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研究生:李昭融
研究生(外文):Chao-Jung Lee
論文名稱:從最小味對稱破壞探討超越標準模型之新物理
論文名稱(外文):New Physics Beyond Standard Model from Minimal Flavor Violation
指導教授:何小剛
口試委員:耿朝強阮自強陳傳仁張寶棣
口試日期:2015-05-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:物理研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:物理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:超越標準模型最小味對稱破壞味道對稱電荷宇稱破壞味道改變中性流蹺蹺板機制暗物質等效算符
外文關鍵詞:Beyond the SMMinimal flavor violationFlavor symmetryCP violationFlavor changing neutral currentSeesaw mechanismsDark matterEffective operators
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:120
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The Standard model(SM), described by the gauge theory SU(3)_c x SU(2)_L x U(1)_Y, is the most successful theory to describe most of the gravity-unrelated phenomena in the nature so far. However, there are still some issues which are unable to be explained by the SM. For examples, the CP violation source from the SM cannot explain the baryon asymmetry of the universe. Furthermore, the current upper bound of
leptonic flavor changing neutral current(FCNC) is significantly order of magnitude larger than the prediction of the SM. These provide us a sensitive window of probing new physics.
On the other hand, the cosmological observations of the nonbaryonic dark matter also cannot be described by the SM field contents. The existence of these dark matter also provide a specific direction of extending the SM. In this thesis, I will focus on these issues under the framework of minimal flavor violaiton(MFV).

In the first part, We explore realizations of MFV for leptons in the simplest seesaw
models where the neutrino mass generation mechanism is driven by new fermion singlets (type I)
or triplets (type III) and by a scalar triplet (type II). We also discuss similarities and
differences of the MFV implementation among the three scenarios.
We consider a number of effective dimension-six
operators constructed by symmetry requirements and study the phenomenological implications,
including flavor-violating rare decay of charged leptons, muon-electron conversion in nuclei, the anomalous magnetic moments, and their electric dipole moments. We evaluate constraints on the scale of MFV associated with these operators from the latest experimental data.

In the second part, we explore scalar dark matter (DM) that is part of a lepton flavor triplet satisfying
symmetry requirements under type-I seesaw model.
The DM candidate couples to standard-model particles via Higgs-portal renormalizable
interactions as well as to leptons through dimension-six operators, all of which have minimal
flavor violation built-in.
We consider restrictions on the new scalars from the Higgs boson measurements, observed relic
density, DM direct detection experiments, and searches for flavor-violating lepton decays.
The viable parameter space can be tested further with future data.

1 Introduction and Overview 7-8
2 The Standard Model 9-20
3 New Physics beyond the Standard Model 21-27
4 CP and Flavor violation physics from seesaw realization of MFV 28-56
5 Lepton-Flavored Scalar Dark Matter with MFV 57-68
6 Conclusion and Summary 69-70
Appendices 71-89

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