異情形 28
第伍章 討論 33
第陸章 結論與建議 40
第一節 結論 40
第二節 研究建議及未來研究方向 40
參考文獻 42
一、中文部分 42
二、英文部分 43
表目錄
表4-1 實驗組與控制組十二週有氧運動介入前後之認知功能表現 27
表4-2 混合設計二因子變異數分析結果 29
表4-3 正確總數交互作用簡單的主要效果分析 31
表4-4 非固執性錯誤的簡單主要效果分析 32

圖目錄
圖1 實驗設計 21

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