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研究生:陳冠廷
研究生(外文):Guan-Ting Chen
論文名稱:政府最低薪資政策對科技創新影響
論文名稱(外文):Minimum Wage and Innovation
指導教授:陳彥行陳彥行引用關係
口試委員:王衍智張景宏
口試日期:2015-03-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:財務金融學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:27
中文關鍵詞:最低薪資科技創新研發支出專利權專利引用
外文關鍵詞:Minimum wageInnovationR&DPatentPatent citation
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本文利用美國1979至2006年間 39,276間上市櫃公司為觀察值,討論各州最低薪資政策對科技創新的影響 。實證結果顯示,公司所在州別有越高勞動薪資政策,研發支出費用、申請專利數目及專利引用數目越多。尤其在勞動密集產業,實証結果更顯著。

This study investigates the effects of minimum wage legislation on technological innovations. The observation consists of 39,276 public listed companies in the United States from 1979 to 2006. The empirical results indicate that a firm operating in a state with higher minimum wage rate has higher research and development expenditures, patent counts, and patent citations. These findings are stronger in labor-intensive industries.

Contents
口試委員會審定書 i
謝辭 ii
中文摘要 iii
Abstract iv
Figures vi
Tables vii
1.Introduction 1
2.Literature Review and Hypothesis 2
3.Data and Methodology 4
3.1 Minimum wage 4
3.2 Innovation measurement 5
3.3 Control variables 6
3.4 Sample and summary statistics 7
4.Minimum Wage and Innovation Activity 8
4.1 Minimum wage rate and R&D Expenditures 8
4.2 Minimum wage, patent counts, and patent citations 9
4.3 Effects of minimum wage: Labor-intensive v.s. capital-intensive industries 10
5.Conclusion 11
Reference 12

Figures
Figure 1 State minimum wage laws in 1979 14
Figure 2 State minimum wage laws in 1992 14
Figure 3 State minimum wage laws in 2006 14

Tables
Table I Variable Definitions 15
Table II Sample Distribution 16
Table III Summary Statistics 18
Table IV Minimum Wage and the Ratio of R&D to Total Assets 19
Table V Minimum Wage and the Ratio of R&D to Total Number of Employee 20
Table VI Minimum Wage and Patent Counts 21
Table VII Minimum Wage and Patent Citations 23
Table VIII Minimum Wage and Citations per Patent 25
Table IX Effect of Minimum Wage: Labor-intensive v.s. Capital-intensive Firms 27




Reference
Acemoglu, D. (2010). When does labor scarcity encourage innovation? Journal of Political Economy, 118(6), 1037-1078.
Aghion, P., Van Reenen, J., & Zingales, L. (2013). Innovation and institutional ownership. American Economic Review, 103(1), 277-304.
Baghai, R. P., & Subramanian, K. V. (2013). Labor laws and innovation. Journal of Law and Economics, 56, 997-1037.
Basu, S., Fernald, J. G., & Shapiro, M. D. (2001, December). Productivity growth in the 1990s: technology, utilization, or adjustment? In Carnegie-Rochester conference series on public policy (Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 117-165).
D’Angelo, A. (2012). Innovation and export performance: a study of Italian high-tech SMEs. Journal of Management & Governance, 16(3), 393-423.
Draca, M., Machin, S., & Van Reenen, J. (2011). Minimum wages and firm profitability. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 3(1), 129-51.
Flinn, C. J. (2006). Minimum wage effects on labor market outcomes under search, matching, and endogenous contact rates. Econometrica, 74(4), 1013-1062.
Freeman, R. B. (1996). The minimum wage as a redistributive tool. The Economic Journal,
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Galasso, A., & Simcoe, T. S. (2011). CEO overconfidence and innovation. Management
Science, 57(8), 1469-1484.
Hall, B. H., Jaffe, A., & Trajtenberg, M. (2002). The NBER patent citation data file:
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Patents, Citations and Innovations. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2002.
Hall, B. H., Jaffe, A., & Trajtenberg, M. (2005). Market value and patent citations. RAND
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Hirshleifer, D., Low, A., & Teoh, S. H. (2012). Are overconfident CEOs better innovators? The Journal of Finance, 67(4), 1457-1498.
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Larry, P. (2014, May 13). The case for a higher minimum wage to drive innovation. Bloomberg BusinessWeek.
Maskell, P., Pedersen, T., Petersen, B., & Dick-Nielsen, J. (2007). Learning paths to offshore outsourcing: from cost reduction to knowledge seeking. Industry and Innovation, 14(3), 239-257
Seru, A. (2014). Firm boundaries matter: Evidence from conglomerates and R&D activity. Journal of Financial Economics, 111(2), 381-405.
Younge, K., & Marx, M. (2013). The market value of secrecy: Evidence from a natural experiment.
Zhu, Z., Hsu, K., & Lillie, J. (2001). Outsourcing-a strategic move: The process and the ingredients for success. Management Decision, 39(5), 373-378.

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