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研究生:杜光東
研究生(外文):dang xuan du
論文名稱:Zemax軟體模擬攝影鏡頭的設計
論文名稱(外文):The Revolution and Design of Photographic Lens with Zemax
指導教授:李企桓
口試委員:李企桓馬仕信蔡政穆
口試日期:2016-06-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:NA
外文關鍵詞:Photographic lensCooke Triplet lensTessar lenshistory of lens
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Before the breakthrough of photography, pictures were rare and exclusive. All portrait or landscape picture was created by the oblique way, the ingenious hands. But with the invention of lens, a little piece of glass that would change the world. The lens started a formidable revolution in our ability to explore our surroundings, increase our knowledge, and gradually made it possible to alter our circumstances in a positive way. Since the invention of lens, it has been undergone many revolutions that was in ordered to satisfy the needs and requirements on its own time.
Each of new type of lens was invented to solve the drawbacks of the previous lens, then improve the quality and performance. So, in chapter two, we are going to redesign some of these important lenses by Zemax, analyze their properties, estimate their quality to have a clearer understanding in the development progress of lens. Consequently, a series of lens has been designed and shown up already.
In the next chapter, the discussion about related optic theories that useful for optical design. The methods were used to do the works in this study also mentioned. By combination between the own optical knowledge, design skills, applying new technology and the powerful of software, the lens has approached a good quality of performance.
Tessar lens and Cooke Triplet lens were the two outstanding lens and were widely used in many applications, so a research and design new versions of these lens will be the main tasks in this study.
Keywords: Photographic lens, Cooke Triplet lens, Tessar lens, history of lens
1 Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Review of photographic lens 1
1.2 The aim and objectives in the study 2
2 CHAPTER 2. LITERATURE REVIEW 4
2.1 Landscape lenses 5
2.2 Achromatic landscape lens 6
2.3 The Petzval Portrait lens 8
2.3.1 Rapid Rectilinear lens 10
2.4 The Cooke lens 11
2.5 The Celor lens 13
2.6 The Tessar lens 15
3 CHAPTER 3. USEFUL OPTIC THEORIES AND METHODS 17
3.1 Useful optic theories 17
3.1.1 The derivation of primary axial color equation 17
3.1.2 Field curvature flattening 20
3.1.3 Power equation for multiple elements optical system 21
3.1.4 Celor equation derivation and apply for Cooke triplet design 22
3.2 Methods 25
3.2.1 Cooke Triplet lens and specifications 25
3.2.2 How to select the glasses 26
3.2.3 Design procedure of Cooke triplet 27
3.2.4 Tessar lens and specification 31
4 CHAPTER 4. RESULTS 34
4.1 The Cooke Triplet lens 34
4.1.1 The progression 34
4.1.2 Final results and comparison 41
4.2 Tessar lens f/2.8, 52mm 47
4.2.1 Lens data 47
4.2.2 System descriptions 48
4.2.3 Layout of lens 49
4.2.4 Ray fan plots 50
4.2.5 Field curvature and distortion 50
4.2.6 Modulation transfer function 51
4.2.7 Image simulation 52
5 Chapter 5. Conclusions 54
1. Gregory Hallock Smith. October 1998. Practical Computer-Aided Lens Design. 1st Edition. England.
2. Geary, Joseph M. (August 2002). Introduction to Lens Design: With Practical Zemax Examples.
3. Warren J. Smith. December 25, 2007. Modern Optical Engineering, 4th Ed. 4th Edition. McGraw-Hill Education
4. Rudolf Kingslake. November 11, 1989. A History of the Photographic Lens 1st Edition. Academic Press.
5. Ralph E. Jacobson, Sidney F. Ray, Geoffrey G. Attridge, Norman R. Axford. 2000. The Manual of Photography Photographic and digital imaging. Ninth edition. Oxford OX2 8DP 225 Wildwood Avenue, Woburn.
6. Radiant Zemax, llc. April 2011. Zebase optical design database. Version 6.1. Radiant Zemax, llc 1990-2011.
7. Sami D. Alaruri. 12 October 2015. F/1.6 diffraction-limited air-spaced Cooke triplet photographic lens designs for MWIR and LWIR imaging applications. Independent Scholar, P.O. Box 152, Uniontown, OH, 44685, USA
8. Lacy G. Cook, El Segundo. 19 may 2005. Compact inverse-telephoto infrared imaging optical system. United States patent.
9. Kingslake, Rudolph, 1978. Lens design fundamentals. New York: academic press.
10. Pedrotti, F. and Pedrotti. 1993. Introduction to optics. Second edition. New Jersy: prentice hall.
11. Kingslake, R. 1983. Optical systems design. New York. Academic press.
12. Castleman. 1996. Digital images processing. Prentice hall, Englewood cliffs, NJ.
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