跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.120.150) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/31 15:26
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:莫依甘
研究生(外文):Igam M. Moaniba
論文名稱:氣候變遷對糧食安全在吉里巴斯影響與其他國家及區域之比較
論文名稱(外文):A Comparison of Impacts on Food Security among Countries and Regions due to Climate Change – with Reference to Kiribati
指導教授:雷立芬雷立芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Fen Lei
口試委員:官俊榮徐世勳
口試委員(外文):Jerome GeaunShih-Hsun Hsu
口試日期:2015-07-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:農業經濟學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業經濟及推廣學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
外文關鍵詞:Food SecurityClimate ChangeEconometric ModelRegression
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:150
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
This study investigates the impacts of climate change on food security in a small island nation Kiribati. It uses panel data econometric approaches to model the relationships between selected factors of climate change and selected indicators of food security for the period 1961 to 2000. 42 other countries are also covered in this study for comparison purposes. The key objectives of this study are to find the effects of climate factors – temperature and precipitation – on selected food security indicators, their impacts in Kiribati and compared to other countries, and how climate change affects food security in different parts or regions of the worlds.
Findings from this study confirm the results of previous studies that climate change is influencing food security. Using the selected indicators of food security, this study shows that factors of climate change have negative impacts on food security. But the most imperative and unique feature of this study is that, even though it only investigates the impacts of climate change on food security, its findings provide new empirical evidences that Kiribati is one of the most affected countries in the world by climate change. In addition, the study also finds that the Pacific region is one of the severely affected regions.

Acknowledgement i
Abstract ii
List of Tables iv
List of Figures iv
Chapter 1 : Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation of the Study 1
1.2 Objectives of this Study 4
Chapter 2 : Climate Change and Food Security Background 7
2.1 Food Security 7
2.2 Climate Change 14
2.3 The State of Food Security and Climate Change in Kiribati 17
Chapter 3 : Literature Review 24
3.1 Climate Change Impacts on Food Security 24
3.2 Studies on Climate Change and Food Security in Kiribati 25
Chapter 4 : Methodology 31
4.1 Theoretical Framework 31
4.2 Empirical Model Specifications 35
4.3 Background of the Random Effects and Fixed Effect Estimator Methods 39
4.4 Breusch-Pagan Test, Hausman Test and Wooldridge Test 40
Chapter 5 : Results and Discussions 44
5.1 Data Statistics and Tests 44
5.2 Data Tests – Breusch Pagan, Hausman and Wooldridge 48
5.3 Direct Impacts Estimations 49
5.4 Country and Regional Effect Comparisons 58
Chapter 6 : Conclusions 65
References 68
Appendix 72

Anttila-Hughes, J. K. and S. M. Hsiang. 2013. “Destruction, Disinvestment, and Death: Economic and Human Losses Following Environmental Disaster”. University of California, NBER
Asif, M. 2013. Climatic Change, Irrigation Water Crisis and Food Security in Pakistan. Master diss., Uppsala University, p. 16.
Ayers, J. 2010. Understanding the Adaptation Paradox: Can Global Climate Change Adaptation Policy be Locally Inclusive? PhD diss., London School of Economics and Political Science.
Badolo, F. and K. R., Somlanare. 2014. Climatic Variability and Food Security in Developing Countries. Clermont Fd, France: Université d’Auvergne.
Baririos, S., L. Bertinelli and E. Strobl. 2010. “Trends in Rainfall and Economic Growth in Africa: A neglected cause of the African tragedy.” The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 92(2), p.350-366
Belloumi, M. 2014. “Investigating the Linkage Between Climate Variables and Food Security in ESA Countries”, in Agrodep Working Paper 004, University of Sousse, Tunisia.
Bruckner, M. and A. Ciccone. 2011. “Rain and Democratic Window of Opportunity”. Econometrica 79(3), p. 923-947
Burke, M. and K. Emerick. 2013. “Evidence from US Agriculture”, University of California, Berkeley.
Dell, M., B. F. Jones and B. A. Olken. 2012. “Temperature Shocks and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Last Half Century.” American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 4(3): p. 66-95
Deryugina, T., 2011. “The dynamic effects of hurricanes in the US: the role of non-disaster transfer payments”. MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, CEEPR WP 2011-007
Deschenes, O. and M. Greenstone. 2007. “The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Output and Random Fluctuations in Weather.” American Economic Review, 97(1), p. 354-385
Dietz, S. 2009. “From efficiency to justice: utility as the informational basisi of climate change strategies, and some alternatives”, in Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 15 & in Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Paper No. 13, London, UK, p. 1-5.
Falco, S. D., M. Veronesi, and M. Yesuf. 2010. “Does adaptation to climate change provide food security? A micro-perspective from Ethiopia”, in Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 22 & in Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Paper No. 19, London, UK, p. 1-6.
FAO, IFAD and WFP. 2014. The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014. Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition. Rome, FAO, p. 12.
Feng, S., A. B. Krueger and M. Oppenheimer. 2010. “Linkages among climate change, crop yields and Mexico-US cross-border migration”. Proc Natl Acad USA, 107(32)
Fomby, T., Y. Ikeda and N. Loayza. 2013. “The Growth Aftermath of Natural Disasters”. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 28(3), p. 412-434
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. “Food Security Indicators”. Access 18 June, 2015. http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.VYI0-Pmqqkp
Food Security Network of Newfoundland and Labrador. “What is Food Security?” Accessed May 14, 2015. http://www.foodsecuritynews.com/What-is-food-security.htm
Hsiang, S. M. 2010. “Temperatures and cyclones strongly associated with economic production in the Caribbean and Central America”. CrossMark, 107(35), p. 15367-15372.
Hsiang, S. M. and A. S. Jina. 2014. “The Causal Effect of Environmental Catastrophe on Long-Run Economic Growth: Evidence from 6,700 Cyclones”. National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER, Working Paper 20352
Hsiang, S. M. and D. Narita “Adaptation to Cyclone Risk: Evidence from the Global Cross-Section”, Climate Change Economics, 03, 1250011
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Summary for Policymakers.
International Energy Agency (IEA). “Climate Change”. Accessed May 12, 2015. http://www.iea.org/topics/climatechange/
Jayachandran, S. 2006. “Selling Labor Low: Responses to Productivity Shocks in Developing Countries”, University of California, Berkeley. Journal of Political Economy, 114(3)
Kienzler M. 2012. Linking Climate Change with Food Security in the highlands of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Northwest Pakistan. Diploma diss., University of Zurich.
Kiribati Climate Change. “Current Climate, Changing Climate, Future Climate of Kiribati”. Accessed March 10, 2015. http://www.climate.gov.ki/climate/
Kumar, A., P Sharma. 2013. Impact of Climate Variation on Agricultural Productivity and Food Security in Rural India, Economics The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal No. 43.
Levine, H., J.N. Onuchic, and S.C. Yang. 2006. “Effective Stochastic Dynamics on a Protein Folding Energy Landscape”. Journal of Chemical Physics. 125
Lobell, D. B., W. Schlenker, and J. Costa-Roberts. 2011. “Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980”. Science Journals, 333(6042), p. 616-620
Miguel, E. 2004. “Economic Shocks and Civil Conflict: An Instrumental Variables Approach”. University of California, NBER.
Mitchell, T.D., Carter, T.R., Jones, P.D., Hulme,M., New, M., 2003: A comprehensive set of high-resolution grids of monthly climate for Europe and the globe: the observed record (1901-2000) and 16 scenarios (2001-2100). Journal of Climate: submitted.
National Ocean Service NOAA. “Is sea level rising? Sea level is rising at an increasing rate”. Access 18 June, 2015. http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/slevel.html
Pindyck, R. S. 2010. “Modeling the impact of warming in climate change economics”, in NBER Working Paper 15692, National Bureau of Economic Research, Massachusetts, USA, p. 1-4, 6-7.
Raddatz, C. 2009. “The Wrath of God: Macroeconomic costs of natural disasters”, Policy Research Working Paper Series 5039, The World Bank.
Rimon, B. 2011. “Kiribati Domestic Market Study – Impact of the import levy freight subsidy on trade in horticultural products on South Tarawa domestic markets”, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Kiribati, p. 6.
Schlenker, W. and M. J. Roberts. 2009. “Nonlinear Temperature Effects Indicate Severe Damages to U.S. Crop Yields under Climate Change”. CrossMark, 106(37)
Schmidhuber, J. and F. N. Tubiello. 2007. “Global food security under climate change”. PNAS 104(50), p. 6-7.
Shrestha, R K. 2007. Impact of climate change on crop water use and productivity: A case study of Bagmati River basin, Nepal. UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Netherlands.
USP, SPREP, SPC and FAO. “Climate change and food security in the Pacific”. Suva, Fiji.
Wikipedia. “Kiribati”. Accessed 18 June, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Kiribati
World Meteorological Organization. WMO statement on the status of the global climate in 2014. Geneva, Switzerland, p. 4-7.
Yang, D. 2008. “Coping with Disaster: The Impact of Hurricanes on International Financial Flows, 1970-2002”, The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, 8(1), p. 1-45


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關點閱論文