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研究生:韋力天
研究生(外文):Li-Tien Wei
論文名稱:以多模態波導設計陷波濾波器與吸收器之研究
論文名稱(外文):Designs of Notch Filters and Absorbers with Overmoded Waveguides
指導教授:邱奕鵬
指導教授(外文):Yih-Peng Chiou
口試委員:盧信嘉葉文嵐
口試委員(外文):Hsin-Chia LuWen-Lan Yeh
口試日期:2015-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:光電工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:多模態波導陷波濾波器吸收器時域耦合模態理論介電係數量測
外文關鍵詞:Overmoded waveguidenotch filterabsorbertemporal coupled-mode theorycomplex permittivity measurement
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本篇論文將利用多模態波導之特殊幾何結構,將高階模態侷限在內部,進而形成等效的共振腔,藉由兩種模態之間的干涉行為來設計陷波濾波器與吸收器。不同於一般矩形波導只能傳遞主模態TE10,多模態波導允許其他高階模態同時為傳播模態,因此在K頻段(18 GHz - 26.5 GHz)的頻率範圍內選擇TE10模態與TE30模態進行模擬與實驗。本篇論文設計出一種曲線式口徑轉換的多模態波導,其幾何形狀為對稱結構,兩端口徑寬度由標準尺寸10.668 mm向中間逐漸增加至22.86 mm,並在中間口徑最寬的區域填充部分介電質以激發TE30模態;由於截止頻率的特性,隨著口徑寬度縮減至特定寬度時,TE30模態將從傳播模態轉變為截止模態,進而在波導內部形成等效的共振腔。若以此結構作為雙埠系統,在共振頻率時的頻率響應將顯示為高反射,可以用來設計陷波濾波器;若作為單埠系統,在共振頻率時的頻率響應將顯示為高吸收,則可以用來設計吸收器。透過時域耦合模態理論可以清楚地瞭解並解釋系統在共振時,兩種模態疊加之後的干涉行為,並透過改變介電質的介電係數與尺寸,得到不同的頻率響應。本論文使用電磁模擬軟體HFSS並配合時域耦合模態理論來找出最佳化的結果,最後實際製作成品進行量測,並與模擬結果做驗證。此外,為了使模擬更能符合實驗條件,我們將自行量測介電質的介電係數與正切損耗(loss tangent),使之作為模擬軟體之參數設定。

An overmoded waveguide is presented through changing the dimension of width. We put a dielectric in middle of the waveguide in order to excite higher order modes. Because of higher order modes can only exist in the wider dimension of width, effectively form a cavity in the waveguide. Then we design notch filters and absorbers by the interference conditions of two modes composition. We choose TE10 mode and TE30 mode as two operating modes in K-band. At the beginning of this work, we simulate the frequency responds of different structures by the simulation program “HFSS”, then put the design structure into the real waveguide for testing. Finally we compare the differences between the simulation results and measurement data and take the temporal coupled-mode theory into consideration for further optimization of the design. We also measure the permittivity and loss tangent of the dielectric in rectangular waveguide for simulation settings.

口試委員會審定書 #
誌謝 i
中文摘要 ii
ABSTRACT iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 ix
第一章 導論 1
1.1 多模態波導 1
1.2 陷波濾波器 2
1.3 章節介紹 3
第二章 理論分析 4
2.1 背景知識 4
2.1.1 散射參數 4
2.1.2 信號流程圖 9
2.1.3 網路分析儀 13
2.1.4 Thru-Reflect-Line(TRL)校準 15
2.2 波導理論 25
2.3 時域耦合模態理論 39
第三章 介電係數之量測 48
3.1 NRW演算法 48
3.2 NIST演算法 52
3.3 介電係數量測結果 55
第四章 陷波濾波器與吸收器之設計 64
4.1 陷波濾波器 64
4.1.1 結構參數分析與討論 64
4.1.2 實作的結構參數與量測結果 73
4.2 吸收器 82
4.2.1 結構參數分析與量測結果 82
第五章 結論 85
參考文獻 86


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(http://www.tallguide.com/)
[2]G. A. Ediss, “Measurements and Simulations of Overmoded Waveguide Components at 70-118 GHz, 220-330 GHz and 610-720 GHz.” 14th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology.
[3]Christopher D. Nantista and Sami G. Tantawi, “Overmoded Rectangular Waveguide Components for a Multi-Moded RF Power Distribution System.” Proceeding of EPAC 2000, Vienna, Austria.
[4]Christopher D. Nantista, “Overmoded Waveguide Components for High-Power RF.” 6th Workshop on High-Energy Density and High Power RF (RF 2003), SLAC-PUB-10218, Oct. 2003.
[5]David M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 4th ed. pp. 119-120, 178-188, 194-202, New York: Wiley, 2012.
[6]David K. Cheng, Field and Wave Electromagnetics, 2nd ed. pp. 547-559, Addison-Wesley, 2006.
[7]John D. Joannopoulos, Steven G. Johnson, Joshua N. Winn and Robert D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. pp. 198-213, Princeton University Press, 2008
[8]Deepak K. Ghodgaonkar, Vasundara V. Varadan and Vijay K. Varadan, “A Free-Space Method for Measurement of Dielectric Constants and Loss Tangents at Microwave Frequencies.” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 37, no. 3, Jun. 1989.
[9]Atsuhiro Nishikata, “A Swept-Frequency Measurement of Complex Permittivity and Complex Permeability of a Columnar Specimen Inserted in a Rectangular Waveguide.” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 55, no. 7, Jul. 2007.
[10]Hayato Miyagawa, Kikuo Wakino, Yu-De Lin and Toshihide Kitazawa, “Simultaneous Determination of Complex Permittivity and Permeability of Columnar Materials With Arbitrarily Shaped Cross Section.” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 57, no. 9, Sep. 2009.
[11]A. M. Nicolson and G. F. Ross, “Measurement of the Intrinsic Properties of Materials by Time-Domain Techniques.” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. IM-19, no. 4, pp. 377-382, Nov. 1970.
[12]W. B. Weir, “Automatic Measurement of Complex Dielectric Constant and Permeability at Microwave Frequencies,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 33-36, Jan. 1974.
[13]James Baker-Jarvis, “Transmission/Reflection and Short-Circuit Line Permittivity Measurements.” National Institute of Standards and Technology, Jul. 1990.


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