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研究生:謝宛靜
研究生(外文):Hsieh, Wan-Ching
論文名稱:領導者負向情緒、成員負向情緒與個人創造力間關係之實驗研究:以情緒承載力與回復力為干擾變數
論文名稱(外文):An Experimental Study of the Relationship among Leader’s Negative Emotion, Member’s Negative Emotion and Personal Creativity: Emotional Carrying Capacity and Resilience as Moderators
指導教授:方祥明方祥明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fang, Hsiang-Ming
口試委員:林晏瑜岑淑筱
口試委員(外文):Lin, Yen-YuTsen, Shu-Hsiao
口試日期:2015-06-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:負向情緒情緒承載力回復力創造力
外文關鍵詞:Negative emotionemotional carrying capacityresiliencecreativity
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:12
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本研究主要探討領導者負向情緒對成員負向情緒的影響,以及成員個人負向情緒對個人創造力的影響;其次,亦探討個人情緒承載力是否會干擾領導者負向情緒與成員個人負向情緒間的關係?而個人回復力是否會干擾成員個人負向情緒與個人創造力間的關係?本研究根據文獻探討,建立實證研究架構,並提出四項研究假設,採用「真實驗設計方法」(true experimental design)中的「前後測加控制組設計」(pretest-posttest control group design),並將領導者情緒區分成領導者「有負向情緒」與「無負向情緒」兩種情境。研究對象為某大學264位學生,隨機組成58個團隊,並分派至不同情緒的情境中完成研究者所指派之任務。受試者於任務完成後填寫問卷,以蒐集各研究變數資料,以檢定實驗變數操弄是否成功,並驗證研究假設是否成立。此外,為避免產生共同方法變異的偏差,個人創造力係由三位專家加以評定。而研究結果發現:
(一) 當團隊領導者所展現之負向情緒程度越高,則成員的個人負向情緒程度便會越高。
(二) 當團隊成員的個人負向情緒程度越高時,則其個人創造力表現將會越差。
(三) 當成員個人情緒承載力越高時,領導者負向情緒對成員個人負向情緒的正向影響越低。
(四) 當成員個人回復力越高時,則成員個人負向情緒對個人創造力的負向影響越低。

The objects of this study aims to examine whether the leader’s negative emotion will influence the member’s negative emotion and whether the member’s negative emotion will influence personal creativity. Second, it also examined the moderator effect of emotional carrying capacity on the relationship between leader’s and member’s negative emotion, and the moderator effect of resilience on the relationship between member’s negative emotion and creativity.
On the basis of purpose and literature review, this study proposed four hypotheses and the pretest-posttest control group design of true experimental design was used. And then, the leaders was divided into the leader “have negative emotion” and “no negative emotion”, two kinds of situations. The subjects were 58 teams includes 264 students who took the same course in a university; besides, the students were randomly assigned to different emotional situations and every student has to accomplish all the tasks and self-administered questionnaires from our researcher to collect the needed data by the research variables setting. To prevent the problem of common method variance in self-reported survey, the standard of personal creativity is available by three experts. Finally, the major findings were as follows:
(1) When the team leader shows the higher the degree of negative emotions, the members of the degree of negative emotions will be higher.
(2) When team members has the higher degree of negative emotions, then his/her creativity performance will be worse.
(3) When the member has the higher degree of emotional carrying capacity, the positive influence of leader’ s negative emotion to member’s negative emotion will be decreased.
(4) When the member has the higher degree of resilience, the negative influence of member’s negative emotion to personal creativity will be decreased.

謝誌 I
中文摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 4
第三節 研究程序 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 情緒 9
第二節 情緒承載力 12
第三節 回復力 14
第四節 個人創造力 16
第五節 研究變數間關係之相關研究 19
一、 領導者負向情緒與成員負向情緒間之關係 19
二、 個人負向情緒與個人創造力間之關係 20
三、 個人情緒承載力的干擾作用 21
四、 個人回復力的干擾作用 22
第三章 研究方法 24
第一節 研究架構 24
第二節 研究假設 25
第三節 研究對象與樣本 26
第四節 研究變數之操作性定義與衡量工具 27
第五節 實驗設計 34
第六節 實驗流程 37
第七節 控制變數 40
第八節 資料分析方法 41
第九節 信度與效度分析 43
第四章 研究結果 50
第一節 敘述性統計分析 50
第二節 實驗操弄效果之檢驗 51
第三節 各變數間之相關分析 54
第四節 各變數間之影響性分析 55
第五節 干擾效果分析 58
第五章 結論與建議 61
第一節 研究結果 61
第二節 研究意涵 66
第三節 研究限制 69
第四節 未來研究建議 71
參考文獻 73
附錄一 實驗指導語 79
附錄二 海難事件情境個案一 80
附錄三 海難事件情境個案二 81
附錄四 個人創造力評分表 82
附錄五 實驗問卷 83
附錄五 實驗過程紀錄 88


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