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研究生:陳明男
研究生(外文):Ming-Nan Chen
論文名稱:低光環境下培育的四種羅漢松屬苗木之光合作用反應
論文名稱(外文):Photosynthetic Performance of Four Podocarpus Species Seedlings Cultivated under Low Light Conditions
指導教授:廖天賜
口試委員:李明仁黃裕星陳財輝翁仁憲王亞男黃士元
口試日期:2016-07-29
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:森林學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:羅漢松屬光合作用氣體交換葉綠素螢光遮陰馴化
外文關鍵詞:Podocarpusphotosynthesisgas exchangechlorophyll fluorescenceshade acclimation
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本研究以地理分布截然不同的四種闊形葉之臺灣羅漢松屬苗木,桃實百日青、叢花百日青、蘭嶼羅漢松、羅漢松為對象,經過5%相對光度培育後,透過不同溫度及光環境條件下之試驗,測定其氣體交換與葉綠素螢光之反應,分析彼等在不同海拔環境的PSⅡ效能、光合作用對間歇短光照之反應等,歸納四種樹種的生態生理特性與其生態分布的相關性。
結果顯示,四種樹種均具有耐陰特性,並適於在遮陰下生長。亞熱帶低海拔分布之桃實百日青,其光化學能力較低,易受10℃以下之冷激溫度影響。亞熱帶中海拔分布之叢花百日青,其光合速率高,接近0℃時,黎明前Fv/Fm仍可維持在一定程度以上,顯示長期光抑制情況輕微。10℃下之斑光誘導,電子傳地速率(ETR)與非光化學消散(NPQ)高於其他三種苗木,顯示其光合構造較其他三種苗木更能適應10℃以下之冷激溫度。熱帶海岸樹種之蘭嶼羅漢松,其光化學能力與光合速率相對較高,但非光化學能力低於其他三者,10℃以下之冷激溫度將造成嚴重之光抑制,對其光合構造影響大。廣泛分布於溫帶至熱帶的羅漢松,其光合特性近似叢花百日青,於10℃以下光合能力之表現,亦僅次於叢花百日青。斑光可有效地誘導四種樹種之光合作用,但低溫(10℃)時之光合能力稍低,雖增加去環氧化態色素之比例(DEPS),但仍需較長的時間發展NPQ,以達到光保護之目的。氣孔導度非四種樹種光合速率之限制因子。在冷激溫度下能否透過非光化學消散保護光合構造,並有效進行光合作用,是影響其分布於較高海拔或緯度的關鍵。


The purpose of this study is to observe and compare the photosynthetic performance of four Podocarpus species seedlings, including Podocarpus nakaii, P. fasciculus, P. costalis, and P. macrophyllus. The comparison was completed using functional broad leaves distributed at different elevations and regions, and cultivated under a 5% relative light intensity environment. To determine the differences between species, various measurements were complete; including through gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics, PSⅡ efficiency at different altitudes, as well as the photosynthetic induction during short-term intermittent illumination, from an ecological physiology stand point to understand their distribution.
The results show that the four Podocarpus seedlings cultivated under low light conditions have shade-tolerant characteristics, and are suitable for growing in shade. The PSⅡ photochemical efficiency of P. nakaii distributed in subtropical low altitude was lower than that of the other three species and was easily effected by temperatures below 10℃. Photosynthetic rate of P. fasciculus distributed in subtropical medium altitude was higher as the high level of predawn Fv/Fm could still be maintained at approximately 0℃. In addition, ETR and NPQ of P. fasciculus upon lightfleck induction were higher than that of the other three species, suggesting that its photosynthetic apparatus can adapt to temperatures below 10℃. Photochemical capacity and photosynthetic rate of P. costalis distributed in tropical coast were higher, but its non-photochemical capacity was lower than that of other species, creating serious photoinhibition when faced with temperatures below 10℃, as well as damage to its photosynthetic apparatus. The photosynthetic property of P. macrophyllus distributed in temperate to tropical regions is similar to that of P. fasciculus, and its photosynthetic performance in sub-10℃ conditions is also similar to that of P. fasciculus. Photosynthetic performance of the four species were induced by lightfleck and exposure to temperatures below 10℃. There was increasing DEPS during winter, but the photoprotection developed by NPQ needed more minutes. Photosynthetic rate of the four species were not limited by stomatal factors. The key to survival for these species is to protect their photosynthetic apparatus using non-photochemical quenching and effectively photosynthesize under low temperature conditions.


第一章 前言................................. 1
第一節 研究目的...........................1
第二節 研究假說..............................2
第三節 前人研究..............................3
一、葉綠素螢光................................3
二、低光環境下的光合作用特性.........17
三、低溫對光合作用的影響..............18
四、斑光與光合作用.................19
五、四種羅漢松屬植物之形態特徵及分布..........21
第二章 材料與方法....................23
第一節 材料來源與培育.................23
第二節 試驗方法...................23
一、光合作用基本特性...............23
二、不同海拔環境之PSⅡ效能............24
三、不同溫度下,光合作用對間歇短光照的反應..........25
第三節、統計分析...............28
第三章 結果.................29
第一節 光合作用基本特性................29
第二節 不同海拔環境之PSⅡ效能............38
第三節 不同溫度下,光合作用對間歇短光照的反應.........46
第四章 討論..........................57
第一節 光合作用基本特性.............57
第二節 不同海拔環境之PSⅡ效能..........60
第三節 不同溫度下,光合作用對間歇短光照的反應.........64
第五章 結論.....................68
第六章 引用文獻............69


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