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研究生:王蕙雙
研究生(外文):Huei-Shuang Wang
論文名稱:基地綠化之景觀生態效益
論文名稱(外文):Landscape Ecological Benefits of Site Greenery
指導教授:張俊彥
指導教授(外文):Chun-Yen Chang
口試委員:林晏州歐聖榮蘇威廉袁孝維
口試委員(外文):Yann-Jou LinSheng-Jung OuWilliam C. SullivanHsiao-Wei Yuan
口試日期:2015-06-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:園藝暨景觀學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:113
中文關鍵詞:都市化綠屋頂鳥類數量景觀數化生態效益
外文關鍵詞:urbanizationgreen roofbird amountlandscape digitalizationecological benefits
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:306
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
都市化之下,人口與建築用地皆不斷擴張,使得原有的生態棲地不斷被分割,造成原生物種的生存空間逐漸縮小(Grimm et al., 2008)。根據臺北市建築物及法定空地綠化實施要點,未來臺北市第二類建築基地中的公有建築物及公私立各級學校,綠覆率需提高至55%以上;而基地綠化具有緩解都市問題的作用(Francis & Lorimer, 2011),是目前都市中常見的一種綠色基礎建設(green infrastructure)。都市基地綠化可以再創造生態棲地的空間,對於鳥類、昆蟲、植物等,其綠化空間可以有效幫助生物的生存與繁衍,並維持物種的多樣性與環境健康。
景觀結構對於鳥類的棲息有著重要的影響,根據近幾年保育團體的鳥類調查,特定地區的景觀結構像是如河濱地、都市公園等,對於特定種類的鳥類在遷徙、棲息上扮演著極重要的角色;而相反的,都市地區中建築物密集林立,易對於鳥類的生存構成很大的威脅。為解決都市問題,過去研究則指出都市基地綠化可以有效幫助綠地面積增加(Wong & Jusuf, 2008),在物理降溫、生態效益層面都有顯著效益;因此,本研究選擇46個都市基地,建立都市景觀結構與鳥類數量預測模型後,再挑選公有建築地與校園用地等閒置空間作為模擬綠化對象。
研究結果發現,影響鳥類多樣性主要的因子包括了喬木、灌木塊區的數量、綠地與裸露土壤的連接度及水體平均形狀指數等指標。在未來基地綠化的規劃中,本研究建議在現有的景觀條件下,儘量保留現存之大面積水體或植被,綠化的形式採誘鳥植物或是喬木、灌木栽植為佳;並針對現有已存的鳥類物種,進行適當的保護政策,以減緩土地使用的改變。

Under the effect of urbanization, city population and buildings are continually expending, causing threats to original habitats such as fragmentization and shrinkage. According to the “Greenery on building and vacant space policy” of Taipei City Government, the green coverage ratio for the second type public building and schools should be increased to 55% at least. Urban architecture greenery is a common green infrastructure that can be employed to mitigate this issue. Site greenery can recreate biological habitats for birds, insects, plants, etc., help maintaining an environment suitable for these species to survive and breed, and contribute to biodiversity and environmental health.
Landscape structure has a significant effect on bird habitation. According to the investigation of environmental conservation groups in Taiwan, riverside parks or city parks are mostly habitated by local and migratory birds, while urban areas that are full of high-density buildings exhibit significantly weaker bird diversity. Past research have suggested that architecture greenery could solve the problem by increasing green coverage ratio, lowering building temperature and providing ecological benefits. In this study, we made a city-landscape-to-bird-diversity model from 46 sites in Taipei City, and chose 7 sites containing public buildings for future greenery simulation.
The result shows that the factors which influenced bird diversity are tree patch numbers, connectivity of green and bare soil patches, and the mean shape index of water patches. Future urban greenery plan could involve preservation of large water and vegetation areas as well as planting more vegetables, shrubs or arbors. For existing bird species, proper policy should be made to deter rapid changes in land use.

謝辭 ii
中文摘要 iii
Abstract iv

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究架構 3
第四節 研究重要性 4

第二章 文獻回顧 5
第一節 都市景觀結構變遷與生態衝擊 5
第二節 都市中的生態系統 7
第三節 都市基地綠化與生態價值 9
第四節 國外綠屋頂政策探討 10
第五節 都市景觀結構與生物多樣性 11
第六節 景觀結構與生態網路分析方法 14
第七節 小結 17

第三章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究流程與限制 19
第二節 研究方法 22
第三節 研究假設 32
第四節 資料分析方法 33

第四章 資料分析 34
第一節 鳥類族群資料描述 34
第二節 鳥類多樣性(Shannon-Weaver Diversity)描述性統計分析 37
第三節 景觀結構資料描述性統計分析 38
第四節 類別面積與鳥類多樣性之相關性統計分析 41
第五節 棲地異質性與鳥類多樣性之相關性統計分析 45
第六節 棲地平均距離與鳥類多樣性之相關性統計分析 46
第七節 景觀指數與鳥類多樣性之相關性統計分析 52
第八節 景觀結構指標與鳥類多樣性之迴歸歸模型預測 59
第九節 基地模擬綠化之景觀結構與現況之差異性 63

第五章 結果 65
第一節 景觀結構指數與鳥類多樣性之相關性 65
第二節 景觀多樣性與鳥類多樣性之迴歸歸模型 72
第三節 基地模擬綠化之景觀結構與現況之差異性 72

第六章 討論 74

第七章 後續研究建議 90

中文參考文獻 92
西文參考文獻 93
附錄ㄧ、第一階段景觀結構數化與鳥類多樣性結果表示圖 97
附錄二、第二階段景觀結構數化圖 105
附錄三、引用文獻—原文相關段落 107

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