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研究生:李盈儒
研究生(外文):Ying-Ru Lee
論文名稱:探討斑馬魚tmprss3a和tmprss3-like基因功能
論文名稱(外文):Functional analysis of zebrafish tmprss3a and tmprss3-like gene
指導教授:楊建洲
指導教授(外文):Jiann-Jou Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學大學
系所名稱:生物醫學科學學系碩士班
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:斑馬魚
外文關鍵詞:tmprss3atmprss3-like
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TMPRSS3是第一個被提出與非症候群聽障有關的絲胺酸蛋白。先前實驗室已經利用斑馬魚作為模式動物去探討與人類TMPRSS3的同源基因tmprss4a和tmprss4b的相關研究。同時也發現斑馬魚tmprss3的基因可能是人類TMPRSS3基因的同源基因。因此,本研究主要的目的是想進一步探討和瞭解斑馬魚tmprss3基因所扮演的角色。本研究首先利用生物資訊學的方法比對人類TMPRSS3和老鼠Tmprss3與斑馬魚tmprss3之關係。我們發現,兩個斑馬魚tmprss3a和tmprss3-like基因有可能和小鼠Tmprss3和人TMPRSS3基因同源。從半定量RT-PCR的結果去觀察tmprss3a和tmprss3-like在斑馬魚發育時期間的表現量,可以看到tmprss3a基因從胚胎受精後1.5小時就有微量的表現,直到受精後120小時皆有表現,其中在受精後25至120小時表現量有增加的趨勢。另外tmprss3-like則是從胚胎受精後1.5小時都有表現,但在受精後9至12小時表現相對較少。另外從半定量RT-PCR 的結果中,看到tmprss3a、tmprss3-like基因在斑馬魚成魚組織的表現看到tmprss3a在心臟和腎臟當中的表現量最高,其次為內耳;另外tmprss3-like則是在輸精管最高表現,其次是腎臟。在全胚胎原位雜交(Whole-mount in situ hybridization)中,隨著胚胎發育的時間越長,tmprss3a和tmprss3-like訊號慢慢的明顯,但tmprss3a在發育前期,表現則是較低的。tmprss3a和tmprss3-like在24小時是有表現在脊椎腹側。另一方面我們也利用顯微注射的方式打入反股的Morpholino(MO)去抑制tmprss3-like的轉譯,觀察到施打MO 4ng後pTaqRFP tmprss3-like 的螢光表現從85.67±0.08% 降至23±0.06%。另外,對於pTagRFP的螢光MO並不會造成影響,因此我們的結果可證明tmprss3-like Mo會專一性抑制tmprss3-like -pTaqRFP螢光表現。綜合以上所述,在本研究中我們雖然獲得tmprss3a和tmprss3-like在斑馬魚胚胎發育和組織內的表現情形,然而對於tmprss3a和tmprss3-like在斑馬魚上所扮演的角色仍需更進一步的探討。


Human TMPRSS3 which is a member of the Type II transmembrane serine protease (TTSP) was the first description of a serine protease involved in deafness. In our previous studies, we have used zebrafish as a model organism to explore tmprss4a and tmprss4b which are the homologue of human TMPRSS3. We also found that zebrafish tmprss3 may be a homologue of human TMPRSS3. The main purpose of this study is to further explore and understand the role of zebrafish tmprss3. We found that both zebrafish tmprss3a and tmprss3-like are probably homologous to human TMPRSS3 and mouse Tmprss3 through BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool). During embryogenesis, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed that zebrafish tmprss3a was expressed after 1.5 post-fertilization (hpf), and a relatively high level of expression was detected between 25-120 hpf. On the other hand, zebrafish tmprss3-like was expressed from 1.5 to 120 hours hpf, but a relatively low level of expression was detected between 9-12 hpf. In addition, both tmprss3a and tmprss3-like transcripts were observed in multiple adult tissues through RT-PCR. Moreover, the highest expression of tmprss3a were detected in heart, kidney, second is innear. On the other hand, the highest expression of tmprss3-like was in vas deferens, second is kidneys. Whole-mount in situ hybridization revealed that the signals of tmprss3a and tmprss3-like were gradually obvious during embryogenesis for longer. However, the signal of tmprss3a was relatively low in the early stage. tmprss3a and tmprss3-like are specially express in the ventral spine at 24-hour stage. In addition, we developed one specific tmprss3-like-targeting morpholino oligonucleotides (MOs) and established the fusion protein construct TagRFP tmprss3-like that was co-injected into embryos in the presence or absence of morpholinos. We further knocked-down tmprss3-like by MOs, and observed that the application of 4ng MO could decrease the expression of pTaqRFP tmprss3-like fluorescent from 85.67 ± 0.08% to 23 ± 0.06%. In addition, MO against pTagRFP fluorescent do not be affected, so our results may prove that tmprss3-like Mo would be specific knockdown the expression of pTaqRFP tmprss3-like fluorescence. In summary, although we contributes to the understanding of the specific expression and distribution of tmprss3a and tmprss3-like in the embryonic development and tissue, the specific roles of tmprss3a and tmprss3-like in the zebrafish still have be investigate.

目錄......................................................i
縮寫表...................................................ii
中文摘要..................................................1
英文摘要..................................................3
第一章 序論 (Introduction)...............................5
第二章 材料與方法 (Meterials and Methods).................10
第三章 結果 (Results)...................................24
第四章 討論 (Discussion) ................................29
未來展望(Future work)...................................34
參考文獻 (References)..................................35
圖表 (Figures)...........................................38
附錄 (Appendixes) .....................................54


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