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研究生:黃亞楠
論文名稱:適應在他鄉:陸生的社交媒體使用
論文名稱(外文):Acculturation in Taiwan:the study of social media use among mainland students
指導教授:蘇蘅蘇蘅引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:新聞學系
學門:傳播學門
學類:新聞學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:141
中文關鍵詞:陸生兩岸社交媒體文化適應
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跨國求學的留學生進入陌生的社會將面臨跨文化適應和溝通的議題。隨著新興傳播科技的發展,分享、交換已經不受時空限制,跨文化適應也因社交媒體的產生變化。
本文以來台攻讀碩博士學位的大陸籍學生為研究對象,從跨文化溝通的角度,分析陸生在兩岸不同的社交媒體上遷移和使用的樣貌,探討陸生在兩岸社交媒體使用上的差異,及其對文化適應的影響。
研究發現,陸生的文化適應議題主要集中在處理人際關係與文化認同兩部分,其文化適應過程呈現適應-壓力-成長的螺旋上升模式。社交媒體影響著陸生的文化適應效果,一方面支持陸生加強、構建和維護人際關係,產生社會網絡,建立虛擬社群,另一方面,陸生透過社交媒體接觸和學習主文化的過程,形塑其對網路社群的直觀感受和認同,這影響著留學生與主文化的溝通與互動。總的來說,社交媒體能夠幫助與主文化群體聯絡,了解主文化,但無法解決深層次的、特別是涉及到意識形態分歧、文化價值差異的溝通。社交媒體是促進溝通和交流的工具,但未達到真正的跨文化溝通效果。
與其他留學生群體相比,留學台灣的陸生具有特殊性。由於兩岸的特殊的歷史關係,陸生的適應議題與兩岸關係、意識形態的差異糾葛僅僅聯繫在一起,而陸生來自社交媒體產業極度發達、言論相對限縮的社會環境,在利用社交媒體輔助文化適應的過程中,既有在生活實踐上極度務實、開放的一面,也有在自我揭露和認同建構上,小心翼翼甚至是自我審查的一面。

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 6
第三節 研究目的 8
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 陸生在台就學的政策變化 11
第二節 社交媒體在兩岸的發展和使用 14
第三節 跨文化適應與溝通 19
第四節 社交媒體與跨文化溝通 27
第五節 研究問題 37
第三章 研究方法 39
第一節 質性研究方法 39
第二節 研究方法與執行 40
第四章 資料分析 49
第一節 衝突與適應之間:陸生的在台生活 49
第二節 陸生來台前後的社交媒體使用 58
第三節 在跨越中改變 90
第四節 社交媒體與陸生的文化適應 102
第五章 研究發現與討論 111
第一節 重要研究發現 111
第二節 研究限制 119
第三節 未來研究建議 121
參考文獻 123
附錄: 135
一、受訪者資料登記表 135
二、受訪同意書 136
三、訪談大綱 138

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