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研究生:賴芸儀
研究生(外文):Yun-I Lai
論文名稱:十七世紀上半葉英格蘭承諾服從爭論與憲政論述轉變
論文名稱(外文):The Engagement Controversy and the Transformation of English Constitutional Discourses in the early Seventeenth Century
指導教授:蕭高彥蕭高彥引用關係
口試委員:蔡英文楊肅獻陳思賢林美香
口試日期:2015-07-22
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:政治學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:243
中文關鍵詞:共和主義承諾服從論述英格蘭共和國憲政論述
外文關鍵詞:republicanismengagement controversythe Commonwealth of Englandconstitutional discourses
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本論文主旨為透過檢視十七世紀前半葉英格蘭的憲政論述之相關史料與文本,主張承諾服從論述之研究應包含事實論、法理論以及神意論等三分析取向,並輔以Mrachamont Nedham與馬基維利的共和主義論述之異同研究。本研究將有助於呈現近現代英格蘭從君王主權到議會主權之憲政轉變——英格蘭共和國消解主權權力共享的君臨議會古憲法體制後,建立絕對且不可分享的近現代主權觀。再者,本論文主張承諾服從論述之時代意義在於以自然法與共和主義取代古憲法傳統,證成英格蘭共和政權統治的合法性與正當性。第三,承諾服從論述之跨時代貢獻為藉由效法過往王政時期政治效忠宣誓之方式來建立對於共和政府之政治效忠,替「君臨議會」憲政體制解構後的英格蘭政府建立起新的政治統治圖像,即議會絕對主義。

This thesis aims to shed some light on how English constitutional discourses were transformed from monarch sovereignty to parliamentary sovereignty by reviewing a special political discourse, namely the Engagement Controversy, within the formative years from 1649 to the beginning of 1654. It contends, first, the Engagement Controversy was much a part of the transformation of English constitutional discourses from monarch sovereignty to an absolute and undivided parliamentary sovereignty when the title of king-in-parliament of ancient constitution was dissolved. Second, the Engagement Controversy should be studied via de facto theory, de jure theory, and providentialism, as well as in terms of the differences between Marchamont Nedham and Niccolò Machiavelli on republicanism. Third, this thesis argues that the Engagement Controversy substituted the ancient constitution tradition with natural law and republicanism. The controversy justified the legality and legitimacy of the political authority of the Commonwealth of England, and also provided a new political ruling image of the Commonwealth of England was replaced with new political oaths instead of the previous kinship political allegiance.

目錄

目錄 1
第一章 導論 3
第一節 共和國政治權威之呈現與再現:圖像學之印証 5
第二節 承諾服從論述 10
第三節 文獻回顧 14
第四節 論文主旨與章節安排 30
第二章 1649年前英格蘭憲政體制 33
第一節 君外於議會抑或君臨議會 34
第二節 君臨議會體制之瓦解 48
第三節 單一且不可分割之主權權力誕生 60
第四節 小結 77
第三章 英格蘭政治效忠對象之轉變與再現 79
第一節 宣誓效忠國王 80
第二節 宣誓效忠共和國 100
第三節 平等派:不同的英格蘭共和國想像 106
第四節 小結 117
第四章 承諾服從論述(I):ANTHONY ASCHAM的事實論 119
第一節 ANTHONY ASCHAM之生平背景 121
第二節 國家之目的:自保 122
第三節 戰爭狀態與自然狀態 125
第四節 主權及占有權 136
第五節 誓詞 143
第六節 批判人民主權 146
第七節 小結 150
第五章 承諾服從論述(II):MARCHAMONT NEDHAM的共和主義 153
第一節 MARCHAMONT NEDHAM之生平背景 153
第二節 政體興廢與新政權之統治正當性 156
第三節 國家之目的:自由與安全 161
第四節 誓詞 167
第五節 NEDHAM、馬基維利與共和主義 169
第六節 批判人民主權 180
第七節 小結 190
第六章 結論 193
插圖說明 213
插圖 214
參考書目 221

參考書目

(一)手稿

The British Library大英圖書館(英國,倫敦)
Stowe MS 184Miscellaneous Historical Papers
Additional MS 5247Banners of the Parliamentary Army, in the time of Charles I, with the Arms of the Captains.

The National Archives國家檔案館(英國,倫敦)
Maps and Plans in the Public Record Office
MPE 1/486Diagrammatic sketch plan of Westminster Hall

Records of the Royal Mint
Mint 1Entries

State Papers
SP 14State Papers Domestic, James I
SP 15State Papers Domestic, James I
SP 16Secretaries of State: State Papers Domestic, Charles I
SP 18Council of State, Navy Commission and related bodies: Orders and Papers
SP 25Council of State: Books and Accounts
SP 46State Papers Domestic: Supplementary
SP 94Secretaries of State: State Papers Foreign, Spain, 1577-1780

The Parliamentary Archives議會檔案館(英國,倫敦)
HL/PO/6Records of the House of Lords: Petitions
HL/PO/JO/10Records of the House of Lords: Journal Office
HL/PO/PU/1Records of the House of Lords: Public Bill Office

Hereford Cathedral Library(英國,赫里福德)
Retrospective Accessions Register

(二)印刷史料

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