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研究生:裔智堯
研究生(外文):Chih-Yao Yi
論文名稱:探索高階團隊特性對策略改變決策品質的影響
論文名稱(外文):Exploring The Impact of TMT Characteristics on The Decision Quality of Strategic Change
指導教授:林金賢林金賢引用關係蕭櫓蕭櫓引用關係
口試委員:康照宗
口試日期:2016-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:高階團隊策略改變決策品質配適
外文關鍵詞:TMTStrategic changeQuality of decision-makingPerformance
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本研究旨在透過經緯資料(Panel data)的方式探討台灣電子產業其策略改變的時機點、是否存在規範方程式(Normative formula),以及高階團隊(Top management team, TMT)特質是否對決策品質有所影響。
企業在面臨不斷改變的環境中,何時該改變策略,一直都是企業所面臨的難題,亦是策略管理領域所關注的議題之一。而策略的不外乎會受到外在與內在因素所影響,外在因素一般以產組織學派(Industrial organization, IO)為主,而內在因素則是資源基礎觀點(Resource-based view, RBV)。產業組織學派認為策略的制訂是「由外而內(Outside-in)」,認為產業結構是企業獲利的主要原因之一,而Porter(1991)更承襲了這樣的觀點,認為組織的策略是對於產業結構了解後的一種回應。另一方面,資源基礎觀點則是「由內而外(Inside-out)」,認為企業的績效來自持有或控制關鍵與獨特資源。
本研究以台灣上市電子產業549家企業從2010年至2014年共計5年份的經緯資料來探討企業內外部的資源對策略改變的關係,並且檢驗規範方程式的存在與否,最後則探討TMT的特質與決策品質之間的關係。
而研究的結果顯示,規範方程式僅存在於大型企業之中,小型企業則受限於資源較少,其策略必須與大型企業有所差異,方能有較好的績效;另一方面,TMT特質也會因大小型企業而有所差異,如TMT的規模、平均學歷、平均學歷異質性、平均年資與平均年資異質性等,大型企業應要降低以上之比例,小型企業則應增加,而若以TMT持股比例而言,大型企業應增加持股比例,小型企業應該降低持股比例,對於決策品質方能有所提升。

第一章 緒論..................... 1
第一節 研究動機與目的............. 1
第二節 研究問題.................. 6
第三節 研究流程.................. 7
第二章 文獻探討.................. 8
第一節 策略改變.................. 8
第二節 產業組織學派............... 9
第三節 資源基礎觀點............... 11
第四節 配適...................... 13
第五節 高階團隊.................. 15
第三章 研究方法.................. 18
第一節 研究架構.................. 18
第二節 樣本選擇.................. 19
第三節 變數定義與衡量............. 19
第四節 Panel data分析方法簡介..... 25
第四章 資料分析.................. 26
第一節 敘述性統計與相關分析....... 26
第二節 假說檢定.................. 29
第五章 結論與建議................ 35
第一節 研究結果.................. 35
第二節 理論與實務意涵............. 38
第三節 研究限制與建議............. 38
參考文獻........................ 40

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