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研究生:魏書筠
研究生(外文):Shu-Yun Wei
論文名稱:工具機監控與展示系統之研究與開發
論文名稱(外文):A Study and Development of Machine Tools Monitoring and Demonstration System
指導教授:黃耀賢黃耀賢引用關係林明華林明華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yao-Hsien HuangMing-Hua Lin
口試委員:蔡淵裕李孟燦劉仲鑫
口試委員(外文):Yuan-Yu TsaiMeng-Tsan LiChung-Hsin Liu
口試日期:2015-07-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:實踐大學
系所名稱:資訊科技與管理學系碩士班
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:工業 4·0工具機穿戴式裝置擴增實境
外文關鍵詞:Industry 4.0Machine ToolsWearable DeviceAugmented Reality
相關次數:
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工具機可製造包括汽車、航太、國防、機械等產業金屬零件,亦可作為製造各種機械設備金屬零件的加工機械。在新興的半導體、面板等高科技產業方面,部分零組件或耗材的加工製程,也都必須透過工具機來製造,用途非常廣泛。工具機產業在台灣是少數經濟規模破兆的產業,在國際具有良好的競爭力。根據Gardner Research的研究報告所述,亞洲地區的工具機生產強國除了台灣外,還有韓國、日本與大陸等,因此,如何使台灣工具機產業維持全球競爭力為當務之急。

台灣工具機產業在行銷展示方面,多利用傳統宣傳方式如:影片或宣傳單,客戶只可以在固定的角度觀察工具機,對於工具機的銷售並不是一個很好的方式;若能將擴增實境與虛擬實境技術運用於工具機產業的行銷上,以虛擬3D的方式呈現工具機,客戶除了能夠在任何時間、任何地點以虛擬3D的方式觀察工具機機身之外,且不受設備限制,更能透過此系統觀看工具機實際運作動畫,不但可以達到無遠弗界的國際數位行銷的目的,也可擺脫傳統宣傳單與影片易受地點與時間限制的行銷手法。

工業4.0被提出後,工業生產朝向無人生產工廠與全自動化製造發展,隨著全球工業產業升級,機器人與多軸控制系統技術的成熟,物聯網、雲端運算與巨量資料、與穿戴式裝置的崛起,除了帶給人類更方便的生活外,結合行動運算與無處不在的網路技術,穿戴式裝置可將行動運算發揮得淋漓盡致。將穿戴式裝置結合AR、VR與工廠監控生產管理開發出一個工具機監控管理系統,會大大提升台灣工具機產業之競爭力。

為了提升台灣工具機產業的數位行銷能力與台灣無人自動化工廠的監控與維護能力,本論文研究開發一套工具機監控與展示系統(Machine tools Monitoring and Demonstration system, MTMD system),此系統既可呈現出各個工具機實際的功能特性,也將利用資料庫中的工具機監控資料,將其資料結合穿戴式裝置Google glass與行動裝置,開發一個工具機自動化監控與展示系統,並結合室內定位技術iBeacon,使用iBeacon的必要性在於全球定位技術因諸多環境因素無法在室內空間定位,而iBeacon能夠透過低功耗藍牙進行室內定位,且耗電量低,此技術屬於物聯網概念中的一項重要環節,將MTMD系統結合iBeacon技術,可透過物聯網技術收集各工具機資料以進行雲端分析與管理,讓工具機廠工作人員不但可線上取得工具機監控資料之外,更利於工具機工廠之監控生產管理,使工具機監控人員從監控資料得知每台工具機的狀態,判斷各台工具機的停機保養需求,可達到即時維持工具機生產的品質進而提高其競爭力。

In today’s advanced manufacturing industries, machine tools are used to manufacture metal parts for various industries such as aerospace, military, machinery industry and multiple others. According to Gardner Research (2015), Taiwan has maintained a high production of competiveness in machine tools manufacturing, but did Korea, Japan and China as well. Thus, Taiwan has emphasized its importance in maintaining its global competiveness in the machine tools industry.

Currently, Taiwan's machine tools industries advertise via a traditional method of marketing by using static videos and leaflets. In addition, numerous workers have to operate each machine tool individually with various production rates. Thus, to enhance Taiwan’s stance amongst its competitors, it is necessary to integrate high-tech technology into the machine tools industries.

After the proposal of Industry 4.0, several manufacturing industries began developing unmanned and automated factories. Along with global industrial upgrading via the creation of IoT (Internet of Things), cloud computing, and wearable technology, has led to an increase in convenience, manageability, and accessibility of accessing information immediately. Thus, the need to create a system that integrates smart factories and technology is demonstrated via the machine tools monitoring and demonstration system (MTMD system). By utilizing the MTMD system via wearable technology with Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR), will allow industries to monitor and manage their production level in real-time with ease and efficiency. Thus, the implementation of the MTMD system will greatly enhance Taiwan's competitive role in the machine tools industry worldwide.

In addition, the MTMD includes adopting AR and VR in marketing, where potential clientele will not only be able to observe the details of various machine tools in 3D in AR, but will also be able to see how each machine tool operates in 3D animation. In addition, viewing products in AR & VR will bring Taiwan’s machine tools industries into the limelight.
MTMD also encompasses the combination of Google Glass to access each machine tool’s data by creating an automated monitoring and maintenance system. By adopting an indoor localization technology iBeacon, MTMD is able to collect and access data in cloud from various machine tools via in an energy efficient manner immediately. In addition, MTMD allows each operator to analyze and monitor the production level of each machine tool and make immediate adjustments if necessary of maintenance or production enhancement. Thus, the induction of MTMD will aid in achieving real-time maintenance as well as production levels of machine tools in the machine tools industries of Taiwan.

致謝 I
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 IV
表次 V
圖次 VI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 全球工業先進製造與技術發展 5
第二節 工具機產業 7
第三節 穿戴式裝置 12
第四節 物聯網與IBEACON 21
第五節 AR 26
第六節 VR 37
第三章 MTMD SYSTEM 41
第一節 系統整體架構 41
第二節 工具機監控分析層 42
第三節 工具機呈現層 47
第四章 結果與驗證 65
第一節 AR監控與展示系統 65
第二節 虛擬實境監控與展示系統 71
第三節 MTM APP 78
第五章 結論與未來工作 84
第一節 結論 84
第二節 未來工作 85
參考文獻 86


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