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研究生:邱建富
研究生(外文):Chien-Fu Chiu
論文名稱:自組裝多孔性光子晶體於液體檢測之應用
論文名稱(外文):Self-Assembled Macroporous Photonic Crystal-Based Liquid Detectors
指導教授:楊宏達楊宏達引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hongta Yang
口試委員:吳震裕廖英志
口試委員(外文):Jeng-Yue WuYing-Chih Liao
口試日期:2016-07-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:自組裝光子晶體表面張力液體檢測布拉格繞射
外文關鍵詞:self-assemblyphotonic crystalsBragg diffractionsurface tension
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此研究以對流自組裝技術,自組裝255奈米尺寸二氧化矽膠體晶體於玻璃樣品瓶內壁,後加入乙氧基化三羥甲基丙烷三丙烯酸酯 (ETPTA)單體、光起始劑混合液於瓶內,並以紫外光固化聚合,再以活性離子蝕刻其表面,以改變表面粗糙度,此高分子複合材料可以使用氫氟酸水溶液選擇性蝕刻二氧化矽膠體晶體,以製備多孔性高分子圓柱體,其具三維規則排列孔洞,可根據布拉格定律繞射特定波長之入射光。其曲面經不同程度活性離子蝕刻,具不同表面粗糙度,後以氟化物利用化學氣相沉積法進行表面改質,降低其表面能,以製備具不同親疏水性表面塗佈於圓柱體。溶液於多孔性高分子圓柱滑動至表面張力與溶液相仿之處進行滲透,改變其有效折射率所繞射波長之入射光增大,此紅移現象可藉由裸眼判斷效果。

This research reports the achievement of rapid liquid detection by curved three-dimensional macroporous photonic crystals created by a simple bottom-up self-assembly technology. The three-dimensional ordered air cavities exhibit optical diffraction which could be detected by the optical measurements and the theoretical prediction based on the Bragg''s diffractive theory. The void size of pores can be controlled by tuning the duration of reactive ion etching process (RIE). After surface modification, curved surfaces with different hydrophobicities can be achieved. The study further demonstrates that the as-prepared macroporous photonic crystals can be used to detect liquids with different surface tensions.

目錄 iii
示意圖目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機 1
1.3 研究目的與方法 2
1.4 研究架構與流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 液體檢測之動機 7
2.2 液體檢測相關文獻 7
2.3 以表面張力之液體偵測相關文獻 9
2.4 光子晶體製程相關文獻 12
2.5 光子晶體感測器相關文獻 14
2.6 表面疏水性之相關應用 15
2.6.1 蓮葉效應與玫瑰效應 16
2.6.2 溫佐與卡西-巴斯特方程式 17
第三章 實驗步驟 19
3.1 實驗儀器設備 19
3.2 實驗藥品 20
3.3 實驗步驟 22
第四章 實驗結果與討論 26
4.1 對流自組裝塗佈技術製備膠體晶體/高分子複合材料於曲面 26
4.1.1 膠體晶體/高分子複合材料影像與結構分析 27
4.1.2 膠體晶體/高分子複合材料光學性質分析 30
4.2 以複合材料製備具不同疏水性質多孔性結構於曲面 31
4.2.1 具多孔性高分子塗佈曲面之影像與結構分析 32
4.2.2 多孔性高分子塗佈曲面之光學性質分析 34
4.2.3 多孔性高分子塗佈曲面之疏水性質測量與分析 35
4.3 製備具不同疏水性質多孔性結構曲面於液體偵測之應用 39
4.3.1 多孔性高分子曲面影像與結構分析 40
4.3.2 多孔性高分子曲面靜態水滴接觸角測量與分析 42
4.3.3 多孔性高分子曲面於液體檢測之應用 45
4.4 不同孔徑尺寸結構於液體檢測之研究與再現性 49
4.4.1 不同孔徑之多孔性高分子曲面影像與結構分析 50
4.4.2 不同孔徑之多孔性高分子曲面靜態水滴接觸角測量與分析 53
4.4.3 不同孔徑之多孔性高分子曲面於液體檢測之應用 61
第五章 結論 67
第六章 參考文獻 68



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