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研究生:楊宗祐
研究生(外文):Yang, Chung Yu
論文名稱:雙RELAP5核能電廠系統動態模擬與分析工作平台製作技術之發展與應用
論文名稱(外文):Development and Application of Dual RELAP5 Whole Plant Dynamic Simulation Platform for Nuclear Power Plant
指導教授:施純寬陳紹文陳紹文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih, Chun KuanChen, Shao Wen
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:核子工程與科學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:核子工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:254
中文關鍵詞:核能電廠模擬器功率轉換系統均質平衡臨界流模式
外文關鍵詞:Nuclear Power PlantSimulatorPower Conversion SystemHomogeneous Equilibrium Critical Flow Model
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本研究整合核能電廠之安全分析技術及系統模擬技術,制定一套標準化的程序,用以製作雙RELAP5電廠系統動態模擬與分析工作平台。本研究制定之工作平台製作程序包括:工作平台製作流程、RELAP5計算模組執行檔編譯程序、個別模式建立與驗證程序、模式整合程序等。本研究以龍門電廠為對象,製作電廠專屬的雙RELAP5電廠系統動態模擬與分析工作平台,用以驗證及確認所制定之工作平台製作標準化程序的可施行性。
雙RELAP5核能電廠系統動態模擬與分析工作平台,以商用視窗化之電腦模擬平台為基礎架構。工作平台整併了二個RELAP5計算模組,一個RELAP5模組用以模擬反應器系統及圍阻體系統的雙相熱水流現象,並用以計算爐心核燃料的中子物理反應;而另一個RELAP5模組則用以模擬功率轉換系統的雙相熱水流現象。電廠之控制系統、安全保護系統,以及資訊監測系統,使用平台內建的控制邏輯演算模組及熱水流計算模組進行模擬。
本研究成功製作完成龍門電廠專屬之雙RELAP5電廠系統動態模擬與分析工作平台,完成所制定工作平台製作標準化程序之可施行性的驗證與確認。工作平台具備設計之模擬與計算能力,本研究使用工作平台,成功完成多項支援電廠起動測試的應用。工作平台之應用項目包括:汽機帶動飼水泵性能曲線提供、飼水控制系統起動測試模擬、汽機帶動飼水泵流量需求與速度需求對應關係提供、功率測試模擬與比對等。
為了擴展龍門電廠專屬之雙RELAP5電廠系統動態模擬與分析工作平台的應用範圍,本研究完成RELAP5計算能力的精進,以及RELAP5模式的更新。本研究完成RELAP5程式之均質平衡臨界流計算能力的建立與驗證。此外,本研究根據最新的電廠功率轉換系統熱平衡資料,完成功率轉換系統RELAP5模擬模式的更新與驗證。
In this study, the safety analysis technology and the system simulation technology for the nuclear power plant were integrated and a set of standardized procedures were created to build a dual RELAP5 whole plant simulation and analysis platform (the dual RELAP5 platform). The designed procedures are the platform development flowchart, the RELAP5 module execution file generation procedure, the implementation and verification procedure of the plant system simulation model, and the integration procedure of the plant system models.
The Lungmen plant-specific dual RELAP5 platform (the Lungmen platform) was built successfully in this study. The development of the Lungmen platform was to verify the workability of the created standardized procedures. A commercial Windows-based computer simulation platform was used as the base of the Lungmen platform. There are two RELAP5 modules in the Lungmen platform. They are used to simulate the thermal-hydraulic phenomena in the reactor system, the containment system, and the power conversion system and to calculate the kinetic responses in the reactor core. The control systems, the safety protection systems, and the monitoring systems of the Lungmen plant were modeled using the platform built-in modules.
The Lungmen platform has the designed simulation and calculation capabilities. It was applied successfully to support the plant startup test. The applications are the turbine-driven reactor feedwater pump performance curve calculations, the startup test simulations of the feedwater control system, the function table generations for the turbine-driven reactor feedwater pump flow demand and speed demand conversion, and the plant power test simulations and comparisons.
In order to extend the applications of the Lungmen platform, the capability of the RELAP5 code and the simulation of the RELAP5 model were improved. The homogeneous equilibrium critical flow model was merged into the RELAP5 code. And the power conversion system RELAP5 simulation model of the Lungmen platform was updated according to the most up-to-date plant heat balance data.
摘要 i
Abstract iii
致謝 v
目錄 vii
表目錄 xi
圖目錄 xiii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究目的 6
第二章 技術發展 7
2.1 平台及程式介紹 13
2.2 平台計算能力擴展 15
2.2.1 RELAP5計算模組連結與驗證 15
2.2.2 介面資訊交換及計算同步方式 23
2.2.3 介面資訊傳遞方式 24
2.3 個別模式建立與驗證 26
2.3.1 模擬範圍 28
2.3.2 參考資料 30
2.3.3 模式建立 39
2.3.4 模式驗證 50
2.4 個別模式整合與驗證 58
2.4.1 模式整合 58
2.4.2 整合驗證 61
2.5 人機介面製作與測試 72
第三章 技術應用 95
3.1 汽機帶動飼水泵性能曲線提供 95
3.2 飼水控制系統起動測試模擬 98
3.2.1 反應器升溫測試 98
3.2.2 反應器低功率測試 115
3.2.3 反應器中功率測試 131
3.2.4 反應器高功率測試 154
3.3 汽機帶動飼水泵流量需求與速度需求對應關係提供 166
3.4 功率測試模擬與比對 169
3.4.1 喪失飼水加熱測試 170
3.4.2 一台飼水泵跳脫測試 176
3.4.3 一台爐內泵跳脫測試 180
3.4.4 三台爐內泵跳脫測試 186
3.4.5 喪失廠外電源暨汽機與發電機跳脫測試 193
3.4.6 汽機跳脫測試 199
3.4.7 棄載測試 205
3.4.8 急速降載測試 211
3.4.9 反應器全隔離測試 217
第四章 RELAP5計算能力及模擬模式精進 223
4.1 RELAP5均質平衡臨界流計算能力建立 223
4.2 功率轉換系統RELAP5模擬模式更新 230
第五章 結語 245
第六章 未來展望 249
第七章 參考文獻 251
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