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研究生:汪鼎翔
研究生(外文):Ting-Hsiang Wang
論文名稱:混合動力系統之耦合分析與評估
論文名稱(外文):Coupling Analysis and Evaluation of Hybrid Power Trains
指導教授:劉霆劉霆引用關係
口試委員:尤正吉蘇偉儁
口試日期:2015-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:機械工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:混合動力系統耦合分析功能動力圖ADVISOR
外文關鍵詞:hybrid power systemcoupling analysisfunction power graphADVISOR
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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本研究之目的在於分析混合動力系統動力元件間相互耦合所產生之系統特性,並評估各類混合動力系統效率,期望在選用或設計混合動力系統時選擇適切的耦合方式以增進系統運作效率。本研究首先介紹混合動力系統之基本概念與操作模式,並對混合動力系統之動力元件、系統負載與耦合機構進行分析。接著由動力元件與系統負載間轉速與扭力關係進行動力系統分類。研究再針對各類耦合方式對系統效能提升的差異進行分析,以車輛模擬軟體ADVISOR作為分析工具,進行系統元件配置、參數設定以及系統控制策略設定,分析引擎效率、能量傳遞途徑效率以及油耗表現,完整了解系統之特性。研究最後以一個創新油電混合動力系統作為評估與分析案例,對此創新系統配置動力元件、參數設定與控制策略設定,並與相似類型之混合動力系統進行比較。本研究分析與評估混合動力系統特性,提供混合動力系統配置與設計時參考。

The purpose of this study is to analyze the system characteristic of coupling multiple power unit in hybrid power trains and to evaluate the system efficiency of varies kind of powertrains. The goal is to identify the proper coupling type to enhance system efficiency. This study starts from introducing the conceptual hybrid system and its operation mode. Power unit, system loading and mechanical coupler in hybrid power train are analysis in detail. The power trains are then sort by the speed and torque relation between power unit and system loading. Using ADVISOR as the simulation tool, this research compare different kinds of hybrid power trains by their engine efficiency, transmission efficiency and fuel efficiency. Finally, a novel hybrid system is evaluated in this study. The novel hybrid system is simulated in ADVISOR and the system unit, design variable, control strategy is assigned. The novel hybrid system is compare with Toyota Hybrid System to fully understand the potential of this system. In this research, the characteristic of hybrid system is analyzed. The result could be a considerable consultation for design hybrid power trains.

摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
縮寫對照表 xiv
符號彙編 xv
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 文獻回顧 2
1-2-1 混合動力系統分類 2
1-2-2 混合動力系統分析 5
1-3 研究動機與目的 6
1-4 研究架構與步驟 7
第二章 理論基礎 8
2-1 機械耦合器類型與原理分析 8
2-1-1 扭力耦合器 8
2-1-2 轉速耦合器 9
2-2 功能動力圖 12
2-2-1 功能動力圖元件介紹 12
2-2-2 功能動力圖表示車輛傳動系統 15
2-3 車輛動力學 16
第三章 混合動力系統特性分析 18
3-1 混合動力系統基本概念 18
3-2 耦合機構定性分析 19
3-2-1 混合動力系統操作模式 19
3-2-2 操作模式指標 21
3-2-3 耦合機構有效性 22
3-3 混合動力系統元件介紹 23
3-3-1 能量儲存元件 23
3-3-2 動力元件 23
3-3-3 系統負載 26
3-3-4 WLTC行車型態 27
3-4 動力元件與系統負載間轉速扭力關係 32
3-4-1 轉速固定比例、扭力固定比例關係 33
3-4-2 轉速固定比例、扭力疊加關係 34
3-4-3 轉速疊加、扭力固定比例關係 34
3-4-4 轉速疊加、扭力疊加關係 35
3-4-5 轉速無限制關係、扭力無限制關係 36
3-5 構造圖合成與分類 37
3-5-1 構造圖合成 37
3-5-2 混合動力系統構造圖分類 42
第四章 混合動力系統效率分析 47
4-1 模擬分析工具 47
4-1-1 ADVISOR 車輛模擬軟體 48
4-1-2 ADVISOR 模擬流程 49
4-2 混合動力系統配置與模擬 49
4-2-1 配置元件介紹 52
4-2-2 傳統引擎動力系統 56
4-2-3 扭力耦合器動力系統 59
4-2-4 轉速耦合器動力系統 66
4-2-5 THS混合動力系統 67
4-2-6 串聯式動力系統 76
4-3 小結 81
第五章 新型混合動力系統模擬與分析 82
5-1 新型油電混合動力系統 82
5-1-1 耦合機構分析 86
5-1-2 新型混合動力系統配置 88
5-1-3 控制策略 90
5-2 新型油電混合動力系統模擬 91
5-2-1 系統建模 91
5-3 模擬結果 94
5-3-1 WLTC行車型態模擬結果 94
5-3-2 電量充足行駛ECE-15行車型態 96
5-3-3 電量不足行駛ECE-15行車型態 100
5-4 小結 103
第六章 結論 104
6-1 結論 104
6-2 未來展望 105
參考文獻 106



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