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研究生:李致緯
研究生(外文):Chih-Wei Lee
論文名稱:工作能量的流失與補充?員工下班後的休閒經驗、心理區隔與其復原效果之探討
論文名稱(外文):Loss and Restore of Work Energy?Recovery Effect of Leisure Experience and Psychological Detachment on Employee's Life after Work.
指導教授:徐富珍徐富珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fu-Chen Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:社會心理學研究所(含碩專班)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:資源保存理論休閒活動休閒經驗復原狀態復原狀態心理區隔職業倦怠工作滿意生活滿意
外文關鍵詞:state of being recoveredrecoveryleisure activityleisure experiencepsychological detachmentjob burnoutjob satisfactionlife satisfaction
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人們經過一天工作下來,身體的能量及情緒資源會因為應付工作任務而流失,下了班回家後,此時員工疲憊的身心需要復原。假若人們一天工作後,沒有做一些使自己復原的活動,那麼工作所產生的不良影響,可能會延續到隔天的工作,而員工如果復原順利,隔天會有較好的復原狀態應付日常工作任務。而休閒活動能則夠幫助個體產生復原狀態。而當在進行休閒活動時思考著工作上的事情,則會影響員工休閒活動的品質。

本研究探討員工平時從事休閒活動之頻率,以及放鬆、精熟、社交類休閒活動及經驗,是否有助於增進員工的復原狀態?同時探討工作結束後心理區隔對於休閒活動及經驗和復原狀態間的調節效果。此外,本研究亦會探討復原狀態與工作滿意度、生活滿意度與職業倦怠之關聯性。

本研究採用問卷調查法,以便利抽樣的方式,進行資料收集工作。最後總共回收有效問卷426份,以SPSS套裝軟體進行統計分析。根據研究目的與研究假設,以描述性統計、信度分析、單一樣本t檢定、獨立樣本 t 檢定、變異數分析、相關分析、階層迴歸分析等方式加以檢驗。

研究結果發現:

員工較常從事放鬆類的休閒活動,比較少從事精熟類和社交類的休閒活動。在心理區隔對休閒活動頻率及經驗與復原狀態的調節效果方面,發現心理區隔與休閒活動及經驗交互作用項中,心理區隔和放鬆經驗的交互作用項達顯著水準。也就是說,在本研究中,心理區隔對放鬆經驗和復原狀態間,具有調節效果。經分析後發現,當員工能夠心理區隔時,放鬆經驗產生的復原狀態通常會比心理區隔低的人獲
得更多,有助於增進放鬆經驗和復原狀態的關係。

由研究結果顯示復原狀態對職業倦怠具有顯著的預測力;即員工的復原狀態越好,其職業倦怠會越低。此外復原狀態對工作滿意度具有顯著的預測力,員工的復原狀態越好,其工作滿意度會越高。最後,復原狀態對生活滿意度具有顯著的預測力;即員工的復原狀態越好,其生活滿意度會越高。
After daily work, employees’ energy and emotional resources will loss due to handle tasks and work, therefore they need to recover. If employees do nothing to recover, the negative effects will impact their work efficiency. However, if they recover adequately, they will work with more enthusiasm, good emotional states and vigor on the next workday.

According the theory of conservation of resources, leisure activities could enhance employees’ state of being recovered. In our study, we would explore the effects of leisure activities and the moderating effects of psychological detachment in the processes of employees’ recovery from work. Furthermore, we investigated the effects of employees’ state of being recovered on their job satisfaction, life satisfaction and job burnout.

This study used questionnaires and the convenient sampling method for data collection. We collected 426 valid questionnaires and used SPSS software to analyze these data. According the study purposes and hypotheses, we used descriptive statistics, reliability, independent sample t-test, ANOVA, One-Samples T Test, the correlation analysis, and the regression analysis.

The results showed that relax and social experiences enhanced the state of being recovered at the beginning of the workday. And we also found the moderating effect of psychological detachment on the relationship between relax experience and state of being recovered. Specifically, the relax experiences were more strongly associated with state of being recovered on employees with high psychological detachment than with low psychological detachment.

Finally, research found the state of being recovered of employees predicted their job burnout, job satisfaction, and life satisfaction. The state of being recovered were negatively related to job burnout. In addition, the state of being recovered were positively related to the job satisfaction and life satisfaction.
目次
摘要 ............................................... I
英文摘要 .......................................... III
目次 ............................................... V
圖次 .............................................. VI
表次 .............................................. VI
第一章 研究動機 ...................................... 1
第二章 文獻探討 ...................................... 3
第一節 資源保存理論 ................................... 3
第二節 休閒活動及經驗與復原狀態的關係 .................... 6
第三節 心理區隔的調節效果 .............................. 9
第四節 復原狀態與工作滿意、生活滿意、職業倦怠的關係 ........ 11
第五節 研究假設 ..................................... 15
第三章 研究方法 ..................................... 17
第一節 研究工具 ..................................... 20
第二節 樣本特性及量表信度分析 .......................... 25
第二節 統計方法 ..................................... 25
第四章 研究結果 ..................................... 27
第一節 資源流失與休閒活動經驗之現況分析 .................. 27
第二節 休閒活動頻率及經驗與
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