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研究生:帕娜西
研究生(外文):CHANAKIRA,PANASHE
論文名稱:性別差異對女性創業者之探討
論文名稱(外文):Gender Differences for Female Entrepreneurs
指導教授:林耀南林耀南引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIN,YAO-NAN
口試委員:劉上嘉吳進家
口試日期:2016-03-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:國際創業與經營管理學程碩士在職專班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:54
外文關鍵詞:Female entrepreneurentrepreneurshipgender differences
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The past couple of years have resulted in a significant narrowing of the issues pertaining to gender differences in entrepreneurship. This is due to the fact that many researchers and policy makers have made a conscious decision to give female entrepreneurship the attention it deserves. Despite the huge amount of effort made by international organizations such as the United Nations and World Bank, to close the gap of gender inequalities among female entrepreneurship, there are still many issues in this area. Moreover, even though there has been a significant level of growth among female entrepreneurs, male entrepreneurs still continue to dominate this industry. Consequently, it is imperative for international organizations and institutions to continue to implement policies and procedures in order to support more female entrepreneurs. The purpose of this research study is to identify the key characteristics between female and male entrepreneurs, analyze the key issues related to gender differences among entrepreneurs, and to investigate the relationship between males and females, as it relates to identifying business opportunities in the entrepreneurship world.
The past couple of years have resulted in a significant narrowing of the issues pertaining to gender differences in entrepreneurship. This is due to the fact that many researchers and policy makers have made a conscious decision to give female entrepreneurship the attention it deserves. Despite the huge amount of effort made by international organizations such as the United Nations and World Bank, to close the gap of gender inequalities among female entrepreneurship, there are still many issues in this area. Moreover, even though there has been a significant level of growth among female entrepreneurs, male entrepreneurs still continue to dominate this industry. Consequently, it is imperative for international organizations and institutions to continue to implement policies and procedures in order to support more female entrepreneurs. The purpose of this research study is to identify the key characteristics between female and male entrepreneurs, analyze the key issues related to gender differences among entrepreneurs, and to investigate the relationship between males and females, as it relates to identifying business opportunities in the entrepreneurship world.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter I. Introduction and Overview 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Background of Study 1
1.3 Problem Statement 3
1.4 Objectives of Study 3
Chapter II. Literature Review 4
2.1 Content in Literature Review 4
2.2 Definition of Entrepreneurship 4
2.3. Characteristics of Male and Female Entrepreneurs 6
2.4 Impact of Entrepreneurship 8
2.5 In-Depth Analysis of Differences 9
2.6 The Struggle of Women to be in Leadership Positions 10
2.7 Exclusion Factors Faced by Women Entrepreneurs 10
2.8 Motivating Factors for Self-Employment 11
2.8.1 Self-Employment and Access to Finance 16
2.8.2 Earnings Gap in Self-Employment 19
2.9 Dealing with Gender Inequality 21
2.10 Barriers and Initiatives Closing the Entrepreneurial Gap 24
Chapter III. Research Design and Methodology 30
3.1 Research Design 30
3.2 Nature of Study 30
3.3. Reliability and Valididty 30
3.4 Ethical Considerations 31
Chapter IV. Case Studies 32
4.1 Reflections on Case Studies 32
Chapter V. Conclusion and Recommendations 36
5.1 Conclusion 36
5.2 Limitations 37
5.3 Recommendations 37
5.4 Contribution in Practical Fields 38
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