跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.211.117.197) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/21 03:52
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:吳政翰
研究生(外文):Jeng-Han Wu
論文名稱:運用於車用抬頭顯示器之寬幅雷射投影技術
論文名稱(外文):The Wide Laser Projection Technology Applied on Head-up Display
指導教授:陳建宇陳建宇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Yu Chen
口試委員:卓達雄林伯昰
口試委員(外文):Ta-Hsiung ChoBor-Shyh Lin
口試日期:2015-07-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電子工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:車用抬頭顯示器雷射投影全像元件虛像投影
外文關鍵詞:Head-Up DisplayLaser ProjectionHolographic Optical ElementVirtual image projection system
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:344
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文提出以直角稜鏡與全像光柵結合運用在影像分離元件上,藉此元件之設計使原始圖像的上、中、下部分將會被劃分為三個水平並排之圖像,使影像之水平視野增加,提供駕駛者更舒適與安全的圖像。再通過虛像投影系統將影像精準地投影至擋風玻璃後160cm處,其架構內之虛像投影系統則利用ZEMAX軟體進行模擬分析。我們從系統所需之MTF值、成像距離等要素來決定透鏡的雛型,並藉由優化設計使其能達到高品質成像之目的。

為了使影像能順利的分為三個部分,我需要先透過直角稜鏡來使光線產生水平偏折,再以全像光柵使影像呈垂直方向之偏折,最後使影像水平並排成一實像於擴散片上,達到區分出水平方向之左影像、中影像、右影像之效果。藉此設計可將系統之FOV水平視角由2.51°增加至7.22°,成功設計出具有大角度分光功能之寬幅雷射抬頭顯示器,如此可較不影響行車視野,且微型化後的系統也可減少車內佔用空間。

In this study, an image dividing element, which combines a corner cube prism and a holographic optical element, is proposed. It can divide an image into three parts, and this image, through the virtual image projection system, can accurately project the images into 160cm behind the windshield. In order to meet the requirements, ZEMAX is used for the design and optimization. It includes the MTF and imaging distance.

In order to distinguish the left image, middle image, and right image at the horizontal direction, a corner cube is first utilized for horizontally deflecting the light; a holographic optical element is then used for presenting the vertical deflection of the image; and finally, the images are horizontally arranged a real image on the diffuser. By this element, the horizontal FOV increases from 2.51° to 7.22°, allowing a wide-view laser-based head-up display with the large-angle beam splitting function being successfully designed. It would not affect the field of view on the road, and the miniaturized system could reduce the space in a vehicle.

摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章、緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 車用抬頭顯示器發展回顧 3
1.3 寬幅車用抬頭顯示系統之設計實例 8
1.4 研究步驟及方法 10
1.5 論文架構 11
第二章、光學設計原理 12
2.1 光學成像原理 12
2.2 高斯成像公式介紹 12
2.3 有限遠與無限遠光學系統公式 13
2.3.1 薄透鏡成像公式 15
2.3.2 厚透鏡成像公式 16
2.4 像差理論 18
2.4.1 色散像差 19
2.4.2 薄稜鏡之色散像 20
2.4.3 球面像差 21
2.4.4 彗星像差 21
2.4.5 像散像差 22
2.4.6 場曲像差 22
2.4.7 畸變像差 23
2.5 人眼特性 23
第三章、全像光學設計原理 26
3.1 穿透式全像片 26
3.2 反射式全像片 27
3.3 全像片拍攝材料選擇 28
第四章、寬幅車用抬頭顯示器之設計與模擬 29
4.1 影像分離元件 30
4.1.1直角型偏向稜鏡之設計 31
4.1.2全像光柵之設計 33
4.2 虛像投影系統 35
4.2.1現有透鏡之模擬建模 37
4.2.2透鏡優化設計 43
第五章、結果與討論 47
5.1 影像分離元件之製作 47
5.2 虛像投影系統之製作 52
5.3 寬幅雷射抬頭顯示器成像結果 54
5.4 成像品質分析 57
5.4.1影像對比亮度分析 57
5.4.2影像光斑分析 59
5.5 雷射寬幅投影技術優缺點比較 62
第六章、結論與未來展望 64
6.1. 結論 64
6.2. 未來展望 64
參考文獻. 65

[1].行政院內政部統計處http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/,民國102年。
[2].Y.C.Liu, M.H.Wen, “Comparison of head-up display vs.head-down display:driving performance of commercialvehicl e operators in Taiwan”, J. Human-Computer Studies , No.61, p.679-p.697, 2004.
[3].M.H. Kalmanash, “Digital HUDs for tactical aircraft ”, Defense, Security , Cockpit and Future Displays II , Proc. of SPIE Vol.6225, 2006.
[4].M.Donath, C.Shankwitz, H.Lim,“A GPS-Based Head Up Display for Driving Under Low Visibility Condition, 2003.
[5].M. Kivanc Hedili, Mark O. Freeman, and Hakan Urey, “Microlens array-based high-gain screen design or direct projection head-up displays”, Applied Optics, Vol. 52, No. 6, 2013.
[6].M. K. Hedili, M. O. Freeman, and H. Urey, “Microstructured head-up display screen for automotive applications,” Proc. SPIE 8428, 84280X, 2012.
[7].M. Wanninger, “LED light source for head-up displays”, Ptotonics in the Automobile, Proc. of SPIE Vol.5663, 2005.
[8].G.E. Freeman, U.S. Patent 7,060,343, 2006.
[9].Y.Narukawa, ”White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy.”, J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys, 43, 354002, 2010.
[10].N.Jim, D.Verno, "The Carbon Dioxide Laser", Davidson Physics, 17, 2014.
[11].宏瞻科技, http://www.alvis-tech.com/
[12].CES: Audi’s Super Head-Up Display., 2012
[13].N. Kanamori, Y. Hatanaka, “Head-up display apparatus”, Patent US7508356, 2009.
[14].鄭舜文、江志彬、許日滔, “車用抬頭顯示器之光學系統設計”, The 17th National Conference on Vehicle Engineering, Nov. 9, 2012.
[15].M.Y.Jung, “Vehicle sun visor with auto-shanding prompter screen”, U. S. patent 7413233, 2008
[16].R.A.Serway, J.W. Jewett “Physics for Scientists and Engineers”, 2004.
[17].E. Hecht, “Optics,” 3rded., Chap. 5 in Geometrical Optics, p.159, Addison Wesley, 2002.
[18].V.N. Mahajan,“Optical imaging and aberration PART I ray geometrical optics”, SPIE Press, 1998
[19].F.L. Pedrotti, S.J., L.M. Pedrotti, L. S. Pedrotti, "Introduction to Optics," 3thed., Pearson International Edition, 2002.
[20].E.L.Dereniak, T.D.Dereniak, “Geometrical and Trigonometric Optics”, p.164-p.186 ,2008.
[21].N. Mahajan, "Optical imaging and aberrations PartI. ray geometrical optics," SPIE PRESS, 1998.
[22].R.Bern, “Principles of Color Technology, 3rd, 2000.
[23].R.Kingslake, R.B.Johnson, “Lens Design Fundamentals”, 2rd, p.101-p.135, 2010.
[24].大田登, “基礎色彩再現工程”, 全華出版社, 3rd, p.2-17, 2009.
[25].許阿娟, 朱嘉雯, 林佳芬, 陳志隆, “光學系統設計”, 4rd, p.4-3, 2002.
[26].E.L.Dereniak, T.D.Dereniak, , “Geometrical and Trigonometric Optics”, p.73 ,2008.
[27].M.Kawakita, H.Sasaki, J.Arai, F.Okano, K.Suehiro, Y.Haino, M.Yoshimura,and M.Sato, "Geometric analysis of spatial distortion in projection-type integral imaging," Optics Letters, Vol.33, p.684-p.686, 2008.
[28].W. W. Boles, and B. Boashash, “A Human Identification Technique Using Image of the Iris and Wavelet Transform,” IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, vol. 46, No. 4, p. 1185-p.1188, 1998.
[29].CIE Publication No.15.2, "Colorimetry" Central Bureau of the CIE, Kegelstrasse 27, A-1030, Vienna, Austria, 1986.
[30].K. Kardong, “Vertebrates: Comparative anatomy”, 5rd, p.676-p.677, 2008.
[31].J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, and L. Hesselink, “ Volumeholographic storage and retrieval of digital data,” Science 265, p.749-p.752 , 1994.
[32].E.N.Leith, J.Upatnieks, “Wavefront reconstruction with diffused illumination and three dimensional objects, JOSA, 154, p.1295-p.1301, 1964.
[33].M.J.Huang, C.K.Lee, C.P.Hu, “A one-step method for taking plane hologram type holographic rainbow stereograms”, Opt.Commum, 115, 179t, 1995.
[34].W. C. Su, C. Y. Chen, Y. F. Wang, Y. W. Chen, and S. S. Yang, “Effect of a diffuser on distortion reduction for a virtual image projector,” J. Opt. vol. 13, p. 105401-p.105406, 2011.
[35].H.Peng, D.Cheng, J.Han, C.Xu, W.Song, L.Ha, J.Yang, Q.Hu, Y.Wang, “Design and fabrication of a holographic head-up display with asymmetric field of view”, Applied Optics, Vol. 53, No. 29, p.177-p.185, 2014.
[36].S. Jutamulia, T. Asakura, and H. Ambar, “Reduction of coherent noise using various artificial incoherent sources”, Optik, Vol. 70, No. 2, pp. 52-57, 1985.
[37].H.Funamizu, J. Uozumi, “Generation of fractal speckles by means of a spatial light modulator”, Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 12, pp.7415-pp.7422, 2007.
[38].F.Riechert, G.Bastian, U.Lemmer, “Laser speckle reduction via colloidal-dispersion-filled projection screens”, Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 19, pp. 3742-pp.3749, 2009.

電子全文 電子全文(網際網路公開日期:20251231)
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top