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研究生:邱宇弘
研究生(外文):Yu-Hong Chiu
論文名稱:磷酸鹽無機接著劑製作及其性質研究
論文名稱(外文):Preparation and Characterization of Inorganic Aluminum Phosphate Adhesive
指導教授:洪信國
指導教授(外文):Shinn-Gwo Hong
口試委員:黃振球葉嗣韜
口試委員(外文):Jenn-Chiu HwangSih-Tao Ye
口試日期:2015-07-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料科學學系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:磷酸鹽無機接著劑固化劑填料耐高溫性
外文關鍵詞:inorganicadhesivealuminum hydroxidephosphoric acidcupric oxide
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本研究以氫氧化鋁與結晶磷酸反應,製備出磷酸二氫鋁,並使用氧化銅和奈米氧化銅作固化劑,以及使用TEOS與SiO2作為填料與磷酸二氫鋁以及接著劑進行反應,製備出不同種具耐高溫性質無機磷酸鹽接著劑。實驗改變氫氧化與結晶磷酸、磷酸二氫鋁與固化劑反應之比例,並加入不同種類的填料,提升接著強度。以剪切強度測試接著強度,Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR)、X-ray Diffraction(XRD)探討反應性與結晶性質,Differential Scanning Calorimetry(DSC)分析接著劑固化程序,Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)觀察材料的熱穩定性。
由磷酸二氫鋁之FTIR圖譜得之,隨著氫氧化鋁的含量增加,磷酸二氫鋁中的含水量隨之增加,含水量影響接著強度。接著劑DSC圖譜分析,吸熱量隨著固化劑添加量的增加而降低,吸熱量影響接著劑之固化程度。接著劑中其他磷酸鹽類的結晶程度,隨著固化劑以及SiO2的加入而減少,磷酸鹽結晶程度影響接著劑之強度,接著劑之剪切強度則隨固化劑的加入量的增加,而隨之提升。由結果可知固化劑與TEOS的加入,對於接著劑之剪切強度的提升有所幫助。
The inorganic aluminum phosphate adhesives were prepared by reacting aluminum hydroxide and anhydrous phosphoric acid in different ratios and then crosslinking with nano cupric oxides. The reaction and property of the prepared adhesive were studied by using Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, mechanical test, and scanning electron microscopy. The fumed silica and tetraethyl orthosilicate were also added to improve the toughness of the adhesive. The ratio of the reactant would affect the water by-product content and the type/amount of crystals formed, henceforth, changed the adhesion strength. The increase of the crosslinking agent used would decrease the reaction heat but increase the adhesion strength. The amount of aluminum phosphate crystals formed was also affected by the content of the cupric oxide and the presence of the additives.
摘要 III
目錄 VI
圖目錄 XI
表目錄 XIII
第一章、緒論 1
1.1簡介 1
1.2研究動機與方向 2
第二章、 文獻回顧與探討 4
2.1接著劑之選擇 4
2.2無機接著劑分類 5
2.3磷酸鹽接著劑的概述 7
2.3.1基料 7
2.3.2填料 8
2.3.3固化劑 9
2.4酸鹽接著劑基料種類 10
2.4.1磷酸鉻接著劑 10
2.4.2磷酸鎂接著劑 10
2.4.3磷酸鋯接著劑 11
2.4.4磷酸鋁接著劑 11
2.4.5磷酸鋁鉻接著劑 12
2.5接著劑接著原理 13
2.5.1物理吸附 13
2.5.2化學鍵結 15
2.5.3磷酸鹽無接接著劑之化學接著理論 16
2.6表面濡濕性 ( Wetability ) 19
第三章、理論分析 21
3.1傅式紅外線光譜儀(Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, FT-IR) 21
3.2熱重量分析儀 ( Thermogravimetric Analyzer , TGA ) 21
3.3示差掃描式熱分析儀 ( Differential Scanning Calorimeter ) 22
3.4萬能材料拉力機 (Universal Material Testing Machine) 23
3.5掃描式電子顯微鏡 ( Scanning Electron Microscope , SEM ) 25
3.6 X射線繞射 (X-ray diffraction,XRD ) 26
第四章、實驗部分 27
4.1 實驗藥品 27
4.2儀器設備 28
4.3實驗部份 29
4.3.1基料製備 29
4.3.2改質基料製備 31
4.3.3接著劑的製程 32
4.3.4固化程序 34
4.3.5冷軋鋼板表面處理 35
4.4磷酸二氫鋁反應性鑑定 36
4.4.1FT-IR分析 36
4.5磷酸二氫鋁熱穩定分析 36
4.5.1TGA 分析 36
4.6磷酸鋁接著劑反應性鑑定 37
4.6.1FT-IR 分析 37
4.6.2XRD 分析 37
4.7無機接著劑固化程序研究 38
4.7.1DSC 動態掃描分析 38
4.8磷酸鋁無機接著劑熱穩定性鑑定 39
4.8.1TGA 分析 39
4.9 接著劑接著強度測試 39
4.9.1 剪切強度測試 39
4.10 接著劑之接著表面型態面分析 41
4.10.1 SEM 分析 41
第五章、結果與討論 42
5.1磷酸二氫鋁鑑定 42
5.1.1反應性鑑定 42
5.1.2熱穩定性分析 42
5.2氧化銅-磷酸二氫鋁接著劑性質鑑定 43
5.2.1固化劑對接著劑反應性的影響 43
5.2.2固化劑對接著劑晶體結構的影響 44
5.2.3固化劑對接著劑固化程序的影響 44
5.2.4TEOS對接著劑反應性的影響 46
5.2.5TEOS加入對接著劑晶體結構之影響 47
5.2.6接著劑的耐高溫性質研究 47
5.2.7剪切強度初步測試 48
5.2.8磷酸鹽無機接著劑的微型結構對接著強度影響 49
5.3奈米氧化銅-磷酸二氫鋁接著劑鍵定 49
5.3.1接著劑晶體結構分析 49
5.3.2接著劑熱穩定性分析 50
5.3.3SiO2對接著劑晶體結構的影響 50
5.3.4填料對接著劑熱穩定性的影響 51
5.3.5接著劑之剪切強度測試 51
第六章、結論 53
第七章、參考文獻 54

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