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研究生:吳明昌
研究生(外文):Ming-Chang Wu
論文名稱:時變性降雨對地下水位變動之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Variation of Groundwater Level under Time-varying Rainfall Events
指導教授:謝平城謝平城引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ping-Cheng Hsieh
口試委員:詹錢登陳主惠
口試委員(外文):Qian-Deng ZhanZhu-Hui Chen
口試日期:2016-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:水土保持學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:水土保持學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:地下水位流量時變性降雨傾斜含水層
外文關鍵詞:groundwater leveldischargetime variant rainfallsloping aquifer
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:103
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:9
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在都市周邊的坡地為近來水土保持的重點區域,其含水層內地下水位會受到降雨、地質和地形的影響,而產生不同的流量和水位變化。目前地下水位的資料取得,以採用觀測井進行觀測為主,然而受限於儀器的昂貴與開挖觀測井的成本過高,因此利用控制方程式與邊界條件建立模式後進行求解,能幫助我們以另一種方式了解地下水位的變動。
本文考量非拘限含水層具不透水底床傾角以及降雨量隨著時間的變化,引用Child (1971)以Darcy’s Law為基礎提出的Boussinesq方程式為控制方程式,並就線性化後之方程式利用廣義積分轉換法(General Integral Transforms Technique),進行地下水位變動之解析。
文中分別探討均勻降雨下地下水水位與流量達到平衡的過程以及時變性降雨造成非拘限傾斜含水層的地下水位變動,其中均勻降雨部分分別與Verhoest & Troch (2000)及Bansal & Das (2010)做比較驗證;經與前人研究的解析解進行比較後,獲得相當不錯的結果,並搭配現地土壤與水文的資料作為參數引入,冀能得到更準確的現地地下水資訊。


The slopes of the suburbs come to important areas by focusing on the work of soil and water conservation in recent years. The water table inside the aquifer is affected by rainfall, geology and topography, which will result in the change of groundwater discharge and water level. Currently, the way to obtain water table information is to set up the observation wells; however, owing to that the cost of equipment and the wells excavated is too expensive, we use the governing equation and boundary conditions to develop a model and then solve the problem, which might help us to understand the groundwater level variation.
In this study, we will consider an unconfined aquifer with impermeable bottom under the time variant rainfall. Referring to Child (1971), we employ the Boussinesq equation as the governing equation, and apply the General Integral Transforms Technique to analyzing the groundwater level after linearizing the Boussinesq equation.
We discuss the response of groundwater level of an unconfined aquifer under uniform rainfall or time variant rainfall events. After comparing the solution with Verhoest & Troch (2000) and Bansal & Das (2010), we get satisfactory results, and then with the input of local field and hydrological data, we hope to obtain more accurate information of local groundwater.


摘 要 i
Abstract ii
目錄iv
圖目錄vi
表目錄xiii
符號說明xiv
第一章 前言 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 2
1-3 研究內容 3
1-4 章節介紹 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
第三章 研究方法 6
3-1均勻降雨影響地下水位變動(case 1)6
3-2均勻降雨影響地下水位變動(case 2)14
3-3時變性降雨影響地下水位變動18
3-4小結21
第四章 結果與討論 22
4-1與Verhoest & Troch (2000) 驗證22
4-2與Bansal & Das (2010) 驗證29
4-3不同降雨雨型之地下水位模擬33
4-4時變性降雨下之地下水位模擬應用例59
第五章 結論與建議 76
5-1 結論 76
5-2 建議 78
參考文獻 79


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