跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(100.28.0.143) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/07/23 10:48
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林宏蔓
研究生(外文):Hung Man Lin
論文名稱:活體肝臟捐贈者的就業、休閒娛樂活動與社會功能生活品質之關係探討
論文名稱(外文):Exploring the relationships of employment, leisure activites and social function of quality of live in liver living donors
指導教授:翁麗雀翁麗雀引用關係
指導教授(外文):L. C. Weng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:長庚大學
系所名稱:護理學系
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:器官移植活體捐贈社會功能休閒娛樂就業
外文關鍵詞:organ transplantationliving donorsocial functionleisure activityemployment
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:206
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
活體肝臟移植手術是治療末期肝病的有效方法之一,手術後的「就業狀態」及「休閒活動參與」為社會功能恢復的重要指標。本研究的目的為探討活體肝臟捐贈者的就業、休閒娛樂活動與社會功能生活品質之關係。
本研究為次級資料分析研究(secondary data analysis),研究對象為北部某醫學中心接受肝臟捐贈手術後,於移植門診穩定追蹤的病患,樣本納入條件為已經接受肝臟捐贈手術且出院、並在醫學中心接受過一次(含)以上相關健康檢驗及檢查的病人。意識清楚,能以國、台語溝通,沒有表達溝通障礙者,經說明後同意參加本研究,並填妥參與研究同意書者。以結構式問卷,包括:「個人基本屬性與疾病特性資料表」、「健康相關生活品質量表SF-36(MOS-SF36)」及「休閒活動參與量表」等收集資料。資料使用PASW statistics第18版中文套裝軟體進行資料整理與統計分析。以描述性統計如:平均數、標準差及百分比等來描述研究變項的分佈情形;以相關係數(Pearson correlation coefficient)分析各變項間的相關情形;以線性複迴歸分析影響患者術後社會功能生活品質的因素。
收案期間於2013年1月10日至2013年3月為期三個月,樣本數共97人,研究結果發現在休閒娛樂活動的四個部分,平均得分分別為嗜好5.67(標準差2.71);運動部分為4.12(標準差3.32);與他人互動部分為8.55(標準差3.69);外出活動為3.47(標準差2.56);整體休閒娛樂活動(0-93)平均得分為21.75(標準差8.18),社會功能生活品質(0-100)平均得分為84.21(標準差15.6),目前已回到職場已就業者的有75人佔77.3%。線性複迴歸分析結果顯示影響活體肝臟捐贈者社會功能生活品質的因子為「腹瀉與腸胃道問題」,可解釋「社會功能生活品質」總變異量7%(F=4.54, p=0.01)。
本研究結果發現活體肝臟捐贈者的「腹瀉與腸胃道問題」與社會功能生活品質有顯著的關係,建議醫院專科病房或門診之護理人員可以針對「腹瀉與腸胃道問題」問題進行症狀困擾評估並進行相關的處置。研究結果能作為手術前衛教資訊的參考讓活體肝臟捐贈者做好準備,以降低術後回歸社會之影響。

Living liver transplantation is one treatment for end-stage liver disease. Employment and leisure participation are important indicators of social function recovery for post-transplant living liver donor. The aim of this study is to explore employment status, leisure activity and social function of the quality of life among liver living donors.
This study was a secondary data analysis. Study sample included living liver donors who were treated in the liver transplantation clinic of a medical center in Northern Taiwan. The following inclusion criteria were used: have received living liver donation surgery; regular follow-up at the study unit at least once; can communicate with Chinese or Taiwanese; agreed to participate and completed the consent form. A cross-sectional study design is used with data collected by self-administered questionnaires. Data is managed by PASW statistics 18.0, descriptive statistics, such as mean, standard deviation and percentage etc. to describe the distribution of variables , Pearson correlation were used to examine the relationships among the variables , logistic regression were performed to analyze the factors affecting the social function of patients.
From 10th January 2013 to March 2013, a total of 97 donors were enrolled in this study, the results showed that the average score of 「hobby」 was 5.67 (standard deviation (SD)=2.71), 「exercise」was 4.12 (SD=3.32), 「interaction」was 8.55 (SD=3.69), 「activity」was 3.47 (SD= 2.56). The average score of total scale of leisure activity (0-93)was 21.75 (SD=8.18). The average score in social function of the quality of life (0-100) was 84.21 (SD=15.6); There are 75 donors working full- or part-time after surgery (77.3%). Multiple linear regression analysis that the "diarrhea and gastrointestinal problems" was a significant factor related to the social function of quality of life. The explained total variance was 7% (F = 4.54, p = 0.01).
The research results can provide healthcare professionals to understand the social function of quality of life of living liver donors. In addition, the significant predictor of social function of quality of life was "diarrhea and gastrointestinal problems". The research suggested that the clinicians to consider the most common symptom distress "diarrhea and gastrointestinal problems” and included it in the physical assessment. Expected result of our research could be use in the care of liver living donor and reduce impact the recovery of social function.

指導教授推薦書……………………………………………………
口試委員會審定書…………………………………………………
致謝……………………………………………………………………..iii
中文摘要…………………………………………………………..iv
英文摘要…………………………………………………………...……vi
目錄…………………………………………………………………..…ix
圖目錄……………………………………………………………….….xii
表目錄………………………………………………………………….xiii
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………..1
第一節研究背景……………………………………………1
第二節研究動機與重要性…………………………………5
第三節研究目的……………………………………………8
第四節名詞界定……………………………………………9
第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………11
第一節 肝臟移植的相關概念……………………………11
第二節 活體肝臟移植的相關概念………………………19
第三節 社會功能的相關概念……..……………………..27
第四節 活體捐贈者基本屬性、併發症與就業、
休閒娛樂及社會功能生活品質…………………31
第三章 研究方法..……….…………………………………….33
第一節 研究架構…………………………………………33
第二節 研究設計…………………………………………34
第三節 研究地點與研究樣本……………………………34
第四節 研究工具與信效度………………………………35
第五節 資料收集過程……………………………………38
第六節 倫理考量…………………………………………38
第七節 資料統計分析……………………………………39
第四章 研究結果………………………………………………40
第一節 活體肝臟捐贈者的個人基本屬性………………40
第二節 活體肝臟捐贈者的疾病與治療相關變項………44
第三節 活體肝臟捐贈者的就業、休閒娛樂及社會功能生
活品質的情形…………………………………… 46
第四節 活體肝臟捐贈者的基本屬性、疾病相關變項、
就業、休閒娛樂活動與社會功能生活品質的係48
第五節 影響活體肝臟捐贈者手術後社會功能生活品質的
因素………………………………………………67
第五章 討論……………………………………………………69
第一節 活體肝臟捐贈者的個人基本屬性………………69
第二節 活體肝臟捐贈者的疾病與治療相關變項………71
第三節 活體肝臟捐贈者的就業、休閒娛樂及社會功能生
活品質的情形……………………………………72
第四節 活體肝臟捐贈者的基本屬性、疾病相關變項、就業
、休閒娛樂活動、社會功能生活品質的關係… 74
第六章 結論與建議……………………………………………80
第一節 結論……………………………………………………80
第二節 研究結果於護理上應用………………………………83
第三節 研究限制與建議………………………………………85
參考文獻……………………………………………………….86
附件………………………………………………………………98
附件一、基本資料……..………………………………..…98
附件二、疾病與治療相關變項……………………………99
附件三、休閒活動參與量表之就業部分……………….…100
附件四、休閒活動參與量表之休閒活動參與…………… 101
附件五、生活品質(MOS-SF36)之社會功能次量表…….. 103
附錄六、專家效度之專家名單…………………………… 104


圖目錄
圖 3-1 活體肝臟捐贈者的社會功能生活品質的影響因素……33


表目錄
表 3-1 分析統計方法……………………………………………39
表 4-1 研究樣本個人屬性資料………………………………...43
表 4-2 研究樣本的疾病與治療相關屬性………………………45
表 4-3 研究樣本的就業情形……………………………………47
表 4-5 基本屬性在休閒娛樂活動(嗜好)的差異分析………….51
表 4-6 基本屬性在休閒娛樂活動(運動)的差異分析… ………52
表 4-7 基本屬性在休閒娛樂活動(他人互動)的差異分析…….53
表 4-8 基本屬性在休閒娛樂活動(外出活動)的差異分析. …..54
表 4-9 基本屬性在休閒娛樂活動總分的差異分析……………55
表 4-10 基本屬性在休閒社會功能生活品質的差異分析…….56
表 4-11 基本屬性與就業的關係……………………………….57
表 4-12 有無就業在年齡、手術後年數、回診次數的差異分析
…………………………………………. ……………58
表 4-13 年齡、手術年數、回診次數與休閒娛樂活動、社會功
能生活品質的相關分析……………………………..58
表 4-14 手術後病症在休閒娛樂活動(嗜好)的差異分析…….. 59
表 4-15 手術後病症在休閒娛樂活動(運動)的差異分析……. ..60
表 4-16 手術後病症在休閒娛樂活動(他人互動)的差異分析....61
表 4-17 手術後病症在休閒娛樂活動(外出活動)的差異分析…..62
表 4-18 手術後病症在休閒娛樂活動總分的差異分析…………63
表 4-19 手術後病症在社會功能生活品質差異分析……………64
表 4-20 手術後病症在就業的分析………………………………65
表 4-21 就業與休閒娛樂活動與社會功能生活品質之差異……66
表 4-22 休閒娛樂活動與社會功能生活品質的相關……………66
表 4-23 影響社會功能生活品質各層面之因素………………….68


中文文獻
中央健保局(2009,4月8日) ‧ 健保局公近十年器官移植各醫院存活率‧取自:
http://www.nhi.gov.tw/information/NewsDetail.aspx?menu=&menu_id=&wd_id=&No=781
中央健保局(2013,3月22日)‧肝臟移植品質研討會‧2016年7月31日取自:
http://www.nownews.com/n/2013/03/22/300316
中央健保局(2014,4月1日)‧健保局公布4項器官移植術後存活率‧2016年7月31日取自:
http://www.nhi.gov.tw/Information/newsdetail.aspx?menu=9&menu_id=544&No=1165
李薇(2009) ‧從老化理論的整合觀點看老年生活歷程轉:以休閒活動為例‧未發
表之碩士論文,台南,國立成功大學老年學研究所。
何明志、李伯皇(2002) ‧肝臟移植‧台灣醫學,4(3),286-293 。
財團法人器官捐贈移植登錄中心(2014,11月9日)‧捐贈與移植‧2016年7月
31日取自http://www.torsc.org.tw/
財團法人器官捐贈移植登錄中心(2015,07月01日修正)‧人體器官移植條例‧
2016年7月31日,取自https://www.torsc.org.tw/transplant/transplant_02.jsp
林敬銘、張家昌(2007) ‧探究台中市公務人員的生活型態與休閒運動參與程度之關係‧運動休閒管理學報,4(1),91-108。
莊世昌、李金德(2006) ‧無「膽」之徒,必事出有因,談「膽囊切除後症候群」‧高醫醫訊,25(12),
陳佑淵(2007)‧國小退休教師社會參與及生活品質之相關研究(未發表之碩士論文)‧國立中正大學高齡者教育研究所。
陳彰儀(1989) ‧工作與休閒: 從工業心理學的觀念探討休閒的現況與理論‧台北:淑馨。
曾旭民、盧瑞芬、蔡益堅(2003)‧國人生活品質評量(Ⅱ):SF-36台灣版的常模與效度檢測. 臺灣公共衛生雜誌, 22(6),512-518.
衛生福利部國民健康署(2014,8月18日) ‧ 102年十大死因統計,取自:
http://health99.hpa.gov.tw/Article/ArticleDetail.aspx?TopIcNo=846&DS=1-life
衛生福利部國民健康署(2014,9月4日) ‧ 102年十大死因分析,取自:
http://www.mohw.gov.tw/cht/DOS/Statistic.aspx?f_list_no=312&fod_list_no=
5150
戴怡君, 董旭英(2002) ‧使用網際網路進行互動者特質之探討‧ 資訊社會研究,2, 29-58。


英文文獻
Abouna, G. M. (2003). Ethical issues in organ transplantation. Medical Principles and
Practice, 12(1), 54-69.
Abecassis, M., Adams, M., Adams, P., Arnold, R.M., Atkins, C.R., Barr, M.L., ... &Youngner, S. (2000). Consensus statement on the live organ donor. The Jounal of The American Medical Association, 284(22), 2919-2926.
Adcock, L., Macleod, C., Dubay, D., Greig, P. D., Cattral, M. S., McGilvray, I., ... &
Therapondos, G. (2010). Adult Living Liver Donors have Excellent Long‐Term Medical Outcomes: The University of Toronto Liver Transplant Experience. American Journal of Transplantation, 10(2), 364-371.
Allvin, R., Berg, K., Idvall, E., & Nilsson, U. (2007). Postoperative recovery: a concept analysis. Journal of advanced nursing, 57(5), 552-558.
Azoulay, D., Bhangui, P., Andreani, P., Salloum, C., Karam, V., Hoti, E., ... & Castaing, D. (2011). Short‐and Long‐term Donor Morbidity in Right Lobe Living Donor Liver Transplantation: 91 Consecutive Cases in a European Center. American Journal of Transplantation, 11(1), 101-110.
Bassuk, S. S., Glass, T. A., & Berkman, L. F. (1999). Social disengagement and incident cognitive decline in community-dwelling elderly persons. Annals of Internal Medicine, 131(3), 165-173.
Bammel, G., & Burrus-Bammel, L. L (1992). Leisure and human behavior. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Publishers.
Berkman, B. J., Maramaldi, P., Breon, E. A., & Howe, J. L. (2003). Social work gerontological assessment revisited. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 40(1-2), 1-14.
Birchwood, M., Smith, J. O., Cochrane, R., Wetton, S., & Copestake, S. O. N. J. A. (1990). The Social Functioning Scale. The development and validation of a new scale of social adjustment for use in family intervention programmes with schizophrenic patients. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 157(6), 853-859.
Boudjema, K., Samuel, D., Balabaud, C., Belghiti, J., Bismuth, H., Calmus, Y., ... & Rogiers, X. (2006). Consensus Conference: Indications for liver transplantation, January 19 and 20, 2005, Lyon-Palais des Congres-Text of recommendations (long version). Liver Transplantation, 12(6), 998-1011.
Broering, D. C., Mueller, L., Ganschow, R., Kim, J. S., Achilles, E. G., Schäfer, H., ... & Rogiers, X. (2001). Is there still a need for living-related liver transplantation in children? Annals of Surgery, 234(6), 713-722.
Caspersen, C. J., Bloemberg, B. P., Saris, W. H., Merritt, R. K., & Kromhout, D. (1991). The prevalence of selected physical activities and their relation with coronary heart disease risk factors in elderly men: the Zutphen Study, 1985. American journal of Epidemiology, 133(11), 1078-1092.
Chan, S. C., Liu, C. L., Lo, C. M., Lam, B. K., Lee, E. W., & Fan, S. T. (2006). Donor
quality of life before and after adult‐to‐adult right liver live donor liver transplantation. Liver Transplantation, 12(10), 1529-1536.
Chen, K. H., Huang, H. L., Wang, Y. W., Weng, L. C., Chiang, Y. J., & Chou, H. F. (2014,). Factors determining social function of patients after renal transplantation in Taiwan. Transplantation Proceedings, 46( 2), 481-483.
Clary, E. G., & Snyder, M. (1999). The motivations to volunteer theoretical and practical considerations. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8(5), 156-159.
Clary, E. G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R. D., Copeland, J., Stukas, A. A., Haugen, J., & Miene, P. (1998). Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: a functional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), 1516-1530.
Dubay, D. A., Holtzman, S., Adcock, L., Abbey, S. E., Greenwood, S., Macleod, C.,Levy, G. A. (2010). Cosmesis and body image after adult right lobe living liver donation. Transplantation, 89(10), 1270-1275.
Erim, Y., Beckmann, M., Valentin-Gamazo, C., Malago, M., Frilling, A., Schlaak, J., ... & Senf, W. (2008). Selection of donors for adult living-donor liver donation: results of the assessment of the first 205 donor candidates.Psychosomatics, 49(2), 143-151.
Florman, S., & Miller, C. M. (2006). Live donor liver transplantation. Liver Transplantation, 12(4), 499-510.
Fukunishi, I., Sugawara, Y., Makuuchi, M., & Surman, O. S. (2003). Pain in liver donors. Psychosomatics, 44(2), 172-173.
Ghobrial, R. M., Freise, C. E., Trotter, J. F., Tong, L., Ojo, A. O., Fair, J. H., ... & A2ALL Study Group. (2008). Donor morbidity after living donation for liver transplantation. Gastroenterology, 135(2), 468-476.
Hepworth, D., Rooney, R., Rooney, G. D., Strom-Gottfried, K., & Larsen, J. A. (2009). Direct social work practice: Theory and skills. Cengage Learning.
Holtzman, S., Adcock, L., Dubay, D. A., Therapondos, G., Kashfi, A., Greenwood, S., ... & Abbey, S. E. (2009). Financial, vocational, and interpersonal impact of living liver donation. Liver Transplantation, 15(11), 1435-1442.
Hoofnagle, J. H., Nelson, K. E., & Purcell, R. H. (2012). Hepatitis E. New England Journal of Medicine, 367(13), 1237-1244.
Jin, S.-G., Xiang, B., Yan, L.-N., Chen, Z.-Y., Yang, J.-Y., Xu, M.-Q., & Wang, W.-T. (2012). Quality of life and psychological outcome of donors after living donor liver transplantation. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 18(2), 182-187.
Kawagishi, N., Takeda, I., Miyagi, S., Sato, K., & Ohuchi, N. (2014). Donors' Quality of Life Evaluated by Short Form-36 Analysis After Living Donor Liver Transplantation in a Single-Center Experience. Transplantation Proceedings, 46( 3), 675-677.
Kelly, J. R.(1996). Leisure (3rd.). Needham Height, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Keswani, R. N., Ahmed, A., & Keeffe, E. B. (2004). Older age and liver transplantation: a review. Liver transplantation, 10(8), 957-967.
Khuroo, M., & Kamili, S. (2003). Aetiology and prognostic factors in acute liver failure in India. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 10(3), 224-231.
Kim-Schluger, L., Florman, S. S., Schiano, T., O’Rourke, M., Gagliardi, R., Drooker, M., ... & Miller, C. M. (2002). Quality of life after lobectomy for adult liver transplantation1. Transplantation, 73(10), 1593-1597.
Klein, A. S. (2006). Management of Budd‐Chiari syndrome. Liver Transplantation, 12(2), 23-28.
Ladner, D. P., Dew, M. A., Forney, S., Gillespie, B. W., Brown, R. S., Merion, R. M., ... & Butt, Z. (2015). Long-term quality of life after liver donation in the adult to adult living donor liver transplantation cohort study (A2ALL). Journal of Hepatology, 62(2), 346-353.
Laurentine, K. A., & Bramstedt, K. A. (2010). Too poor for transplant: finance and insurance issues in transplant ethics. Progress in Transplantation, 20(2), 178-185.
Lim, J. K., & Keeffe, E. B. (2004). Liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease: current concepts and length of sobriety. Liver Transplantation, 10(10), 31-38.
Lo, C.-M. (2003). Complications and long-term outcome of living liver donors: a
survey of 1,508 cases in five Asian centers. Transplantation, 75(3), 12-15.
Lucey, M. R. (2011). Liver transplantation in patients with alcoholic liver disease. Liver Transplantation, 17(7), 751-759.
Middleton, P. F., Duffield, M., Lynch, S. V., Padbury, R. T., House, T., Stanton, P., ... & Maddern, G. (2006). Living donor liver transplantation—adult donor outcomes: a systematic review. Liver Transplantation, 12(1), 24-30.
Miyagi, S., Kawagishi, N., Fujimori, K., Sekiguchi, S., Fukumori, T., Akamatsu, Y., & Satomi, S. (2005). Risks of donation and quality of donors’ life after living donor liver transplantation. Transplant International, 18(1), 47-51.
Nair, S., Verma, S., & Thuluvath, P. J. (2002). Obesity and its effect on survival in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation in the United States. Hepatology, 35(1), 105-109.
O'Carroll, R. E., Couston, M., Cossar, J., Masterton, G., & Hayes, P. C. (2003). Psychological outcome and quality of life following liver transplantation: A prospective, national, single‐center study. Liver Transplantation, 9(7), 712-720.
Olthoff, K. M., Merion, R. M., Ghobrial, R. M., Abecassis, M. M., Fair, J. H., Fisher, R. A., Everhart, J. E. (2005). Outcomes of 385 adult-to-adult living donor liver transplant recipients: a report from the A2ALL Consortium. Annals of Surgery, 242(3), 314-325.
Ostapowicz, G., Fontana, R. J., Schiødt, F. V., Larson, A., Davern, T. J., Han, S. H., ... & Lee, W. M. (2002). Results of a prospective study of acute liver failure at 17 tertiary care centers in the United States. Annals of Internal Medicine, 137(12), 947-954.
Parolin, M. B., Lazzaretti, C. T., Lima, J. H. F., Freitas, A. C. T., Matias, J. E. F., & Coelho, J. C. U. (2004). Donor quality of life after living donor liver transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings , 36(4), 912-913.
Pinsonnault, E., Dubuc, N., Desrosiers, J., Delli-Colli, N., & Hébert, R. (2009). Validation study of a social functioning scale: The social-SMAF (social-Functional Autonomy Measurement System). Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 48(1), 40-44.
Pockett, R., Lord, B., & Dennis, J. (2001). The development of an Australian national classification system for social work practice in health care. Social Work in Health Care, 34(1-2), 177-193.
Procurement, O., & Network, T. (2011). and Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR). OPTN/SRTR 2010 Annual Data Report. Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Healthcare Systems Bureau, Division of Transplantation, 12(1), 1-156.
Pruthi, J., Medkiff, K. A., Esrason, K. T., Donovan, J. A., Yoshida, E. M., Erb, S. R., Fong, T. L. (2001). Analysis of causes of death in liver transplant recipients who survived more than 3 years. Liver Transplantation, 7(9), 811-815.
Ran, S., Wen, T. F., Yan, L. N., Li, B., Zeng, Y., Chen, Z. Y., ... & Zhang, X. H. (2009). Risks faced by donors of right lobe for living donor liver transplantation.Hepatobiliary Pancreat Diseases International, 8(6), 581-585.
Reuben, A., Koch, D. G., & Lee, W. M. (2010). Drug‐induced acute liver failure: Results of a US multicenter, prospective study. Hepatology, 52(6), 2065-2076.
Russell, R. T., Feurer, I. D., Wisawatapnimit, P., Salomon, R. M., & Pinson, C. W. (2008). The effects of physical quality of life, time, and gender on change in symptoms of anxiety and depression after liver transplantation. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 12(1), 138-144.
Sheiner, P. A., Magliocca, J. F., Bodian, C. A., Kim-Schluger, L., Altaca, G., Guarrera, J. V., ... & Miller, C. M. (2000). Long-term medical complications in patients surviving≥ 5 years after liver transplant. Transplantation, 69(5), 781-789.
Singer, P. A., Siegler, M., Whitington, P. F., Lantos, J. D., Emond, J. C., Thistlethwaite, J. R., & Broelsch, C. E. (1989). Ethics of liver transplantation with living donors. New England Journal of Medicine, 321(9), 620-622.
Sorkine, P., Abraham, R. B., Szold, O., Biderman, P., Kidron, A., Merchav, H., ... & Oren, R. (2001). Role of the molecular adsorbent recycling system (MARS) in the treatment of patients with acute exacerbation of chronic liver failure. Critical Care Medicine, 29(7), 1332-1336.
Starzl, T. E., Iwatsuki, S., Shaw Jr, B. W., Van Thiel, D. H., Gartner, J. C., Zitelli, B. J., ... & Schade, R. R. (1984). Analysis of liver transplantation.Hepatology , 4(1), 47.
Starzl, T. E., Iwatsuki, S., Van Thiel, D. H., Gartner, J. C., Zitelli, B. J., Malatack, J. J., ... & Porter, K. A. (1982). Evolution of liver transplantation.Hepatology , 2(5), 614.
Starzl, T. E., Kaulla,V. K., Hermann, G., Brittain, R., & Waddell, W. (1963).
Homotransplantation of the liver in humans. Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics, 117, 659.Surman, O. S. (2002). The ethics of partial-liver donation. New England Journal of Medicine, 346(14), 1038-1038.
Takada, Y., Suzukamo, Y., Oike, F., Egawa, H., Morita, S., Fukuhara, S., ... & Tanaka, K. (2012). Long‐term quality of life of donors after living donor liver transplantation. Liver Transplantation, 18(11), 1343-1352.
Tanaka, K., Ogura, Y., Kiuchi, T., Inomata, Y., Uemoto, S., & Furukawa, H. (2004). Living donor liver transplantation: Eastern experiences. 6(2), 88-94.
Trotter, J. F., Hill-Callahan, M. M., Gillespie, B. W., Nielsen, C. A., Saab, S., Shrestha, R., ... & A2ALL Study Group. (2007). Severe psychiatric problems in right hepatic lobe donors for living donor liver transplantation. Transplantation,83(11), 1506-1058.
Trotter, J. F., Talamantes, M., McClure, M., Wachs, M., Bak, T., Trouillot, T., ... & Kam, I. (2001). Right hepatic lobe donation for living donor liver transplantation: impact on donor quality of life. Liver Transplantation, 7(6), 485-493.
Vander Mei, S. F., Groothoff, J. W., van Sonderen, E. L., van den Heuvel, W. J., de Jong, P. E., & van Son, W. J. (2006). Clinical factors influencing participation in society after successful kidney transplantation. Transplantation, 82(1), 80-85.
Vander Mei, S. F., Van Sonderen, E. L., Van Son, W. J., De Jong, P. E., Groothoff, J. W., & Van den Heuvel, W. J. (2007). Social participation after successful kidney transplantation. Disability & Rehabilitation, 29(6), 473-483.
Varma, V., Mehta, N., Kumaran, V., & Nundy, S. (2011). Indications and contraindications for liver transplantation. International journal of Hepatology, 2011.
Verna, E. C., Hunt, K. H., Renz, J. F., Rudow, D. L., Hafliger, S., Dove, L. M., ... & Brown, R. S. (2005). Predictors of candidate maturation among potential living donors. American journal of Transplantation, 5(10), 2549-2554.
Verbesey, J. E., Simpson, M. A., Pomposelli, J. J., Richman, E., Bracken, A. M., Garrigan, K., ... & Pomfret, E. A. (2005). Living donor adult liver transplantation: a longitudinal study of the donor's quality of life. American Journal of Transplantation, 5(11), 2770-2777.
Vincent, A., & Logan, L. (2012). Consent for organ donation. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 108(1), 80-87.
Wasley, A., Fiore, A., & Bell, B. P. (2006). Hepatitis A in the era of vaccination.
Epidemiologic Reviews, 28(1), 101-111.
Weng, L. C., Huang, H. L., Wang, Y. W., Lee, W. C., Chen, K. H., & Yang, T. Y. (2013). The effect of self‐efficacy, depression and symptom distress on employment status and leisure activities of liver transplant recipients. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 70(7), 1573-1583.
Yao, F. Y., Ferrell, L., Bass, N. M., Watson, J. J., Bacchetti, P., Venook, A., ... &
Roberts, J. P. (2001). Liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma:
expansion of the tumor size limits does not adversely impact survival.
Hepatology, 33(6), 1394-1403.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top