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研究生:林怡君
研究生(外文):Yi-Chun Lin
論文名稱:文化資產與博物館文化特區:比利時藝術之丘個案研究
論文名稱(外文):Cultural Heritage and Museum Cultural Districts:The Case Study of Mont des Arts in Brussels, Belgium
指導教授:陳明惠陳明惠引用關係
口試委員:李傳楷邱文宏
口試日期:2016-06-03
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:文化資產博物館文化特區文化群聚效應比利時藝術之丘
外文關鍵詞:Cultural HeritageMuseum Cultural DistrictsCultural Clusters EffectMont des Arts
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文化之所以被視為一種資產,是因為文化可以代表一個族群的特色。隨著歷史的演進,文化產物不斷的累積,不論是有形還是無形的文化,都能代表過去時代的歷史意義。而博物館的存在顯示國家對於地區的文化、歷史的重視。
本研究探討如何發展博物館文化特區,為文化資產創造新價值,依據文化創意園區的5P理論架構,分析本研究個案如何透過創意政策、創意人、文化與創意歷程、創意氛圍以及創意產出五個面向來帶動文化資產的轉型。
本研究選擇比利時藝術之丘作為個案研究,此個案位於比利時首都「布魯塞爾」,布魯塞爾是世界上工業最發達的地區,有完善的港口、公路、鐵路等基礎設施;另外,布魯塞爾也是900多個重要國際機構所在地,有歐洲首都之稱。可想而知,其具有充分的建築、藝術等文化資產的發展條件。
研究發現,除了基本文化資產的保存之外,積極的文化資產的轉型需要園區內外的合作,透過政府、藝術家、教育家、創業家等結合,能夠為博物館文化特區帶來文化的群聚效應,促進博物館文化特區與群眾的互動並維持特區的活絡。

Culture is seen as heritage because culture represents the characteristic of ethnic. As time goes by, tangible and intangible culture get more and more. These culture can represent past generations. The existence of museums demonstrate how importantly the nation regards history and culture.
This study explores how to develop the cultural museum district. To create new value for the cultural heritage, based on the framework 5P model, this case study analyzes how policy, person, process, place and product drive the transformation of cultural assets.
The case study of this research is Mont des Arts. Mont des Arts is located in the Belgian capital, "Brussels". Brussels is the world''s most developed industrial areas, there are well-developed ports, roads, railways and other infrastructure. In addition, there are more than 900 important international institutions in Brussels, it could be seen as European capital. So here are sufficient elements to develop of architecture, art and cultural heritage.
The study found that in addition to the basic preservation of cultural assets, positive transformation of cultural assets requires the cooperation inside and outside the district. Through the corporation of government, artists, educators, entrepreneurs, it can bring cultural clusters effect to museum cultural districts, facilitate the interaction with people and maintain active growth.

I. Introduction 1
II. Literature review 3
2.1 Cultural Heritage 3
2.2 Cultural Clusters 4
2.3 Museum Cultural Districts 5
III. Research framework 7
IV. Methodology 9
4.1 The research cases 9
4.2. Interview 9
V. The Case Study of Mont Des Arts 11
5.1 The Background of Mont Des Arts 11
5.2 The case analysis with 5P Model 13
VI. Conclusion and Suggestion 32
References 35
Appendix 38

一、中文部分:
期刊論文
1.張麗(2014)。「比利時:地方文化共同體提供文化服務保障的聯邦制國家」。山東圖書館學刊,2014年第2期,頁54-58。
2.陳明惠、潘釔天、張佑宇、吳俊德(2012)。文化創意園區與都市活化:中國上海田子坊與英國雪菲爾文化特區個案研究。科技管理學刊,第17卷第 1期,頁27-72。
二、西文部分
Journal Articles
1.Aalst, I. V. & Boogaarts, I. (2002). From museum to mass entertainment. The evolution of the role of museums in cities
2.Mazzanti, M. (2002). Cultural heritage as multi-dimensional, multi-value and multi-attribute economic good: toward a new framework for economic analysis and valuation. Journal of Socio-Economics, 31, 529–558.
3.McIntosh, A. J. (1999). Affirming authenticity: Consuming cultural heritage. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(3), 589–612.
4.Mommaas, H. (2004). Cultural clusters and the post-industrial city: towards the remapping of urban cultural policy. Urban Studies, 41(3), 507-532.
5.Santagata, W. (2002). Cultural districts, property rights and sustainable economic growth. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 26(1), 9-23.
6.Ibrisimbegovic, S. & Pizzati, A. (2006). Museum cultural district. Technics Technologies Education Management, 22-27.
7.Scott, A. J. (2001). Capitalism, cities and the production of symbolic forms. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 26(1), 11-23.
8.Steinle, C. & Schiele, H. (2002). When do industries cluster? A proposal on how to assess an industry’s propensity to concentrate at a single region or nation. Research Policy, 31(6), 849-858.
9.Tweed, C. (2007). Built cultural heritage and sustainable urban development. Landscape and Urban Planning, 83, 62–69.
10.Vecco, M. (2010). A definition of cultural heritage: From the tangible to the intangible. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 11, 321-324.
Electronic Resources
1.be.brussels: http://be.brussels/brussels
2.BELvue: http://www.belvue.be/
3.City of Brussels: http://www.brussels.be/artdet.cfm
4.EUROPA - European Union website, the official EU website: http://europa.eu/pol/cult/index_en.htm
5.ICOM - The International Council of: Museums-http://icom.museum/the-vision/museum-definition/
6.IGI Global: http://www.igi-global.com/dictionary/cultural-heritage/6392
7.Kunstberg - Mont des Arts: http://www.montdesarts.com/
8.Musical Instrument Museum: http://mim.org/
9.National Archives of Belgium - State Archives of Belgium: http://www.arch.be/index.php?l=en
10.Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium: http://www.fine-arts-museum.be/en
11.Square Brussels - Brussels meeting center: http://www.squarebrussels.com/square-brussels-brussels-meeting-center
12.The Bip: http://bip.brussels/en
13.visit.brussels: https://visit.brussels/en
14.Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Magritte
15.Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques-Louis_David
16.Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Paul_Rubens
17.Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zinneke_Parade

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