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研究生:張志嘉
研究生(外文):Chih-Chia Chang
論文名稱:以碳纖維增強錫 - 鉛合金之複合材料的磨耗
論文名稱(外文):Wear of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Tin-Lead Alloy Composites
指導教授:何智廷何智廷引用關係
指導教授(外文):HO, Chi-Ting
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:機械設計工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:錫-鉛合金碳纖維
外文關鍵詞:Tin-lead alloyCarbon fiber
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摘要
錫-鉛合金具有性能穩定、嵌入性、熔點低、流動性佳及耐腐蝕性等性質。目前最常應用於焊料、軸承、航太工業及電子業上,若能增加軸承強度,便可減少整體軸承的尺寸將更節省成本及空間。

本實驗將碳纖維浸泡在0.1mol/L的濃縮氫氧化鈉(NaOH)電解液放置3分鐘,在放置硫酸鎳浴,經8伏特和10安培電鍍12~15分鐘,完成纖維鍍層,將碳纖維放入模穴,把模具溫度升溫至150℃,接著將液體焊料加熱到300℃倒入模具,維持在150℃和壓力範圍30到50MPa,立即通過活塞在模具頂部施加壓力,在壓力下維持10分鐘,同時模具冷卻至接近室溫。

最後實驗結果發現,經過鍍層的碳纖維之複合材料與沒經過鍍層碳纖維之複合材料相比之下,經過鍍層的碳纖維之複合材料具有較高的拉伸強度,且在磨料磨損條件下,含有鍍層纖維之複合材料是比較好的,但在滑動磨損下未含鍍層纖維之複合材料是比較好的。


Abstract
Tin-lead alloys with stable performance, embedded, low melting point, good fluidity, and corrosion resistance properties. Currently most often used in solder, bearings, aerospace and electronics industry, and if we can increase the bearing strength, it can reduce the overall dimensions of the bearing will be more cost and space.

This experiment will carbon fiber soaking in 0.1mol/L of concentrated sodium hydroxide (NaOH) electrolytic liquid placed 3 minutes, in placed sulfuric acid nickel bath, by 8 volts and 10 amps plating 12-15 minutes, completed fiber surface processing, will carbon fiber into mold cavity, put mold temperature warming to 150 ℃, then will liquid solder heating to 300 ℃ pour mold, maintained in 150 ℃ and pressure range 30 to 50 MPa, immediately through piston in mold top Department put pressure on, in pressure maintained 10 minutes, While the mold is cooled to near room temperature.

Test results found that after surface treatment of carbon fiber composite material and without surface treatment of carbon fiber composites, by contrast, after surface treatment has a high tensile strength and abrasion conditions, containing coated fiber composites are relatively good, but under sliding wear does not contain the coating of fiber composites are relatively good.


目錄
Abstract............................... iii
誌 謝.................................. v
目錄.................................... vi
表目錄.................................. ix
圖目錄.................................. x
第一章緒論.............................. 1
1.1研究背景............................. 1
1.2研究目的與方法 ........................2
1.3 論文架構............................ 3
第二章研究背景與理論探討.................. 5
2.1常用合金種類與介紹.................... 5
2.1.1合金............................... 5
2.1.2 合金鋼............................ 7
2.1.3 鋁合金............................ 7
2.1.4 銅合金............................ 8
2.1.5 鋅合金............................ 9
2.1.6 錫鉛合金.......................... 9
2.1.7 常見合金的應用與特性............... 11
2.2 表面處理介紹......................... 12
2.2.1表面處理........................... 12
2.2.2表面處理分類........................ 13
2.2.3技術分類........................... 14
2.2.4表面處理的目的..................... 17
2.3碳纖維介紹........................... 18
2.3.1碳纖維............................. 18
2.3.2碳纖維的發起....................... 19
2.3.3強化物之重要性..................... 21
2.3.4碳纖維之材料特性................... 21
2.3.5碳纖維之表面處理................... 23
2.3.6電化學氧化(本實驗採電化學氧化)....... 25
2.3.7碳纖維之機械強度.................... 26
2.4拉伸試驗介紹......................... 27
2.4.1拉伸試驗機......................... 27
2.4.2拉伸試驗機原理..................... 29
2.4.3應力(Stress)與應變(Strain)......... 33
2.4.4斷裂型態的分析..................... 34
2.5磨耗試驗............................ 35
第三章實驗流程與結果.................... 40
3.1纖維表面處理......................... 40
3.2錫-鉛合金添加碳纖維製作............... 41
3.3拉伸測試............................. 41
3.3.1碳纖維拉伸......................... 41
3.3.2複合材料拉伸........................ 42
3.4 磨耗測試............................ 45
3.4.1磨料磨損........................... 45
3.4.2滑動磨損........................... 48
第四章結論.............................. 50
參考文獻................................ 51
Extended Abstract...................... 53
簡 歷................................. 56


參考文獻
[1]C. F. OLD, I. BARWOOD and M. G. NICHOLAS, Pract Met. Compos., Spring Meet., B47-B50, London, England, Inst. Metall. (1974).
[2]C.T. HO and D. D. L. CHUNG, J. Mater. Res, 5 (1990) 1266.
[3]A. MIYASE and K. PIEKARSKI, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Fracture Vol. 3b, edited by D. M. R. Taplin (Pergamon, Elmsford, NY, 1978), pp. 1067-1071.
[4]D. G. GELDERLOOS and K. R. KARSSEK. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 3 (1984) 232.
[5]H. O. LEIS and P. W. M. PETERS, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-MIII, (1980) 1108.
[6]B. C. PAI and P. K. ROHATGI, Mater. Sci. Eng. 21 (1975) 161.
[7]W. C. FU, Y. M. FANG and Y. D. FENG, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-VI, (1987) 2183.
[8]H. A. KATZMAN, J. Mater. Sci. 22 (1987) 144.
[9]A. G. KULKARNI. B. C. PAI and N. BALASUBRA-MANIAN, ibid. 14 (1979) 1572.
[10]C. T. HO, J. Mater. Res. 8 (1994) 2144.
[11]C. T. HO, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 14 (1995) 135.
[12]E. FITZER, “Carbon Fibers and Their Composites” (Springer, Berlin, 1985).
[13]E. ZYWICZ and D. M. PARKS, Compos. Sci. Technol. 33 (1988) 2955.
[14]S. F. SMITH, Met. Finish. 77 (1979) 60.
[15]複合材料纖維學 許明發 郭文雄 編著
[16]合金,取自http://baike.baidu.com/view/101949.htm
[17]表面處理,取自http://baike.baidu.com/view/696607.htm#5_4
[18]拉伸試驗,取自http://www.chihong-ht.com.tw/pdf/ch-k-101.pdf 、http://www.doc88.com/p-791226014845.html
[19]磨耗試驗,取自 http://baike.baidu.com/view/1663269.htm、
http://baike.baidu.com/view/293115.htm


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