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研究生:林美瑩
研究生(外文):Mei-Ying Lin
論文名稱:夏洛特˙史密斯於《哀輓十四行詩》與《老莊園》中的自我鏡像投射
論文名稱(外文):The Mirroring of Self in Charlotte Smith’s Elegiac Sonnets and The Old Manor House
指導教授:吳雅鳳吳雅鳳引用關係
口試委員:高瑟儒無易道
口試日期:2015-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:外國語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:夏洛特史密斯哀輓十四行詩老莊園鏡像投射女性主義
外文關鍵詞:Charlotte Smiththe Elegiac SonnetsThe Old Manor Housemirroringfeminism
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本論文以跨文類分析的角度來檢視夏洛特˙史密斯兩項作品:《哀輓十四行詩》與《老莊園》中的相似性與相互指涉。大多數研究史密斯的學者傾向於將她的詩作與小說分開解讀,然而跨文類的分析比對能夠提供更為靈活的觀點來檢視作者主體建構的過程。藉由研究史密斯挑戰文類規範的邊界,本論文旨在辯證其顛覆性與前瞻性的女性主義思維,承襲自朱迪絲˙帕斯科著作《浪漫時期的戲劇性展演:性別、詩,與群觀》當中的論點。
夏洛特˙史密斯作為一個高度自我覺知的作家,能在不同作品當中巧妙地運用變化多樣的意象、言語以及角色,來塑造其感染作者本身情感與思想的人格。在《哀輓十四行詩》中,史密斯透過不同的角色來描繪出各種孤寂苦難的人格意象,而其中有如歌德小說女主角般的角色塑造,呼應了她另一部歌德愛情小說《老莊園》。同樣地,小說中的男主角奧蘭多也散發著與《哀輓十四行詩》詩中與序中所呈現的「哭泣的史密斯」相去不遠的憂鬱氣息。此種鏡像投射般的人格塑造,與揉合不同文類的寫作手法,展現出史密斯對於自我的探討以及對於父權傳統的批判。


This thesis proposes a cross-genre study of Charlotte Smith’s Elegiac Sonnets and The Old Manor House to analyze their similitude and inter-referentiality. Most critics tend to separate Smith’s sonnets from her novels, while a cross-genre comparison offers a possibility to examine the author’s construction of subjectivity, which is fluid and volatile. By investigating this challenge against generic boundaries, this study aims to argue for Smith’s subversive proto-feminist stance, a notion foregrounded in Judith Pascoe’s Romantic Theatricality: Gender, Poetry, and Spectatorship.
Charlotte Smith is a highly self-aware writer who skilfully manipulates multiple images, voices, and characters to shape a persona saturated with her own feelings and sentiments. In the Elegiac Sonnets, an image of a forlorn and suffering woman is portrayed through numerous roles, among which the depiction of a Gothic heroine resonates with Smith’s Gothic romance The Old Manor House. Similarly, in the novel, the hero Orlando is imbued with a melancholic hue not far from that of the “weeping Charlotte” performed and publicized in both the sonnets and its preface. This deployment of the mirroring symmetry of persona-making, as well as the mix of generic conventions, helps to reveal Smith’s exploration of selfhood and her questioning of the patriarchal traditions.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract (English)……………………………………………………………………i

Abstract (Chinese)…………………………………………………………………ii

Table of Contents……………………………………………………………………iii

Chapter One: Introduction: About the Elegiac Sonnets and The Old Manor House ….…………………………………………………………1

Chapter Two: Chasing “the Shadowy Phantom”: Rediscover the Elegiac Sonnets as a Gothic Representation………………………………………………………………………………15

Chapter Three: Finding the Melancholic Poet in The Old Manor House………………………………………………………………………………………35

Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………54

Works Cited………………………………………………………………………………………58









Works Cited
Primary Source
Smith, Charlotte, and Stuart Curran. The Works of Charlotte Smith. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2005. Print.
Smith, Charlotte Turner, and Jacqueline M. Labbe. The Old Manor House. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview, 2002. Print.

Secondary Source
Alexander, Meena. Women in Romanticism : Mary Wollstonecraft, Dorothy Wordsworth, and Mary Shelley. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989. Print.
Bartolomeo, Joseph F. "Subversion of Romance in The Old Manor House." Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 33.3 (1993): 645. Web.
Boyd, Diane E. “‘Professing Drudge’: Charlotte Smiths Negotiation of a Mother-Writer Author Function.” South Atlantic Review 66.1 (2001): 145-166. Print.
Critical Review, The. “The Old Manor House.” 8 (May 1793):44-54
Curran, Stuart. The Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993. Print.
---. "Charlotte Smith and British Romanticism." South Central Review 11.2 (1994): 66. Web.
Dolan, Elizabeth A. “British Romantic Melancholia: Charlotte Smith’s Elegiac Sonnets, Medical Discourse, and the Problem of Sensibility.” Journal of European Studies 33 (2003): 237–53. Print.
Ellis, Katherine. “Charlotte Smith''s Subversive Gothic.” Feminist Studies 3.3 (1976): 51-55. Print.
Fletcher, Loraine. Charlotte Smith: A Critical Biography. New York: St. Martin''s Press, 1998. Print.
Heiland, Donna. Gothic & Gender : An Introduction. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2004. Print.
Kilgour, Maggie. The Rise of the Gothic Novel. London: Routledge, 1995. Print.
King, Kathryn R. “Of Needles and Pens and Women’s Work” Tulsa Studies in Women’s literature. 14.1 (Spring 1995):77-93. Print.
Knowles, Claire. Sensibility and Female Poetic Tradition, 1780-1860: The Legacy of Charlotte Smith. Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2009. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M. Charlotte Smith : Romanticism, Poetry, and the Culture of Gender. New York: Distributed exclusively in the USA by Palgrave, 2003. Print.
---. Charlotte Smith in British Romanticism. The Enlightenment World ;. Brookfield, Vt.: Pickering & Chatto, 2008. Print.
---. “Selling One’s Sorrows: Charlotte Smith, Mary Robinson, and the Marketing of the Poetry.” The Wordsworth Circle 25.2 (1994): 68-71. Print.
---. “Metaphoricity and the Romance of Property in ‘The Old Manor House’.” A Forum on Fiction 34.2 (2001): 216-231. Print.
---. Writing Romanticism: Charlotte Smith and William Wordsworth, 1784-1807. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print.
Lanser, Susan S. “Writing Women into Romanticism”. Feminist Studies 23.3 (1997): 225-264. Print.
Massé, Michelle A. In the Name of Love: Women, Masochism, and the Gothic. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1992. Print.
Mckillop, Alan Dugald. "Charlotte Smith''s Letters." Huntington Library Quarterly 15.3 (1952): 237-55. Web.
Nordius, Janina. “‘A Kind of Living Death’: Gothicizing the Colonial Encounter in Charlotte Smith''s The Old Manor House.” English Studies 86.1 (2005): 40-50. Print.
Pascoe, Judith. Romantic Theatricality: Gender, Poetry, and Spectatorship. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1997. Print.
Pratt, Kathryn. “Charlotte Smith''s Melancholia on the Page and Stage.” Studies in English Literature 41.3 (Summer 2001): 563-581. Print.
Punter, David. A New Companion to the Gothic. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Print.
Rajan, Tilottama, and Julia M. Wright. Romanticism, History, and the Possibilities of Genre: Re-forming Literature, 1789-1837. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998. Print.
Robinson, Daniel. “Elegiac Sonnets: Charlotte Smith''s Formal Paradoxy.” Papers on Language and Literature 39.2 (Spring 2003): 185-221. Print.
Rogers, Katharine M. “Inhibitions on Eighteenth-Century Women Novelists: Elizabeth Inchbald and Charlotte Smith” American society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 11.1 (Autumn 1977) 63-78. Print.
---. “Romantic Aspirations, Restricted Possibilities: The Novels o Charlotte Smith.” Re-Visioning Romanticism: British Women Writers, 1776-1837. New York: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994. Print.
Ross, Marlon Bryan. The Contours of Masculine Desire: Romanticism and the Rise of Women''s Poetry. New York: Oxford UP, 1989. Print.
Scott, Walter. Miscellaneous Prose Works of Sir Walter Scott. Edinburgh: R. Cadell, 1834. Print.
Terry, Richard. “Sentimental Doubling in Charlotte Smith''s ‘Elegiac Sonnets.’” ANQ. 20.4 (2007): 50-58. Print.


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