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研究生:翁瑞霞
研究生(外文):Ruei-Sia Wong
論文名稱:鋼鐵廠戴奧辛排放對區域性之累積性健康風險評估研究
論文名稱(外文):The Total Human Health Risk Assessment of Dioxin from the Steel Plant in the Local Area
指導教授:馬鴻文馬鴻文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hwong-wen Ma
口試委員:李公哲張慶源
口試委員(外文):Kung-Cheh LiChing-Yuan Chang
口試日期:2015-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:環境工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:健康風險評估戴奧辛鋼鐵廠多介質模式背景濃度
外文關鍵詞:Human health risk assessmentDioxinSteel plantmultimedia modelBackground concentration
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健康風險評估因可將環境污染現況的模擬結果與當地居民的生活情境作結合,進一步了解污染情況對於人類健康的影響,有利於相關評估者,決策管理者的進行相關的剖析及判斷,故近年來已廣泛地做相關的運用。
本研究收集高雄臨海工業區內的一貫作業鋼鐵廠生產過程中所排放代表性的有害空氣污染物-戴奧辛為案例,結合及周遭的居民受體的暴露資訊,納入大氣擴散及多介質擴散方法,量化出在我國環保主管機關所訂定的排放標準是否有保護到居民的健康,並進一步比較在實際排放濃度下居民所受到的實際風險,研究結果健康致癌風險均低於10-6。
另以累積性風險評估的思維,設定於多重污染源下單一污染物種的系統進行分析,除前述一貫作業鋼鐵廠外尚包含背景源,進行多重來源下對於戴奧辛累積性致癌風險綜合探討,研究結果顯示背景源所造成的風險不可忽略。


Human health risk assessment can connect the contaminated environment media with the scenario of human life and estimate the probability of adverse health effect in humans. Recently, this approach has been largely applied in several areas and helps assessors or leaders make the decision.
The research is focus on the typical air toxic pollutant – dioxin from the sinter process of the steel plant in Linhi industrial park in Kaohsiung city . I combine the exposure scenario with contaminated environment media which was predicted by the air dispersion model and multiple media model in order to understand whether the emission standard of the dioxin from steel plant is reasonable for the local residents. Furthermore, I also evaluate the human health risk in the real pollutant emission status. The results show the both risk are below 10-6
The research also discuss and investigate the system from multiple source of dioxin ,including sinter process of the steel plant and background concentration by the accumulative health risk analysis . The results show the human health risk from background concentration can’t be ignored.


摘要 I
Abstract II
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1健康風險評估 3
2.1.1健康風險評估起源及應用 3
2.1.2健康風險評估執行流程 5
2.2累積性健康風險評估 9
2.2.1累積性健康風險評估定義 9
2.2.2累積性風險評估之案例分析 14
2.3鋼鐵廠戴奧辛排放探討 19
2.3.1鋼鐵廠製程分析 19
2.3.2戴奧辛環境流布及毒理分析 22
第三章 研究方法 27
3.1研究流程 27
3.2研究工具介紹 29
3.2.1大氣擴散模式及參數設定 29
3.2.2地理資訊系統 35
3.2.3環境多介質模式-環境多介質傳輸 36
3.2.4環境多介質模式-暴露情境設定 52
3.2.5環境多介質模式-劑量效應評估與風險量化 56
3.3背景濃度及周界檢測數值分析 58
第四章 結果與討論 61
4.1戴奧辛排放標準之健康風險結果分析 61
4.1.1大氣擴散模式結果 61
4.1.2健康風險模擬結果分析 67
4.2實際排放現況健康風險結果探討 71
4.3鋼鐵廠實際排放情境下之累積性風險評估結果 73
4,4鋼鐵廠戴奧辛排放之整體濃度貢獻分析 77
4.5不確定性分析 78
第五章 結論與建議 82
5.1結論 82
5.2建議 83
參考文獻 84


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