(34.239.176.198) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/23 20:46
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:廖逸澤
研究生(外文):LIAO,YI-ZE
論文名稱:對內外群體成員生氣與害怕臉孔的情感錯誤歸因反應
論文名稱(外文):The Affect Misattribution Responses to Angry and Fearful Faces of In-group and Out-group Members
指導教授:高泉豐高泉豐引用關係
口試委員:丁興祥孫蒨如
口試日期:2016-07-01
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:心理學系研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:內群體偏私外群體貶抑情感錯誤歸因情緒特定性調節作用
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:61
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
國外研究對於情感錯誤歸因反應的產生機制各持觀點,究竟是情感(affect)亦或是語意(semantic)歷程主導整個情感錯誤歸因仍有爭議,本研究認為不論機制為何,至少不應該忽略群體的關係。實驗一藉由既有中國人與台灣人群體來探討群體關係是否調節情感錯誤歸因反應。實驗一發現內外群體調節情感錯誤歸因反應,當面對相同情緒臉孔促發項時,內群體與外群體成員引發不同的錯誤歸因反應,且控制組與內群體有相同的趨勢,展現同仇敵愾的現象。為排除實驗一的現象可能受限於既有特定群體而無法延伸至其他社會群體,實驗二以最小團體典範 (minimal group paradigm)與重複曝光及自我連結作業,觀察情感錯誤歸因是否受到與內群體或外群體的熟悉度所調節。實驗二結果發現,熟悉度進一步調節了情感錯誤歸因反應,面對外群體成員生氣臉孔時,高熟悉組與低熟悉組的情感錯誤歸因反應產生相反的方向。外群體高熟悉組的情感錯誤歸因反應與內群體組沒有差異,參與者看到熟悉的外群體成員生氣臉孔時,害怕反應降低。
致謝.........................I
摘要.........................II
目錄.........................III
表次.........................VI
圖次.........................VII
緒論.........................1
文獻探討.........................2
群體關係.........................2
跨群體朋友.........................3
情感錯誤歸因.........................4
情緒.........................7
研究問題.........................8
實驗一.........................9
研究方法.........................10
參與者.........................10
實驗設計.........................11
實驗材料....................................11
促發項刺激材料.........................11
目標項刺激材料..................11
獨變項........................11
內外群體........................11
情緒促發項.....................11
依變項........................12
實驗程序.....................12
研究結果.....................13
群體對情感錯誤歸因反應的調節....................................13
討論...............................................15
實驗二...............................................16
研究方法...............................................18
參與者...............................................18
實驗設計...............................................18
實驗材料...............................................18
促發項刺激材料...............................................18
曝光人名...............................................18
獨變項...............................................18
內外群體...............................................18
熟悉性...............................................19
情緒促發項...............................................19
依變項...............................................19
實驗程序...............................................19
研究結果...............................................21
群體與熟悉性對不同負向情緒臉孔促發項的情感錯誤歸因反應的調節...22
討論...............................................24
綜合討論...............................................25
研究限制、未來的研究方向及貢獻...27
研究限制...............................................27
未來的研究方向...............................................27
貢獻...............................................27
參考文獻...............................................29
附錄...............................................34
附錄1 實驗一之情緒性臉孔促發項 (編號、情緒強度值、區辨強度值 )...34
附錄2 資料庫申請使用的授權資料(上).........................35
附錄3 資料庫申請使用的授權資料(下).........................36
附錄4 實驗一以反應生氣比率為依變項的二因子混合設計變異數分析表..37
附錄5 實驗一群體、情緒在以生氣反應比率為依變項的單純主要效果分析...38
附錄6 實驗二之情緒、群體、熟悉性三因子變異數分析摘要表...39
附錄7 在不同熟悉性與群體下,情緒臉孔促發項的單純主要效果分析...40
附錄8 在不同群體與情緒臉孔促發項下,熟悉性的單純主要效果分析...41
附錄9 在不同熟悉性與情緒臉孔促發項下,群體的單純主要效果分析...42
表1 實驗一反應生氣比率敘述統計表....................................13
表2 實驗二反應生氣比率敘述統計表....................................22
圖1 群體與熟悉性調節情感錯誤歸因反應研究架構.........................9
圖2 本研究所使用Blaison等人(2012)修正的情感錯誤歸因程序.............13
圖3 對不同群體情緒臉孔促發項的情感錯誤歸因生氣反應比率平均數..............14
圖4 實驗二實驗程序流程圖...............................................21
圖5 對高低熟悉性內外群體成員的生氣與害怕情緒臉孔的情感錯誤歸因反應...22



































毛微文(2012):《內外團體成員的自發性特質推論》。國立中正大學心理學研究所,碩士論文。[Mao, W.-W. (2012). Spontaneous trait inferences about in-group and out-group members. Unpublished master's thesis, National Chung Cheng University.]
李美枝、許正聖(1995)。從台灣大學生內團體偏私基礎之解析看社群意識發展的可能性。本土心理學研究,4,150-182。
吳朝憲(2015):《悲傷與生氣對情感錯誤歸因反應的影響:情緒類別契合的加成效應》。國立中正大學心理學研究所,碩士論文。[Wu, C. X.(2015). The Impact of Sad and Anger on the Responses of Affect Misattribution Procedure: Additive Effects of Categorical Emotion Congruence. Unpublished master’s thesis, National Chung Cheng University.]
張勻(2006)。《無條件選邊?探討不確定感對內隱選邊效應的影響》。國立台灣
大學心理學研究所,碩士論文。[Chang, Y.(2006). Taking sides for no reasons?
The effect of uncertainty for implicit partisanship effect. Unpublished master’s
thesis, National Taiwan University.]
趙子揚(2006)。《單純曝光效果:外顯與內隱測量》。國立中正大學心理學研究
所,碩士論文。[Zhao, Z. Y. (2006). The mere exposure effect: Explicit and
implicit measure.Unpublished master’s thesis, National Chung Cheng University.]
鄭雅雯(2012)。《單純曝光與互動頻率對態度形成的影響》。國立中正大學心理學研究所,碩士論文。[Chang, Y.(2012).Effect of Mere Exposure and Interaction Frequency on the Formation Attitudes. Unpublished master’s
thesis, National Chung Cheng University.]
鍾霈嫻(2012)。《情感錯誤歸因程序的雙重促發效應》。國立中正大學心理學研究所,碩士論文。[Chung, P. H. (2012). Double priming effects of the affect misattribution procedure. Unpublished master’s thesis, National Chung Cheng University. ]
襲充文、黃世琤、葉娟妤(2013)。〈台灣地區華人情緒與相關心理生理資料庫─ 大學生基本情緒臉部表情資料庫〉。《中華心理學刊》,55,455-475。[Shyi, C. W., Huang, S. T., & Yeh, C. Y. (2013). Taiwan corpora of Chinese emotions and relevant psychophysiological data-a college-student database of facial expression for basic emotions. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 55, 455-475.] doi: 10.6129/CJP.20121226
Averill, J. R. (1983). Studies on anger and aggression. American Psychologist, 38, 1145-1160.
Betancourt, H., & Blair, I. (1992). A cognition (attribution)-emotion model of violence in conflict situations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,18, 343-350. doi: 10.1177/0146167292183011
Blaison, C., Imhoff, R., Hühnel, I., Hess, U., & Banse, R. (2012).The affect misattribution procedure: Hot or not?. Emotion, 12, 403-412. doi: 10.1037/a0026907
Bower, G. H. (1981). Mood and memory. American Psychologist, 36, 129-148. doi: 10.1037//0003-066X.36.2.129
Carver, C. S. (2004). Negative affects deriving from the behavioral approach system. Emotion, 4, 3-22. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.4.1.3
Fazio, R. H., Jackson, J. R., Dunton, B. C., & Williams, C. J. (1995). Variability in automatic activation as an unobtrusive measure of racial attitudes: A bona fide pipeline?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,69, 1013-1027.
Fischer, A. H., & Roseman, I. J. (2007). Beat them or ban them: The characteristics and social functions of anger and contempt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 103-115. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.93.1.103
Gawronski, B., & Ye, Y. (2014). What drives priming effects in the affect misattribution procedure?. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 3-15. doi: 10.1177/0146167213502548
Greenwald, A. G., McGhee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. L. K. (1998). Measuring individual
differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1464-1480.
Hewstone, M., Cairns, E., Voci, A., Hamberger, J., & Niens, U. (2006). Intergroup contact, forgiveness, and experience of “The Troubles” in Northern Ireland. Journal of Social Issues, 62, 99-120. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2006.00441.x
Lerner, J. S., Gonzalez, R. M., Small, D. A., & Fischhoff, B. (2003). Effects of fear and anger on perceived risks of terrorism: A national field experiment.PsychologicalScience, 14, 144-150. doi: 10.1111/1467-9280.01433
Li, M. C. (李美枝) (1992). The effect of group identity on reaction to injustice as a
function of individualism and collectivism. Unpublished doctoral dissertation,
Pennsylvania State University.
Lundquist, L.O., & Dimberg, A. (1995). Facial expressions are contagious. Journal of Psychophysiology, 9, 203–211.
Marsh, A. A., Ambady, N., & Kleck, R. E. (2005). The effects of fear and anger facial expressions on approach- and avoidance-related behaviors. Emotion, 5, 119-124. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.5.1.119
Mazur, A., & Booth, A. (1998). Testosterone and dominance in men. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21, 353–397. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X98001228
Mendoza-Denton,R., & Page-Gould, E. (2008). Can cross-group friendships influence minority students' well-being at historically white universities? Psychological Science, 19, 933–939. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02179.x
Miller, J. G. (2002).Bringing culture to basic psychological theory—Beyond individualism and collectivism: Comment on Oyserman et al. (2002). Psychological Bulletin, 128, 97-109. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.128.1.97
Nosek, B. A., & Banaji, M. R. (2001). The go/no-go association task. Social Cognition, 19, 625-666. doi: 10.1521/soco.19.6.625.20886
Page-Gould, E., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Tropp, L. R. (2008). With a little help from my cross-group friend: Reducing anxiety in intergroup contexts through cross-group friendship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1080-1094.
Paulus, A., & Wentura, D. (2014). Threatening joy: Approach and avoidance reactions to emotions are influenced by the group membership of the expresser. Cognition & Emotion, 28, 656-677. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2013.849659
Payne, B. K., Cheng, C. M., Govorun, O., & Stewart, B. D. (2005).An inkblot for attitudes: Affect misattribution as implicit measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 277-293. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.89.3.277
Payne, K., & Lundberg, K. (2014). The Affect Misattribution Procedure: Ten years of evidence on reliability, validity, and mechanisms. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8, 672-686.. doi:10.1111/spc3.12148
Perdue, C. W, Dovidio, J. F., Gurtman, M. B., & Tyler, R. B. (1990). Us and them: Social categorization and the process of intergroup bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 475-486. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.59.3.475
Pettigrew, T. F. (1997). Generalized intergroup contact effects on prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 173-185. doi: 10.1177/0146167297232006
Pinter, B., & Greenwald, A. G. (2004). Exploring implicit partisanship: Enigmatic (but genuine) group identification and attraction. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 7, 283-296. doi :10.1177/1368430204046112
Scherer, L. D., & Lambert, A. J. (2009). Contrast effects in priming paradigms: Implications for theory and research on implicit attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 383-403. doi: 10.1037/a0015844
Sherif, M., Harvey, O. J., White, B. J., Hood, W. R., & Sherif, C. W.(1961). Intergroup cooperation and competition: The Robbers Cave experiment.Norman, OK: University Book Exchange.
Shook, N. J., & Fazio, R. H. (2008). Interracial roommate relationships: An experimental field test of the contact hypothesis. Psychological Science, 19, 717-723. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02147.x
Smith, C. A., & Ellsworth, P. C. (1985). Patterns of cognitive appraisal in emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 813-838. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.48.4.813
Strack, F., Martin, L. L., & Stepper, S. (1988). Inhibiting and facilitating conditions of the human smile: A nonobtrusive test of the facial feedback hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54,768-777. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.54.5.768-777
Tajfel, H., Billig, M. G., Bundy, R. P., & Flament, C. (1971). Social categorization and intergroup behaviour. European Journal of Social Psychology,1, 149-178. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2420010202
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behavior. In S. Worchel & W. G. Austin (Eds), Psychology of Intergroup Relations(pp. 7-24). Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall.
Tamarin, G. R. (1966). The influence of ethnic and religious prejudice on moral judgment. New Outlook, 9, 49-58. doi: 10.1080/00050067008259882
Wagner, U., Christ, O., Pettigrew, T. F., Stellmacher, J., & Wolf, C. (2007). Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69, 380-390. doi: 10.1177/019027250606900406
Weisbuch, M., & Ambady, N. (2008). Affective divergence: Automatic responses to others' emotions depend on group membership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1063-1079. doi: 10.1037/a0011993
Wilkowski, B. M., & Meier, B. P. (2010). Bring it on: Angry facial expressions potentiate approach-motivated motor behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 201-210. doi: 10.1037/a0017992
Zajonc, R. B. (1968). Attitudinal effects of mere exposure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 9, 1-27. doi: 10.1037/h0025848

電子全文 電子全文(網際網路公開日期:20211231)
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔