跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.201.99.222) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/12/05 23:01
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:胡毓庭
研究生(外文):Yu-Ting Hu
論文名稱:奈米材料塗佈鋰電池隔離膜之熱性質探討
論文名稱(外文):Thermal Property Enhancement of Lithium-ion Battery Membrane Separator Coated with Nanomaterials.
指導教授:陳瑞金陳瑞金引用關係鄒智揮
指導教授(外文):Jui-Chin ChenChi-Hui Tsou
口試委員:陳瑞金鄒智揮洪維松
口試委員(外文):Jui-Chin ChenChi-Hui TsouWei-Song Hung
口試日期:2015-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:亞東技術學院
系所名稱:纖維與材料應用產業研發碩士專班
學門:工程學門
學類:紡織工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:鋰電池隔離膜熱失控
外文關鍵詞:Lithium-ion Battery
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:251
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
隨著科技進步電子產品微型化已成為市場的主流趨勢,相對的電池尺寸也跟著縮小,但對電容量的要求卻越來越大,因此近年來電池爆炸事件層出不窮,探究原因不外乎是電池之隔離膜產生熱失控現象,導致短路與爆炸。因此對於這些經過奈米噴塗與表面處理的隔離膜,在發電過程中所產生的火災爆炸現象研究將更顯重要。
因此本研究擬探討鋰電池隔離膜因熱致縮孔效應,或不同奈米材料與鋰電池隔離膜結合後之熱穩定性的提升,或摩擦所產生爆炸危險之相關基礎研究。文中欲探討之奈米粒子種類除了常見的金屬粉體,金、鉑、銅、鐵與鋅之外,亦將近期廣泛被應用在電池電擊的新型奈米材料石墨烯進行討論。因此期望此研究報告在對於奈米化隔離膜之相關工業安全考量部分,能提供重要參考依據。

As technology has advanced, miniaturized electronic products have become dominant in the market. Although battery sizes have been reduced, the demand for large battery capacity increases. Battery explosions have frequently occurred in recent years, primarily because thermal runaway can occur on the battery separator, causing short circuits and explosions. Such explosions occur during the power generation process, and are caused by the mechanical failure of separators that have undergone nanocoating and surface treatment; thus, examining this phenomenon is crucial.

Relevant studies were reviewed that detailed the explosions resulting from static electricity or friction in batteries in which various nanomaterials were integrated with nonwoven fabrics. Common metal powders such as Ag, Au, Pt, Cu, Fe, and Zn were investigated in this study in addition to the novel nanomaterial graphene and its derivatives, which have been prevalently applied in recently developed battery electrodes. Moreover, because the upper and lower explosive limits of the evaluated materials are influenced by humidity, various humidity levels were applied to examine the explosions in batteries after nanomaterials were integrated with nonwoven fabrics. The findings should serve as a crucial reference regarding industrial safety in nanopractical production plants.

摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖索引 VI
表索引 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 鋰電池與隔離膜之簡介 2
1.2.1 鋰離子二次電池之發展趨勢與近況 4
1.3隔離膜結構與特性 5
1.3.1微孔隙薄膜 7
1.3.2改質薄膜 11
1.3.3不織布 12
1.3.4複合薄膜 14
1.4文獻回顧 16
1.4.1鋰電池隔離膜 16
1.4.2鋰電池安全性相關文獻蒐集 21
1.5 研究動機與目的 29
第二章 實驗 31
2.1 實驗藥品 31
2.2 實驗儀器與設備 32
2.3 實驗方法 33
2.3.1奈米化隔離膜製備 33
2.3.2傅立葉轉換紅外線光譜儀(Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, FTIR) 35
2.3.3 X射線光電子能譜儀(X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS) 35
2.3.4 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡 (Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope, FE-SEM) 36
2.3.5微差式掃描熱卡計分析 (Differential scanning calorimeter, DSC) 37
2.3.6微熱重分析儀(Thermogravimetric analyzer, TGA)分析 37
2.3.7表面親疏水性測試分析 38
2-3-8 正電子湮滅壽命譜分析(Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy, PALS) 39
第三章 結果與討論 41
3-1 鋰電池隔離膜之性質鑑定 41
3-2 熱處理溫度對品牌A隔離膜之影響 51
3-2-1 熱處理溫度對品牌A隔離膜之微結構影響 53
3-2-2 熱處理溫度對品牌A隔離膜之熱性質分析 56
3-2-3 熱處理溫度對品牌A隔離膜之物性影響 58
3-3 奈米化對品牌A隔離膜之影響 60
第四章 結論 75
第五章 參考文獻 76

[1]Xiaosong Huang, J Solid State Electrochem (2011) 15:649–662
[2]H. Y. Sung, Y. Y. Wang, and C. C. Wan, “Preparation and characterization of poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate)-based gel electrolytesfor Li-ion batteries”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 1207-1211(1998).
[3]陳金銘, “下世代高能量鋰電池與材料技術趨勢”, 工業材料, 302,2012/2 月, p.71
[4]M. R. Palacín, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2009, 38, 2565
[5]M. B. Johnson and G. L. Wilkes, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2002,
[6]84,1762
[7]M. B. Johnson and G. L. Wilkes, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2001,
[8]81,2944
[9]M. B. Johnson and G. L. Wilkes, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2002,
[10]83,2095.
[11]0 P. Jacoby, C. W. Bauer, S. R. Clingman and W. T.
[12]Tapp,Oriented polymeric microporous films, U.S. Patent5317035,
[13]1994.
[14]H. Hi g u c h i , K. Ma t s u s h i t a , M. E z o e a n d T.Shinomura,Porous lm, process for producing the same and use of the same, U.S. Patent 5385777, 1995.
[15]H. Sogo, Separator for a battery using an organic electrolytic solution and method for preparing the same, U.S. Patent 5641565, 1997
[16]M. Yang and J. Hou, Membranes, 2012, 2, 367
[17]Hun Lee, Energy & Environmental Science,2014,7
[18]S. S. Zhang, J. Power Sources, 2007, 164, 351
[19]J. S. Oh, Y. Kang and D. W. Kim, Electrochim. Acta, 2006,52, 1567.
[20]J. Y. Kim, Y. Lee and D. Y. Lim, Electrochim. Acta, 2009,54,3714
[21]J. L. Gineste and G. Pourcelly, J. Membr. Sci., 1995, 107,155.
[22]K. J. Kim, Y. H. Kim, J. H. Song, Y. N. Jo, J. S. Kim andY. J.Kim, J. Power Sources, 2010, 195, 6075.
[23]W. E. Schortmann, Nonwoven laminate with wet-laid barrier fabric and related method, U.S. Patent 5204165, 1993
[24]T. Ashida and T. Tsukuda, Nonwoven fabric for separator of non-aqueous electrolyte battery and non-aqueous electrolyte battery using the same, U.S. Patent 6200706, 2001
[25]M. Tanaka, H. Yamazaki, Y. Kondo, K. Takahashi T. Takaseand S. Oota, Battery separator, U.S. Patent 6586137, 2003
[26]2004, 50, 69
[27]J. P. Locquet, J. Perret, J. Fompeyrine, E. Machler, J. W. Seo and G. Van Tendeloo, Nature, 1998, 394, 453.
[28]M. Kinouchi, T. Akazawa, T. Oe, R. Kogure, K. Kawabata and Y. Nakakita, Battery separator and lithium secondary battery, U.S. Patent 6627346, 2003.
[29]M. Kim, G. Y. Han, K. J. Yoon and J. H. Park, J. Power Sources, 2010, 195, 8302
[30]Celgard and Entek Battery Separator Development,2009
[31]C. H. Lee1, “鋰電池隔離膜發展趨勢與近況”, 工業材料, 339,2015/03月, p.96
[32]L. T. Huang1, “有機/無機複合塗層在鋰電池之應用” , 工業材料, 339,2015/03月, p.104
[33]J. Fang, A. Kelarakis, Y. W. Lin, et al. Phys. Chem.Chem. Phys. 13 (2011) 14457-14461
[34]Celgard, LLC, US 6432586
[35]EV Battery Forum (EVBF) conference 2012, Barcelona,LG Chem
[36]P. Zhang, C. Shi, P. T. Yang, et al. Chin. Sci. Bull.(Chin. Ver.), 58 (2013) 3124-3131
[37]The 29th International Battery Seminar & Exhibit,March 12-15, 2012, Entek
[38]Jie Zhao, Qiang Shi, Shifang Luan, Lingjie Song, Huawei Yang, Paola Stagnaro, Jinghua Yin, Polypropylene non-woven fabric membrane via surface modification with biomimetic phosphorylcholine in Ce(IV)/HNO3 redox system, Materials Science and Engineering: C 32 (2012) 1785-1789.
[39]吳鴻鈞、吳家維 ,奈米工廠火災爆炸研究-研磨機;勞工安全衛生研究所報告,2009。
[40]吳鴻鈞 ,奈米粉塵爆炸危害預防對策研究;勞工安全衛生研究所報告,2006。

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top