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研究生:鍾若晴
研究生(外文):Jo-Ching Chung
論文名稱:捷運對縉紳化的影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Mass Rapid Transit on Gentrification
指導教授:林楨家林楨家引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Jia Lin
口試委員:賴進貴蔡育新
口試委員(外文):Jinn-Guey LayYu-Hsin Tsai
口試日期:2015-06-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:地理環境資源學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:地理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:174
中文關鍵詞:大眾捷運縉紳化都市迴歸分析追蹤資料
外文關鍵詞:mass rapid transitgentrificationcityregression analysispanel data
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  • 被引用被引用:4
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在過去50年間,縉紳化隨著全球化的發展已由歐美國家逐步蔓延到全世界,且所涵蓋與討論的範圍就都市尺度而言已不僅止於內城,而是擴展到都市外圍地區,部分研究甚而有關於鄉村縉紳化的討論。據此,縉紳化為當前全球都市發展最新內部結構的改變趨勢。本研究以擁有捷運至少10年以上之有別於西方國家都市發展的東方都市為實證空間,同時探討捷運對縉紳化的影響,以及捷運在內城與外圍地區對縉紳化的影響是否存在差異性。
本研究試圖以捷運建設的路線鋪展,將都市發展空間以及縉紳化發展予以串連,依循新古典經濟學與馬克思主義兩種不同取徑,分別以單核心 AMM 模型(Alonso-Mills-Muth)擴充理論與租隙理論(rent gap theory),論述捷運系統與縉紳化之理論關係。並透過人口遷移比例、大學以上人口比例、新建樓地板面積比例及住宅交易價格等四項縉紳化指標變數,以1996至2014年臺灣臺北市之可縉紳化地區為研究地區,將其分為全體、內城與外圍三種樣區模式,採用追蹤資料型態之線性迴歸模式驗證捷運系統對縉紳化的影響。
研究結果發現捷運對沿線縉紳化發展有正向的影響,且對於內城住宅交易價格的影響大於外圍都市地區,但對外圍地區的教育水準以及新建樓地板面積的影響則大於內城。本研究除建構捷運系統與縉紳化之間的理論關係,也提出新的縉紳化指標與新的經驗證據,為該研究領域帶來新的成果與建樹。在實務方面,為我國第一個討論捷運對縉紳化影響之研究,實證捷運對縉紳化確有顯著的影響,建議政府於發展捷運系統時應將此議題納入政策考量,降低捷運所帶來的階級置換等不公義現象的影響,維持經濟效率與社會公平兩者間的均衡性。

The developments of gentrification have sprawled globally over the past five decades, beginning with sporadic small-scale developments in inner-city areas to large-scale investments in outlying urban areas and even to rural areas. This research aimed at empirically exploring the effects of mass rapid transit (MRT) systems on the process of gentrification in an eastern city and examining the effect differences between inner-city areas and outlying urban areas.
This work began with developing hypotheses and selecting variables in view of the neo-classical and Marxism''s theories, which focused on gentries’ preferences and capital flows respectively. In the neo-classical approach, this study re-interpreted the monocentric AMM (Alonso-Mills-Muth) model and used the variables of population migration and college graduates to measure gentrification. Besides, this study applied the rent gap theory of the Marxism’s conceptions and adopted the varibables of newly-built floors and house prices to measure gentrification. And then the regression analyses of panel data between 1996 and 2014 in Taipei City, Taiwan were conducted to verify the effects of MRT on gentrification quantitatively.
The empirical results reveal that gentrification developments were positively related to the opening of MRT stations; the effects of MRT on house prices in the inner-city areas were more significant than those in the outlying urban areas; and, the effects of MRT on education level and newly-built floors in the outlying urban areas are more significant than those in the inner-city areas. The empirical evidence of this research is novel in literature and is valuable for developing and verifying gentrification hypotheses via bi-theoretical perspectives. Furthermore, the study results also imply that a local government should adopt suitable strategies to diminish possible gentrification effects when deploying MRT systems and to balance the concerns of economic efficiency and social justice.

口試委員會審定書∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙ i
誌謝∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙ii
摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙iv
Abstract∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙v
第一章 緒論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙001
第一節 研究動機與目的∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙001
第二節 研究範圍∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙006
第三節 研究方法∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙009
第四節 研究架構與流程∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙011
第二章 文獻回顧∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙014
第一節 縉紳化∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙017
第二節 縉紳化與捷運系統∙∙∙∙∙∙∙031
第三節 綜合評析與小結∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙046
第三章 研究設計∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙048
第一節 研究課題∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙049
第二節 假說研提∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙062
第三節 驗證方法∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙079
第四章 樣本資料分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙087
第一節 樣本資料蒐集∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙088
第二節 樣本特性分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙095
第三節 相關分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙111
第五章 實證結果∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙118
第一節 迴歸分析∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙120
第二節 假說驗證∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙128
第三節 綜合討論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙143
第六章 結論與建議∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙149
第一節 結論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙149
第二節 後續研究建議∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙152
參考文獻∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙154
附錄∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙171


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1. 彭建文、吳森田、吳祥華(2007),不動產有效稅率對房價影響分析-以臺北市大同區與內湖區為例,「臺灣土地研究」,10:2,pp. 49-66。
2. 林素菁、林祖嘉(2001),臺灣地區住宅供給彈性之估計,「住宅學報」,10:1,pp. 17-27。
3. 彭建文、楊宗憲、楊詩韻(2009),捷運系統對不同區位房價影響分析-以營運階段為例,「運輸計劃季刊」,38:3,pp. 275-296。
4. 林素菁、林祖嘉(2001),臺灣地區住宅供給彈性之估計,「住宅學報」,10:1,pp. 17-27。
5. 馮正民、曾平毅、王冠斐(1994),捷運系統對車站地區房價之影響,「都市與計劃」,21:1,pp. 25-45。
6. 張芳全(2004),影響開發中國家教育品質因素之模型檢定,「教育與社會研究」, 6,pp. 27-67。
7. 林祖嘉、林素菁(1993),臺灣地區環境品質與公共設施對房價與房租影響之分析,「住宅學報」,1,pp. 21-45。
8. 林祖嘉(2000),住宅生產函數與要素替代彈性:CES與VES之比較,「住宅學報」, 9:1,pp. 49-60。
9. 陳明德(2008),效率因素考量下高等教育定價策略之探討,「立德學報」,6:1,pp. 77-83。
10. 林明仁(2005),內部勞動市場中的升遷與工資,「經濟論文叢刊」,33:1,pp. 59-96。
11. 張芳全(2004),影響開發中國家教育品質因素之模型檢定,「教育與社會研究」, 6,pp. 27-67。
12. 彭建文、楊宗憲、楊詩韻(2009),捷運系統對不同區位房價影響分析-以營運階段為例,「運輸計劃季刊」,38:3,pp. 275-296。
13. 彭建文、吳森田、吳祥華(2007),不動產有效稅率對房價影響分析-以臺北市大同區與內湖區為例,「臺灣土地研究」,10:2,pp. 49-66。
14. 林祖嘉(2000),住宅生產函數與要素替代彈性:CES與VES之比較,「住宅學報」, 9:1,pp. 49-60。
15. 陳明德(2008),效率因素考量下高等教育定價策略之探討,「立德學報」,6:1,pp. 77-83。