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研究生:丁元翔
研究生(外文):Yuan-Shiang Ding
論文名稱:輪胎濕抓地力之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Research on Wet Grip of Tire
指導教授:鄭榮和
口試委員:吳文方劉霆
口試日期:2015-07-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:機械工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:輻射胎濕抓地力有限元素法黏彈性質
外文關鍵詞:radial tirewet grip performancefinite element methodviscoelasticity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:345
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究是利用有限元素輪胎模型估算濕抓地力指標,並探討輪胎在不同行駛工況及各種結構設計參數對輪胎濕抓性能的影響,最後使用分析結果提出高濕抓性能輪胎的設計建議。本研究利用有限元素軟體Abaqus對規格205/55 R16的輻射胎建立有限元素模型,並參考ISO-23671輪胎濕抓地力的測試規範,建立一套濕抓地力分析流程,進行排水煞車模擬,藉此計算濕抓地力,模擬結果與試驗報告相當吻合,此結果顯示本研究之有限元素模型是合理的。利用所建立的模型探討輪胎在不同行駛工況以及各種結構設計參數對於輪胎濕抓地力的影響,如負載、胎壓、行駛速度、黏彈性質、胎紋類型等,並建立濕抓分析工具,提出設計上的建議。

This study uses finite element tire model to estimate wet grip index and discuss the influence of driving conditions and structural design parameters on wet grip performance. Based on the results, high wet grip performance tire designs are proposed. This study creates finite element model for the 205/55 R16 radial tire by the finite element software Abaqus. In order to calculate grip force on brake, the tire model refer to ISO-23671 of tire’s wet grip test regulation that is established a wet grip analysis procedure. The result is identical with the experiment, and it shows that the Finite Element model in this study is reasonable. Then the tire model is used to discuss the influence of driving conditions and structural design parameters on grip force, such as load, inflation pressure, driving velocity, viscoelasticity, tread pattern, etc. According to the result of wet grip analysis tools, we can give suggestions on it.

致謝 I
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 研究流程與方法 5
1.4 使用軟體簡介 7
1.5 論文架構 9
第二章 理論背景與文獻回顧 10
2.1 輪胎構造與力學 10
2.1.1 輪胎種類及構造 10
2.1.2 輪胎規格標示 14
2.1.3 輪胎座標軸系統 16
2.1.4 濕抓性能 17
2.2 超彈性HYPERELASTIC 24
2.3 黏彈性VISCOELASTIC 28
2.4 濕抓性能研究與實驗 40
2.5 小結 47
第三章 有限元素模型建立與驗證 48
3.1 輪胎幾何建立與模型假設 48
3.2 水的模型建立與假設 50
3.3 材料性質 51
3.3.1 橡膠Hyperelastic 51
3.3.2 橡膠Viscoelastic 53
3.3.3 簾布層Ply&環帶層Belt&環帶層固定層Belt Cover 57
3.3.4 水Water 60
3.4 濕抓地力計算 60
3.5 實驗驗證 62
3.5.1 充氣壓地與橫向剛性驗證 62
3.5.2 濕抓地力驗證 67
3.6 小結 69
第四章 輪胎各參數抓地分析 70
4.1 行駛工況 71
4.1.1 負載 71
4.1.2 胎壓 71
4.1.3 行駛速度 73
4.2 結構設計參數 75
4.2.1 胎面曲率 75
4.2.2 胎紋類型 76
4.3 膠料配方 77
4.4 外在環境因素 78
4.4.1 摩擦係數 78
4.5 小結 79
第五章 輪胎排水分析 81
5.1 光頭胎 81
5.2 縱溝胎 82
5.3 複雜胎紋輪胎 83
5.4 複雜胎紋輪胎+倒角設計 84
5.5 小結 85
第六章 結論與未來方向 86
6.1 結果總結 86
6.2 未來方向 87
參考文獻 88

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