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研究生:林稚倫
研究生(外文):Chih-Lun Lin
論文名稱:金錢能買快樂嗎?個人、區域收入及快樂的多層次分析
論文名稱(外文):Can Money Buy Happiness? Multilevel Analysis of Individual Income, Regional Income, and Happiness
指導教授:賴進貴賴進貴引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jinn-Guey Lay
口試委員:溫在弘蘇淑娟
口試委員(外文):Tzai-Hung WenShew-Jiuan Su
口試日期:2015-06-11
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:地理環境資源學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:地理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:快樂個人收入區域收入多層次模式階層廣義線性模式臺灣社會變遷基本調查計畫
外文關鍵詞:HappinessIndividual IncomeRegional IncomeMultilevel ModellingHierarchical Generalized Linear Models (HGLM)Taiwan Social Change Survey
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快樂為個人終身追求要事,也為衡量生活品質的主要指標,而實質收入與抽象快樂之關聯更為個人日常、學界關注焦點。眾多學者提出不僅是個人收入會影響自我快樂,他人收入也會影響自我快樂,個人能運用之家戶收入、個人所居住區域內他人收入,甚至是生活圈內之鄰區他人收入皆與快樂有所相關。然而目前尚缺乏以多層次模式看待不同收入與快樂的關係,除忽略研究資料之巢套特性外,也易遺漏重要變數、層次關係。基此,本研究以臺灣作研究範疇,利用階層廣義線性模式(HGLM)討論個人、區域層次收入與快樂的關係。本研究使用「臺灣社會變遷基本調查計畫2010六期一綜合問卷組」中1660筆抽樣資料,及政府相關部會統計資料進行分析,試回答個人、區域、鄰區收入與快樂間的跨層次關係。實證結果顯示家戶收入對快樂呈正向關係,區域收入在社會比較下對快樂呈負向關係,而鄰區收入則與快樂呈正向關係。故藉由多層次模式,能細緻地討論不同尺度收入以及地理差異與個人快樂的關係。此研究結果及後續建議,可供未來學術研究、實務參考。

This study aims to examine the relation of individual and regional income to happiness by multilevel modelling. People always pursue happiness, and happiness is a significant indicator to measure quality of life. Above all factors of happiness, income plays an important role in daily life and academic research. Many scholars suggested that not only a person’s income affects one’s happiness, but also others’ income dose. Thus, individual income, other people’s average income in regional level, and other people’s average income in neighboring regional level are all key factors of happiness. However, there is still a lack of multilevel analysis of income at different levels in relation to happiness. It will neglect the characteristics of nested data, ignoring important variables, and fail to notice the relationships across spatial scales. Using 2010 Taiwan Social Change Survey (Round 6, Year 1), this study attempts to explore the relationships between individual income, regional income, and happiness by hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLM). The result shows that in Taiwan, one’s own money does buy happiness. Moreover, the geography of happiness does matter. Taiwanese tend to be happier when they reside in poorer township, as well as in richer neighboring township.

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 5
第二章 文獻回顧 8
第一節 快樂的影響因素 8
第二節 收入與快樂 11
第三節 區域收入與快樂 14
第四節 小結 18
第三章 研究設計 21
第一節 議題界定 21
第一項 個人及區域層次的快樂影響因素 21
第二項 個人收入、區域收入與區域範圍界定 24
第三項 小結 29
第二節 研究假說擬定 30
第一項 研究假說 30
第二項 研究架構 32
第三節 研究方法與研究流程 33
第一項 研究方法 33
第二項 研究流程 40
第四節 資料來源與研究變數 41
第一項 研究資料來源 41
第二項 研究變數說明 44
第四章 分析與討論 56
第一節 資料分析 56
第一項 敘述性統計 56
第二項 統計假定檢定 61
第二節 多層次分析 67
第三節 假說驗證與討論 80
第五章 結論與建議 90
第一節 結論 90
第二節 未來研究建議 94
資料出處說明 98
參考文獻 98
附 錄 105

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