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研究生:陳艾欣
研究生(外文):Tan, Laura Ai Sim
論文名稱:早戀的國中女性憂鬱的社會機制
論文名稱(外文):The social mechanisms of depression among junior high school girls with romantic involvement
指導教授:鄭力軒鄭力軒引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng, Li Hsuan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:社會學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:談戀愛憂鬱症狀親子衝突知覺家庭支持自尊
外文關鍵詞:romantic involvementdepression symptomsparent-adolescent conflictperceived family supportself-esteem
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本研究主要探究青少女談戀愛和憂鬱之間關係的社會機制。筆者以補償理論觀點和角色重組理論觀點分別解釋談戀愛前/後的親子關係,以困惑的自我形象解釋談戀愛後的自尊。研究採用前三波的「台灣青少年成長歷程」追蹤性調查資料的國一女性為實際分析樣本,剔除遺漏值後,實際分析樣本剩下979筆。為了驗證本文的假設,本研究以最小平方迴歸分析(Ordinary Least Square, OLS)和邏輯斯迴歸分析(Logistic Regression Analysis)建立路徑分析,也以多種方式檢驗中間作用。本研究發現:1.在控制社會人口變項、第一波憂鬱症狀等變項之下,在第二波談戀愛的青少年女性在第三波的憂鬱症狀較多;2.在控制社會人口變項、第一波憂鬱症狀、第一波親子衝突之下,第三波親子衝突解釋了第二波談戀愛和第三波憂鬱之間關係的14% (p<1.0,Biased-corrected 90% CI:.0002到.0406);3. 在控制社會人口變項、第一波憂鬱症狀、第一波知覺家庭支持之下,第二波知覺家庭支持解釋了第二波談戀愛和第三波憂鬱症狀之間關係的8%(p<.05,Biased-corrected 95% CI:.0010到.0240);4. 在控制社會人口變項和第一波自尊之下,青少年女性在第二波談戀愛無法預測第三波的自尊,然而第三波自尊能夠預測第三波的憂鬱症狀。
This study explored the social mechanisms of depression among junior high school girls with romantic involvement. In order to understand the mediating mechanisms between romantic involvement and depression among adolescent girls, I applied both the perspectives of role restructuring and a compensation model to interpret the relationships between adolescent romantic involvement and parental relationships. In addition, I also applied the perspective of disturbance of the self-image to interpret the relationship between adolescent romantic involvement and self-esteem. I used the first three waves of longitudinal data from the Taiwan Youth Project. To test the hypotheses, I adopted OLS regression models and logistic regression models to build path analyses, and I also applied multiple approaches to test the mediation effects. The analytic sample included 979 adolescent girls in the seventh grade who were interviewed in the first three waves.
The results showed that, when demographic variables, depression symptoms in Wave 1, and other factors were controlled for, romantic involvement among adolescent girls in Wave 2 was associated with more depression symptoms in Wave 3. Results from both the Sobel test and the bootstrapping method indicated that, when demographic variables, depression symptoms, and parent-adolescent conflict in Wave 1 were controlled for, the effect of romantic involvement among adolescent girls in Wave 2 on depression symptoms in Wave 3 through parent-adolescent conflict in Wave 3 was significant (Indirect effect =.14, Biased-corrected 90% CI [.0002, .0406]). Also, when demographic variables, depression symptoms, and perceived family support in Wave 1 were controlled for, the effect of romantic involvement among adolescent girls in Wave 2 on depression symptoms in Wave 3 through perceived family support in Wave 2 was significant (Indirect effect =.08, Biased-corrected 95% CI [.0010, .0240]). When demographic variables and self-esteem in Wave 1 were controlled for, romantic involvement among adolescent girls in Wave 2 did not predict self-esteem in Wave 3, but self-esteem in Wave 3 was associated with depression symptoms in Wave 3.


第一章 研究動機 1
第二章 文獻探討 4
(一) 青少年女性談戀愛、親子關係和憂鬱症狀:以角色重組和補償模型觀點解釋 4
(二) 青少年女性談戀愛、自尊和憂鬱症狀:以困惑的自我形象觀點解釋 8
(三) 研究假設 9
第三章 研究方法 12
(一) 資料來源 12
(二) 變項測量 13
(三) 分析方法 16
第四章 研究結果 19
(一) 研究樣本基本特性 19
(二)青少年女性談戀愛和憂鬱症狀:親子衝突和自尊的間接機制 22
第五章 結論與討論 29
參考書目 37


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