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研究生:廖瑛護
研究生(外文):LIAO, YING-HU
論文名稱:探討飲茶對人體生理參數的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Drinking Tea on Human Physical Parameters
指導教授:董志明董志明引用關係黃戊田黃戊田引用關係
指導教授(外文):DONG, CHIH-MINGHUANG, WU-TEIN
口試委員:邵東子林指宏
口試委員(外文):SHAO, TUNG-TZULIN, CHIH-HUNG
口試日期:2016-06-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:嘉南藥理大學
系所名稱:休閒保健管理系
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:綠茶烏龍茶紅茶血壓心跳心率變異腦波
外文關鍵詞:Green TeaOolong TeaBlack TeaBlood PressureHeart RateHeart Rate VariabilityBrain Wave
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隨著經濟提昇,國內食衣住行等生活習慣均受到外來文化的影響,速食類或精緻化的飲食也造成國人慢性疾病的增加。中華民族自古以來,即有飲茶防治疾病的觀念,且近年來,茶飲方式日新月異變化繁多,茶飲似乎已成為很多人必備的飲料。本研究主要藉由實驗來瞭解飲茶對人體血壓心跳(舒張壓、收縮壓、心跳速率)、心率變異參數(SDNN、RMSSD、ln TP、ln LF、ln HF、Norm LF、Norm HF、LF/HF)及腦波(δ波、θ波、α波、β波)的影響,進而探討飲茶對人體的好處。研究結果顯示,綠茶、烏龍茶及紅茶均可降低受測者之心跳速度,但對血壓並無明顯之差異;至於在心率變異的部分,飲用綠茶、烏龍茶及紅茶後皆都可增加心率變異參數中「SDNN」、「RMSSD」及「ln HF」,此外紅茶還可增加「Norm HF」及降低「Norm LF」及「LF/HF」之值,代表紅茶除可增加副交感神經的活性,還可降低交感神經的活性;在腦波方面,綠茶及烏龍茶可增加受測者之「θ波」,而綠茶除「θ波」外,亦可增加「β波」,代表飲用綠茶及烏龍茶都可提升受測者之專注力,而且以綠茶效果最佳。
Through the growth of the economics, the life habits of people in Taiwan are affected by the various foreign cultures. The popular fast food and delicate food cause the increases of chronic diseases. Long time ago, the Chinese people know that drinking tea can prevent the diseases. In the modern time, the ways on drinking tea vary quickly and the flavors of tea develop differently to accord with everyone’s tastes. The tea drinks can be treated as a common drinks now. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect after drinking tea consumption on human physiological parameters, such as blood pressure, heart rate, heart rate variability parameters(Standard deviation of all NN intervals, SDNN, The square root of the mean square successive differences between adjacent RR interval, RMSSD, total power, low frequency power, high-frequency power, normalized low-frequency power, normalized high-frequency power and low / high-frequency power ratio) and brain wave(δ wave、θ wave、α wave、β wave). The experimental results showed that green, oolong or black tea consumption can reduce subjects’ heart rate, but did not induce significant difference in blood pressure. About heart rate variability, green, oolong and black tea can induce an increase in SDNN、RMSSD and high-frequency power. In addition, black tea also can increase normalized high-frequency power and decrease normalized low-frequency power and low / high-frequency power ratio. It showed that black tea not only can promote subjects’ parasympathetic activity, but also can decrease subjects’ sympathetic activity to release stress. In brain wave, green and oolong tea can induce an increase in  wave. In addition, green tea can increase  wave. It presents that green and oolong tea consumption can promote subjects’ attention, especially having great effects on green tea.
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的 2
1-3 研究流程 3
1-4 研究範圍與限制 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2-1 茶葉 5
2-1-1 茶葉的簡介 5
2-1-2 茶葉的分類 9
2-1-3 茶葉的功效 11
2-2 自律神經 14
2-3 心率變異分析 15
2-4 腦波 17
第三章 研究方法 19
3-1 受測對象的選擇 19
3-2 受測者之身體特性 19
3-3 受測地點及環境 19
3-4 研究設計 20
3-5 實驗步驟及流程 20
3-6 研究工具 21
3-6-1 EDAN M8生理監測儀 21
3-6-2 MEDICLRE SA-3000P心率變異分析儀 22
3-6-3 Neuro Sky腦立方移動式腦波儀 23
3-7 介入材料 25
3-7-1 綠茶 25
3-7-2 烏龍茶 26
3-7-3 紅茶 27
3-8 茶湯沖泡方式 27
3-9 參數量測 27
3-9-1 血壓心跳量測 27
3-9-2 心率變異參數量測 28
3-9-3 腦波參數量測 28
3-10 統計分析 28
第四章 結果 30
4-1 血壓心跳數據比較 30
4-1-1 飲用白開水血壓心跳前後測組內比較結果 30
4-1-2 飲用綠茶血壓心跳前後測組內比較結果 30
4-1-3 飲用烏龍茶血壓心跳前後測組內比較結果 30
4-1-4 飲用紅茶血壓心跳前後測組內比較結果 31
4-1-5 飲用綠茶、烏龍茶、紅茶與飲用白開水血壓心跳前後測組內比較綜合討論 31
4-2 心率變異參數數據比較 32
4-2-1 飲用白開水心率變異參數前後測組內比較結果 32
4-2-2 飲用綠茶心率變異參數前後測組內比較結果 33
4-2-3 飲用烏龍茶心率變異參數前後測組內比較結果 33
4-2-4 飲用紅茶心率變異參數前後測組內比較結果 34
4-2-5 飲用綠茶、烏龍茶、紅茶與飲用白開水心率變異參數前後測組內比較綜合討論 34
4-3 腦波參數數據比較 37
4-3-1 飲用白開水腦波參數前後測組內比較結果 37
4-3-2 飲用綠茶腦波參數前後測組內比較結果 38
4-3-3 飲用烏龍茶腦波參數前後測組內比較結果 38
4-3-4 飲用紅茶腦波參數前後測組內比較結果 39
4-3-5 飲用綠茶、烏龍茶、紅茶與飲用白開水腦波參數前後測組內比較綜合討論 39
第五章 討論 41
5-1 飲茶對人體血壓及心跳速率之影響 41
5-2 飲茶對人體心率變異參數之影響 42
5-3 飲茶對人體腦波之影響 44
第六章 結論與建議 46
6-1 結論 46
6-2 建議 46
參考文獻 48
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