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研究生:潘守正
研究生(外文):Shou-Zheng Pan
論文名稱:幾丁聚醣的改質與添加對奈米碳管複合電極之電化學性能影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of chitosan modification and addition on electrochemical behaviors of carbon nanotube composite electrodes
指導教授:林春強林春強引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chuen-Chang Lin
口試委員:胡啟章李元堯林春強
口試委員(外文):Chi-Chang HuYuan-Yao LiChuen-Chang Lin
口試日期:2014-03-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:奈米碳管幾丁聚醣電化學電容器鋰離子電池
外文關鍵詞:Carbon nanotubesChitosanElectrochemical capacitorsLithium-ion battery
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隨著時代進步的3C產業 帶動越來越多隨身攜帶的電子產品(平板電腦、通訊及消費性電子產品)發展,在能源越來越珍貴的時代,市場需要有效率且可靠的儲能元件,本論文之目的為研製高功率密度、高能量密度及長壽命的電化學儲能設備(電容器及電池),不僅提高 電子產品的性能與可靠度且降低成本增加競爭優勢;本研究使用無汙染且蘊含量豐富的幾丁聚醣為原料,透過對其改質並以浸染方式塗佈於奈米碳管製備奈米級電極,利用於電化學電容器與鋰離子電池負極材料等領域,實驗以泡沫鎳為基材並利用化學氣相沉積法製備奈米碳管,再將奈米碳管電極進行大氣熱處理後批覆幾丁聚醣溶液進行改質,探討在不同改質方式對電極之電容值的影響,以循環伏安法來探討其電容、循環壽命,試圖找出製備最佳條件。
As the progress of the times 3C industry driven more portable electronic products(tablet computer, communications and consumer electronics products) flourish, today energy is more valuable, market needs efficient and reliable storage element.The purpose of this thesis is to develop of high power density, high energy density and long life electrochemical energy storage devices (capacitors and batteries), not only improve the performance and reliability of electronic products but also reduce costs to increase competitive advantage, In this study, we use chitosan as raw material which is pollution-free and Abundant quantity,through its modified and immersion at carbon nanotubes for preparing nanoscale electrodes, use in the field of electrochemical capacitors and lithium-ion battery anode materials.The experiments using nickel foam as the substrate and using chemical vapor deposition prepared carbon nanotubes, After atmospheric heat treatment and then coating chitosan to modified carbon nanotube electrode, explore the influence of different ways to modification of the electrode capacitance values, by cyclic voltammetry to explore its capacity, cycle life, trying to find the optimal conditions for preparing.
目錄
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2奈米碳管 2
1.2.1奈米碳管的構造 2
1.2.2 奈米碳管的製備方式 4
1.3 幾丁聚醣 5
1.3.1 幾丁聚醣的應用 6
1.3.2 幾丁聚醣的性質 6
1.3.3 幾丁聚醣的降解 9
1.3.4 羧甲基幾丁聚醣 11
1.4 研究動幾 12
第二章 文獻回顧及理論 13
2.1 電化學電容器原理與介紹 13
2.1.1 電雙層原理 13
2.1.2超高電容器之結構組成 15
2.1.3 超高電容器電解液的種類 16
2.2電極材料種類 17
2.2.1 電極材料 17
2.3 電化學原理及量測 18
2.3.1 電化學測試方法 18
2.3.2 電化學電容量測試 20
第三章 實驗藥品、儀器與方法 23
3.1實驗簡介 23
3.2實驗藥品與儀器 25
3.2.1 實驗藥品 25
3.2.2 實驗設備 25
3.3 實驗步驟 26
3.3.1 降解的幾丁聚醣(LM-CS)製備 26
3.3.2羧甲基幾丁聚醣(CMCS)製備 26
3.3.3降解的羧甲基幾丁聚醣(LM-CMCS)製備 26
3.3.4 泡沫鎳前處理 27
3.3.5 CVD成長奈米碳管 27
3.3.6 奈米碳管熱處理 28
3.3.7 浸染幾丁聚醣於電極表面 28
3.3.8 電化學性質測試 28
3.3.9 電池組裝測試 29
3.4 實驗檢測儀器 30
第四章 結果與討論 31
4.1 材料鑑定 31
4.1.1 傅立葉轉換光譜分析(FTIR) 31
4.1.2 接觸角量測 33
4.1.3 場發式電子顯微鏡表面結構分析(SEM) 34
4.2 電化學性質分析 36
4.2.1 循環伏安法電容檢測 36
4.2.2 鋰離子電池組裝測試 50
第五章 結論 52
第六章 參考文獻 53


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